Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Real World Objects and relationships Database Schema (Object state) Physical Model Modeling Process Conceptual Model Lists, flow diagrams, etc Logical.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Real World Objects and relationships Database Schema (Object state) Physical Model Modeling Process Conceptual Model Lists, flow diagrams, etc Logical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Real World Objects and relationships Database Schema (Object state) Physical Model Modeling Process Conceptual Model Lists, flow diagrams, etc Logical Model Diagram in CASE Tool Graphic courtesy of ESRI

2 Data Model Levels Increasing Abstraction Reality Conceptual Model Logical Model Physical Model Human- oriented Computer- oriented

3 Steps in Data Modeling (1) Conceptualize the user's view of data –what are the basic features needed to solve the problem? (2) Select the geographic representation –points, lines, areas, rasters, TINs (3) Define objects and relationships –draw a UML diagram, specify relationships, “behaviors” (4) Match to geodatabase elements –Refine relationships, “behaviors” (5) Organize geodatabase structure, add data

4 UML ( cont. ) Diagrammatic notation = “visual language”... For constructing a data model Drawings, relationships constructed in Visio Tools to input a drawing to ArcGIS –input data to the data model

5 UML Notation Zeiler pp a class is shown as a box top part: name of class lower part: attributes methods associated with the class lines connect boxes, indicate relationships

6

7 Graphic courtesy of Maidment et al., ArcHydro team

8 UML Notation ( cont. ) Abstract class –specify subclasses underneath –no new instances Feature Class –Specify subtypes underneath Food Veggies Meats

9 Relationships Links between classes, shown as lines One to one One to many Many to many

10 Relationships (cont.) 1:1 - solid line –one record in Class A linked to one record in Class B “is married to” the class of state capitals linked to the class of states 1:n - solid line with * at one end –one record in Class A linked to any number of records in Class B "owns" the class of states linked to the class of area codes

11 Graphic courtesy of Maidment et al., ArcHydro team

12 Relationships (Arc Marine example)

13 Relationships (cont.) m:n - solid line with * at both ends –any number of records in Class A linked to any number of records in Class B "has visited” "was never married to" the class of mountain lions linked to the class of wilderness areas

14 Image courtesy of Dan Fornari, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Study Area

15 Type Inheritance White triangle –Class B inherits the properties (attributes, methods) of Class A –the class street inherits from the class transportation network Solid diamond –the parts and the whole depend on each other lecturelab

16 Graphic courtesy of Maidment et al., ArcHydro team

17

18 Real World Objects and relationships Database Schema (Object state) Physical Model Modeling Process Conceptual Model Lists, flow diagrams, etc Logical Model Diagram in CASE Tool Graphic courtesy of ESRI

19 Steps in Data Modeling (1) Conceptualize the user's view of data –what are the basic features needed to solve the problem? (2) Select the geographic representation –points, lines, areas, rasters, TINs (3) Define objects and relationships –draw a UML diagram, specify relationships, “behaviors” (4) Match to geodatabase elements –Refine relationships, “behaviors” (5) Organize geodatabase structure, add data

20 or XMI file

21 Using a Design Template Schema Wizard reads repository or XMI to create a geodatabase

22 or XMI file

23 Steps in Data Modeling (1) Conceptualize the user's view of data –what are the basic features needed to solve the problem? (2) Select the geographic representation –points, lines, areas, rasters, TINs (3) Define objects and relationships –draw a UML diagram, specify relationships, “behaviors” (4) Match to geodatabase elements –Refine relationships, “behaviors” (5) Organize geodatabase structure, add data –e.g., Marine Data Model tutorial

24 Arc Marine Data Model Exercise Exercise and data at dusk.geo.orst.edu/djl/arcgis/ArcMarine_Tutorial/ What to turn in: –Screen snapshot of what your ArcMap session looks like at the end of Section 4 (including dynseg referencing) –Answers to 2 simple questions at end of Section 4 (which cruise? which vehicle?) –Can put all of the above in a single MS-Word document, labeled with your NAME please! Due in Dropbox, Apr. 29, 6:00 p.m.

25 Geoprocessing Models Model Builder diagrams for workflow Raster in WGS84 extract_west Shifted_west Output grid name Extract_east Raster in WGS84 Extract by Rectangle (2) Output Extent Output Extent Output Extent Shift Extract by Rectangle (3) Extract by Rectangle Mosaic Output Extent

26 Resulting Analysis - ArcHydro From Arctur and Zeiler, Geodatabase Design, ESRI Press.

27 Gateway to the Literature Arctur, D. and Zeiler, M., 2004, Designing Geodatabases, ESRI Press Lowe, J.W., Flexible data models strut the runway. Geospatial Solutions, 13(2): Maidment, D.R., Arc Hydro: GIS for Water Resources, ESRI Press, 203 pp. w/CD. Li, X. and M.E. Hodgson, Vector-field data model and operations. GISci. Rem. Sens., 41(1): Wright, D., Blongewicz, M., Halpin, P., and Breman, J., Arc Marine: GIS for a Blue Planet, Redlands: ESRI Press, –In the classroom or dusk.geo.orst.edu/djl/arcgis/book.html

28

29 MeasuredData InstantaneousPoint (ex: CTD) Measurement X Y TimeStamp MeasuringDevice MeasuredType Z InstantaneousPoints Measurement Michael Blongewicz

30 Objects and Features Object (real world) –in ArcGIS an object is non-spatial –it is NOT a point, line, or area –it has no geographic location –it has no shape attribute in its table –Drainage network, ship, vehicle, … customer, lake, house, etc. Feature (spatial context) –an object that has geographic location –a point, line, area, TIN, raster


Download ppt "Real World Objects and relationships Database Schema (Object state) Physical Model Modeling Process Conceptual Model Lists, flow diagrams, etc Logical."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google