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International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, 32-603 Oświęcim tel. + 48 33 844 8063, fax. + 48 33 843.

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Presentation on theme: "International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, 32-603 Oświęcim tel. + 48 33 844 8063, fax. + 48 33 843."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en The multimedia presentation contains visual materials used in the book “Voices of Memory, part 2”. All three volumes are available at the Auschwitz Museum’s online bookshop at

2 Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

3 Carl Clauberg APMAB, Neg. No International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

4 Experimental Block 10 on the grounds of the Main Camp in Auschwitz I. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

5 Block 10. Room 1, where women prisoners subjected to experiments were hospitalized. Postwar photo. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

6 Barracks No. 30, no longer standing, in the women’s camp (BIa) in Birkenau. APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

7 The gynecological chair in experimental Block 10. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

8 Document in which SS physician general (Reichsarzt SS) Dr. Ernst Grawitz requests Himmler’s permission to set up a research institute for Clauberg. APMAB, Neg. No. 435/A. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

9 Document in which Clauberg presents the scope and organization of the institute he envisions. His plans call for the use of women prisoners for experimental purposes. APMAB, Neg. No. 437/A. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

10 Second page of the letter in which Clauberg outlines the scope of his planned institute. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

11 List of SS physicians authorized to carry out experiments in using Dr. Clauberg’s method to induce permanent infertility in women. APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

12 Note in which Rudolf Brandt, doctor of jurisprudence and personal administrative assistant to Himmler, discusses the result of the meeting with Himmler on sterilization experiments. It indicates that Himmler had given Clauberg permission to carry out experiments on Auschwitz prisoners. APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

13 Letter in which Clauberg informs Himmler that the methods he has developed can be used to sterilize up to a thousand women a day. APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

14 Second page of the letter in which Clauberg informs Himmler about the number of women who can be sterilized per day with the use of his method. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

15 A page from the list of labor assignments for women prisoners in Auschwitz for April Item No. 10 (Häftlinge und Pfleger für Versuchszwecke) is the number of women assigned for experimental purposes. APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

16 After returning from Soviet captivity, during which he went unnoticed among the mass of German prisoners, Clauberg appeared on the radio and television as well as placing an advertisement in the press offering employment to several qualified typists. This helped make it possible to identify him, and contributed to his arrest on November 21, APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

17 Horst Schumann International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

18 Horst Schumann Horst Schuman APMAB, Neg. No International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

19 Letter from the Reichsführer SS to SS-Oberführer Victor Brack of Hitler’s chancellery, in which he states that he is interested in sterilization by X-rays in the concentration camps. APMAB, Neg. No Horst Schumann International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

20 Letter from deputy head of the Führer chancellery, Blankenburg, reporting to the Reichsführer SS on Dr. Schumann’s experiments in Auschwitz. APMAB, Neg. No. 132/2. Horst Schumann International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

21 A page from the surgical records book in Block No. 21 (surgical) of the Auschwitz I camp hospital. It includes the name of Dora Akunis (in Auschwitz under the name Cohen), camp number 38782, and the names of nine of her fellow prisoners subjected to X-ray sterilization experiments. (Dora Akunis’s account is included in this selection of documents and materials). APMAB, Micr. No. 115/318–319. Horst Schumann International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

22 Report by the director of the surgical department of the prisoner hospital in Auschwitz I for the period from September 16 to December 15, 1943, in which he reports that castration was carried out 106 times in the camp hospital (Hodenamputationen, Genitalienoperationen, Eierstockentfernung, Entfernung des Eileiters). APMAB, Hospital Reports, D. Au II-5/1, pp. 103–104. Horst Schumann International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

23 Second page of the report by the head of the surgical department. Horst Schumann International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

24 Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

25 Dr. Josef Mengele (1943) APMAB, Neg. No /12a. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

26 Letter of May 24, 1943, on Josef Mengele’s transfer to Auschwitz. APMAB, Micr. No. 1613/98. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

27 Letter of reference for Dr. Josef Mengele by Auschwitz SS-Standortarzt Eduard Wirths. APMAB, Micr. No. 1613/93. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

28 Gypsy brother and sister, Erdman Schmidt, 5, and Johanna Schmidt, 6, victims of criminal experiments by Dr. Josef Mengele. APMAB, Neg. No /8,10. Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

29 Floor plan of the ground floor of Crematorium II. The laboratory and autopsy room assigned to Dr. Josef Mengele in June 1944 are indicated at lower left. APMAB, Neg. No Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

30 The Birkenau men’s camp hospital (BIIf), seen from the Crematorium II side. In the foreground is the addition to Barracks No. 12 that housed Dr. Josef Mengele’s autopsy room for a time. APMAB, Neg. No /A. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

31 A group of liberated children and women, including Jewish twins and mothers of twins, being cared for by nuns and Polish Red Cross nurses. APMAB, Neg. No Carl Clauberg International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

32 Order to the SS Hygiene Institute in Rajsko, signed by Dr. Josef Mengele, for the histological-pathological examination of the head of a 12-year-old child. APMAB, Micr. No. 1143/69. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

33 Order to the Hygiene Institute in Rajsko for the autopsy of Antoni Ruzicko, prisoner number Z 4954, who died of noma in the “hospital” at the Gypsy family camp in Birkenau (BIIe). APMAB, Hyg. Inst. 1536/18b – Micr. No. 849/1536. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

34 Order to the SS Hygiene Institute in Rajsko for analysis of the blood of 9 Jewish prisoners in Block No. 14 of the Birkenau men’s hospital sector (BIIf) classified as “dwarves”. APMAB, Hyg. Inst. 11/1 pp Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

35 Order to the SS Hygiene Institute in Rajsko for analysis of the blood of 9 Jewish prisoners in Block No. 14 of the Birkenau men’s hospital sector (BIIf) classified as “dwarves”. APMAB, Hyg. Inst. 11/1 pp Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

36 First page of the clinical-psychiatric examination routine used on twins in Dr. Mengele’s laboratory. APMAB, Micr. No.1525 Second page of the examination routine, with the results of the examinations of three pairs of Jewish twins from Hungary. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

37 Otto Klein (right) with his twin brother. APMAB. Josef Mengele International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

38 Emil Kaschub International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

39 Inflammation, suppurating sores, and abscesses resulting from Emil Kaschub’s experiments (photograph preserved by prisoners assigned to the Gestapo camp photo studio, the Erkennungsdienst). APMAB, Neg. No Emil Kaschub International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

40 Inflammation, suppurating sores, and abscesses resulting from Emil Kaschub’s experiments (photograph preserved by prisoners assigned to the Gestapo camp photo studio, the Erkennungsdienst). APMAB, Neg. No Emil Kaschub International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

41 Eduard Wirths International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

42 Eduard Wirths APMAB, Neg. No International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

43 Helmut Vetter International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

44 Helmut Vetter International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

45 Preparation Be-1034, produced by Bayer, tested by SS doctors on prisoners suffering from contagious diseases. APMAB, Neg. No Helmut Vetter International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

46 Fever chart of Władysław Giżewski, prisoner number , subjected to pharmacological experimentation while suffering from typhus. APMAB, Micr. No. 162/8. Helmut Vetter International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

47 Johann Paul Kremer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

48 Johann Paul Kremer APMAB, Neg. No Johann Paul Kremer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

49 No. 1 A page from Kremer’s diary with entries from the period when he was Auschwitz camp physician. Some of the entries describe his participation in “special actions” (selection) and experiments that he was interested in. Source: Jadwiga Bezwińska and Danuta Czech (eds.), KL Auschwitz Seen by the SS, Oświęcim, 2007, pp. 161–163. Johann Paul Kremer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

50 August Hirt International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

51 August Hirt APMAB, Neg. No /80 August Hirt International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

52 Letter from SS-Standartenführer Wolfram Sievers, secretary general of the Ahnenerbe (Ancestral Heritage) Society to SS-Obersturmführer Dr. Brandt, concerning 150 skeletons of Jews from the Auschwitz concentration camp. APMAB, Neg. No. 227/25. August Hirt International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

53 Letter (confidential note) of November 6, 1942, from Rudolf Brandt to RSHA Office B-4 (Jewish deportation) and the Ahnenerbe (Ancestral Heritage) agency on permission for Prof. Hirt to assemble a collection of skeletons. APMAB, Micr. No. 227/26. August Hirt International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

54 Letter from SS-Standartenführer Wolfram Siebers addressed personally to SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann, informing him about the choosing of 115 Auschwitz prisoners by SS-Hauptsturmführer Dr. Bruno Beger. The prisoners, destined for Hirt’s collection of skeletons, were to be transferred to the concentration camp in Natzweiler and, following examination, put to death. APMAB, Micr. No. 350/13. August Hirt International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

55 Kurt Heissmeyer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

56 Jaquelin Morgenstern The photograph was taken in Paris when Jaquelin was 7. Reproduced from a photograph provided by KZ Gedenkstätte Neuengamme Kurt Heissmeyer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

57 Ruchla Zylberberg The photograph was taken just before the German occupation of Poland. Reproduced from a photograph provided by KZ Gedenkstätte Neuengamme Kurt Heissmeyer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

58 Mark James Photograph taken in Neuengamme Concentration Camp. Reproduced from a photograph provided by KZ Gedenkstätte Neuengamme. Kurt Heissmeyer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

59 Marek Steinbaum Photograph taken in Neuengamme Concentration Camp. Reproduced from a photograph provided by KZ Gedenkstätte Neuengamme. Kurt Heissmeyer International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

60 Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

61 Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies DIEM RUDOLF camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en

62 FEJKIEL WŁADYSŁAW camp number 5647 International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

63 FIDERKIEWICZ ALFRED camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

64 GŁOWA STANISŁAW camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

65 KŁODZIŃSKI STANISŁAW camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

66 KOPYT TADEUSZ camp number 2151 International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

67 STAPF ADAM camp number 3704 International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

68 TONDOS WŁADYSŁAW camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

69 WARSZAWSKA-PIEKUT ELŻBIETA, pseudonim: „Jaskółka” camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

70 WITEK STANISŁAW camp number 9355 International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies

71 WOYCICKI ALFRED camp number International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust ul. Więźniów Oświęcimia 20, Oświęcim tel , fax www. auschwitz.org.en Photographs of the Authors of Memoirs, Accounts, and Testimonies


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