Presentation on theme: "Учебная Презентация Смирнова Вера Анатольевна учитель английского языка Гиназия № 631 2014."— Presentation transcript:
Учебная Презентация Смирнова Вера Анатольевна учитель английского языка Гиназия № 631 2014
Blitz-German for lightning - was used by the British press to describe the heavy bombing raids carried out over Britain in 1940 -1941. 29 December 1940 marked one of the fiercest bombing raids of the Blitz - it caused what became known as the Second Great Fire of London. The raids killed 43,000 civilians and lasted for eight months, petering out when Hitler began to focus on his plans for Russian invasion
Cenotaph St. Paul’s Cathedral War Imperial Museum Statue of W. Churchill Grave of the Unknown Soldier
Visitors in search of the city as it was in wartime can find no better place to begin their quest than the Imperial War Museum. The museum dedicated to the dissemination of knowledge about mankind’s worst folly is housed in a former mental institution. The displays focus not only on the horrors and heroics of the war but also on effects of modern warfare upon society. The Blitz Experience, a reconstruction of an air raid shelter and bombed streets, stirs the consciousness with the terrible sights, sounds and smells of the city under attack.
Cenotaph Every November 11 th the Cenotaph becomes the focus of Britain's Remembrance Service. The service commemorates the British Empire and Commonwealth servicemen who died in the two World Wars. The monarch, representatives of the Church, State, the armed forces, all gather to pay respect to those who lost their lives defending the freedom of others. The memorial was designed by Edward Lutyens, and unveiled in 1920. The inscription simply reads "The Glorious Dead".
Remembrance Service On the 11 November at 11am each year, a Remembrance Service is held at the Cenotaph. The monarch, religious leaders, politicians, representatives of state and the armed forces, gather to pay respect to those who gave their lives defending others. Hymns are sung, prayers are said and a two minute silence is observed. Official wreaths are laid on the steps of the Cenotaph. The ceremony ends with a march past of war veterans; a poignant gesture of respect for their fallen comrades.
Statue of Winston Churchill Behind the Abbey in Parliament Square stands a statue of Winston Churchill by Roberts-Jones. The Prime Minister’s likeness faces the Palace of Westminster. The palace was badly damaged during the Blitz. The Luftwaffe scored a direct hit on the debating chambers of the House of Commons. It was there that Sir Winston delivered some of his finest orations, first as a lonely back bench opponent of the appeasers and later as His Majesty’s first minister from May 1940 to June 1945.
The Grave of the Unknown Warrior remains a focus for pilgrimage and a powerful symbol, known across the world, of the sacrifice, suffering and bravery brought by war. Heads of State who visit the UK at the invitation of the monarch come during their stay as part of their formal programme to lay a wreath at the Warrior’s Grave. The Grave was also at the heart of an emotional service in the Abbey last year to mark the passing of the World War One Generation.
St. Paul’s Cathedral The Great Fire of 1666 consumed the old Saint Paul’s Cathedral. Another "Great Fire" was started by German incendiary bombs on December 29, 1940. The cathedral became a symbol of London’s perseverance as Churchill became its human embodiment. It was the site of Sir Winston’s funeral in 1965. The cathedral’s High Altar is a memorial from the British people to the Commonwealth forces who died in the World Wars. The American Memorial Chapel was designed as a British tribute to the 28,000 Americans who lost their lives in the Second World War. The chapel houses the Roll of Honor, which was presented to Saint Paul’s in 1951 by General Eisenhower.
1. How many separate official evacuations were there during the war? 1 3 15 2. Children's gas masks were produced in bright colours to encourage younger children to wear them. These special gas masks were named after a famous cartoon character. Who was it? Donald Duck Mickey Mouse Goofy 3. How many London homes were destroyed in the Blitz of 1940-41? 800,000 1.1 million 1.4 million Wartime London Quiz
4. How many people a night sheltered in the Underground during the air raids of the Second World War? Up to 60,000 Up to 100,000 Up to 1.5 million 5. What does ARP stand for? Air Raid Precautions Air Raid Protectors Air Raid Provocateurs 6. How many children left London in the first four days of the September 1939 evacuation? 350,000 550,000 670,000
Wartime London Quiz 7. How many consecutive nights of bombing were there during the Blitz of 1940-41? 17 57 84 8. This children's book gave London's barrage balloons a friendly face. But what were barrage balloons for? Protecting against dive- bombers Monitoring the weather Marking important buildings
In which picture can you see St. Paul’s Cathedral?
The Cenotaph The Women of WWII Memorial The Imperial War Museum Match Pictures with Their Names
The Blitz Memorial The RAF Memorial The Animals in War Memorial Match Pictures with Their Names