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Welcome to the Lobby Winston Churchill as a Child Winston Churchill’s Life Collapse of the Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain Museum of Winston Churchill and.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to the Lobby Winston Churchill as a Child Winston Churchill’s Life Collapse of the Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain Museum of Winston Churchill and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome to the Lobby Winston Churchill as a Child Winston Churchill’s Life Collapse of the Iron Curtain The Iron Curtain Museum of Winston Churchill and the Iron Curtain Visit the Curator Visit the Curator

2 Name of Museum My name is Amrutha Amarnath. I am 12 years old. My favorite colors are aqua and purple. Back to Lobby Museum of Winston Churchill and the Iron Curtain

3 Name of Museum Museum of Winston Churchill and the Iron Curtain

4 Name of Museum Museum of Winston Churchill and the Iron Curtain

5 Name of Museum Museum of Winston Churchill and the Iron Curtain

6 Name of Museum Museum of Winston Churchill and the Iron Curtain

7 Name of Museum Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was born to a wealthy family in England. He had one younger brother named John and both were very rebellious. Winston Churchill became Prime Minister but was also very artistic and loved to write and paint. He also was married and had five kids. Back to Lobby

8 Name of Museum Winston Churchill was born to very wealthy aristocrats. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill was a politician who held high offices in British government. Winston’s mom was Jeanette (Jennie) Jerome, but was usually referred to as Lady Randolph. Winston Churchill also had a younger brother named John Strange Spencer-Churchill. As a child, the two brothers were not close to each other or their parents, as his parents were always away or busy, so they became very close to their nanny. Back to Room 1

9 Name of Museum Winston Churchill was born in Oxfordshire, England in a room of a palace called Blenheim Palace. He was born on November 30, 1874. At the age of two, he moved to Dublin, where he lived until age six. This is where his younger brother was soon born. Back to Room 1

10 Name of Museum Winston Churchill’s first exposure to education was when he was in Dublin. A governess there tried to teach him a variety of subjects, but Churchill hated it. Even afterwards, Churchill was very rebellious and always had a poor academic record in school. He attended three schools: St. George’s School, Brunswick School, and Harrow School. Afterwards, with great difficulty he got into the Royal Military College. The picture above shows his school records from St. George’s School. Back to Room 1

11 Name of Museum Back to Room 2 At the start of World War II, Churchill was named as the First Lord of the Admiralty in command of the Royal Navy. The current Prime Minister, Chamberlain wanted to appease Germany and Hitler but Churchill was confident that it was a bad idea. Chamberlain did not succeed and resigned. On May 10, 1940, Churchill became the new Prime Minister of Britain.

12 Name of Museum Outside of being a powerful leader, Churchill also enjoyed painting and writing. He is know for his impressionist scenes of landscapes including “Winter Sunshine”, the painting shown above. Winston Churchill also wrote one novel, two biographies, and three volumes of memoirs. Two of his famous writings are “The Second World War” and “A History of the English-Speaking Peoples”. Back to Room 2

13 Name of Museum Winston Churchill got married to Clementine Hozier on September 12, 1908. They had five children: Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold, and Mary. Marigold however died before he turned three. In the later years if his life, Churchill had many health problems and a series of strokes. He died on Jan 24, 1965 at age 90. He died exactly 70 years after his father did. Back to Room 2

14 Name of Museum The Iron Curtain was an invisible barrier that separated countries in Europe. The countries on this map were mainly split up because of their conflicting ideas abut capitalism and communism. This map shows where the Iron Curtain was and what countries were on either side of the curtain. East Germany, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Bosnia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and the Soviet Union were on the eastern side of the Iron Curtain. On the western side there was France, Portugal, Italy, Turkey, Ireland, UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Belgium, Austria, Netherlands. Back to Room 3

15 Name of Museum Back to Room 3 The name “Iron Curtain” came from Winston Churchill who made a speech on March 5, 1946 at Westminster College to 40,000 people. He said "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.“. The speech changed the way the democratic West viewed the Communist East. However there are contradicting ideas whether he came up with the name or if people had referred to it as the Iron Curtain before. It was called the Iron Curtain because it divided the countries. It wasn’t called the Iron Wall because a wall would imply that it was permanent. Back to Room 3

16 Name of Museum Back to Room 3 The Berlin Wall was a wall that was built by Germany on August 13, 1961. It was built to reinforce the idea of the Iron Curtain. It was also built to separate West Berlin from East Germany and East Berlin and their fascist elements. For this reason the Berlin Wall was also referred to as the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart. Many people tried to escape by climbing over this wall and the Berlin Wall was often vandalized.

17 Name of Museum Back to Room 4 The Arms Race was a rivalry between the USA the Soviet Union, and their allies to see who could accumulate the most weapons. All though the two countries didn’t use these weapons against each other, it was seen as a mark of wealth and power. The two countries spent a lot of money on these weapons, and the Soviet Union soon became bankrupt due to this. This was one of the reasons for the collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989.

18 Name of Museum Back to Room 4 China was invaded by the Russians towards the end of the Cold War. With the assistance of Japan, they retaliated and bombed Russia. After the bombing, Russia surrendered and they tore down the Berlin Wall. This signified the collapse of the Iron Curtain.

19 Name of Museum In Eastern Europe, many citizens wanted more personal rights and freedoms. Due to this, they started overthrowing the government and started replacing it with Republics. After this, the Communists/USSR became much weaker. Soon, the Republic government ended the power of the Communist party even in the Soviet Union. Back to Room 4


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