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Section 1: The Postwar Era Section 2: Postwar Prosperity Crumbles

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Presentation on theme: "Section 1: The Postwar Era Section 2: Postwar Prosperity Crumbles"— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 1: The Postwar Era Section 2: Postwar Prosperity Crumbles
CHAPTER 28 The Great Depression and the Rise of Totalitarianism Section 1: The Postwar Era Section 2: Postwar Prosperity Crumbles Section 3: Political Tensions After World War I Section 4: Fascist Dictatorships in Italy and Germany Section 5: Dictatorship in the Soviet Union

2 SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Question: What were some developments in science and art in the post World War I era?

3 Science and Art in the Postwar Era
SECTION 1 The Postwar Era Science and Art in the Postwar Era Causes Effect Freudian psychology helped people understand the devastation of World War I combined conscious and unconscious to portray life in a dreamlike way surrealism functionalism buildings designed for particular use instead of following style

4 Question: What economic weaknesses led to the Great Depression?
SECTION 2 Postwar Prosperity Crumbles Question: What economic weaknesses led to the Great Depression?

5 Postwar Prosperity Crumbles
SECTION 2 Postwar Prosperity Crumbles easy credit buying stocks high stock prices panic selling of stocks stock market crash run on the banks bank closures financial ruin for many defensive international trading practices worldwide bank failures global depression

6 Question: What problems did the war cause in postwar France? SECTION 3
Israel and the Occupied Territories Political Tensions After World War I Question: What problems did the war cause in postwar France?

7 Political Tensions After World War I
SECTION 3 Political Tensions After World War I war debt France: World War I physical destruction defense costs

8 Question: Why did people embrace totalitarianism? SECTION 4
Fascist Dictatorships in Italy and Germany Question: Why did people embrace totalitarianism?

9 Reasons People Embraced Totalitarianism
SECTION 4 Fascist Dictatorships in Italy and Germany Reasons People Embraced Totalitarianism Italy Germany international turmoil international turmoil weak government weak government crippled economy crippled economy dreams of former glory dreams of former glory restoration of order restoration of order Mussolini Hitler

10 SECTION 5 Dictatorship in the Soviet Union Question: What were some of the problems faced by the new Soviet Union?

11 Problems of the New Soviet Union
SECTION 5 Dictatorship in the Soviet Union Problems of the New Soviet Union Attempted Solution Problem Results near economic collapse in 1921 Lenin’s New Economic Policy allowed some free enterprise moderately successful agriculture collective farms failed: famine resulted power struggle between Trotsky and Stalin savage and brutal competition Stalin emerged as victor little economic growth Stalin’s first Five-Year Plan succeeded in reviving industry somewhat no increase in consumer goods or food second Five-Year Plan industry continued growing, but the people starved

12 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 28
1. Why did western European nations and the United States fail to respond to Germany’s violations of the Treaty of Versailles? 2. How did Hitler use Germany’s democratic system to gain control over the country? 3. How did the work of Freud and Einstein influence culture during the 1920s?


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