Presentation on theme: "Section 1: The Postwar Era Section 2: Postwar Prosperity Crumbles"— Presentation transcript:
1Section 1: The Postwar Era Section 2: Postwar Prosperity Crumbles CHAPTER 28The Great Depression and the Rise of TotalitarianismSection 1: The Postwar EraSection 2: Postwar Prosperity CrumblesSection 3: Political Tensions After World War ISection 4: Fascist Dictatorships in Italy and GermanySection 5: Dictatorship in the Soviet Union
2SECTION 1The Postwar EraQuestion:What were some developments in science and art in the post World War I era?
3Science and Art in the Postwar Era SECTION 1The Postwar EraScience and Art in the Postwar EraCausesEffectFreudian psychologyhelped people understand the devastation of World War Icombined conscious and unconscious to portray life in a dreamlike waysurrealismfunctionalismbuildings designed for particular use instead of following style
4Question: What economic weaknesses led to the Great Depression? SECTION 2Postwar Prosperity CrumblesQuestion:What economic weaknesses led to the Great Depression?
5Postwar Prosperity Crumbles SECTION 2Postwar Prosperity Crumbleseasy creditbuying stockshigh stock pricespanic selling of stocksstock market crashrun on the banksbank closuresfinancial ruin for manydefensive international trading practicesworldwide bank failuresglobal depression
6Question: What problems did the war cause in postwar France? SECTION 3 Israel and the Occupied TerritoriesPolitical Tensions After World War IQuestion:What problems did the war cause in postwar France?
7Political Tensions After World War I SECTION 3Political Tensions After World War Iwar debtFrance: World War Iphysical destructiondefense costs
8Question: Why did people embrace totalitarianism? SECTION 4 Fascist Dictatorships in Italy and GermanyQuestion:Why did people embrace totalitarianism?
9Reasons People Embraced Totalitarianism SECTION 4Fascist Dictatorships in Italy and GermanyReasons People Embraced TotalitarianismItalyGermanyinternational turmoilinternational turmoilweak governmentweak governmentcrippled economycrippled economydreams of former glorydreams of former gloryrestoration of orderrestoration of orderMussoliniHitler
10SECTION 5Dictatorship in the Soviet UnionQuestion:What were some of the problems faced by the new Soviet Union?
11Problems of the New Soviet Union SECTION 5Dictatorship in the Soviet UnionProblems of the New Soviet UnionAttempted SolutionProblemResultsnear economic collapse in 1921Lenin’s New Economic Policy allowed some free enterprisemoderately successfulagriculturecollective farmsfailed: famine resultedpower struggle between Trotsky and Stalinsavage and brutal competitionStalin emerged as victorlittle economic growthStalin’s first Five-Year Plansucceeded in reviving industry somewhatno increase in consumer goods or foodsecond Five-Year Planindustry continued growing, but the people starved
12Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 28 1. Why did western European nations and the United States fail to respond to Germany’s violations of the Treaty of Versailles?2. How did Hitler use Germany’s democratic system to gain control over the country?3. How did the work of Freud and Einstein influence culture during the 1920s?