Failure of League of Nations League of Nations used policy of APPEASEMENT ▫What is appeasement? ▫Giving in in hopes that the aggressor will stop Examples: ▫Allowing Japan’s invasion of China to go unpunished ▫Allowing Italy’s colonization of Ethiopia to go unpunished… and…
Japanese Expansionism In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria for raw materials; breaking Treaty of Versailles and treaty with the US The same year, Japan began to attack China, with full-scale war breaking out in 1937 in the Sino-Japanese War.
Munich Conference Hitler wants Sudetenland but takes all of Czechoslovakia. He was given permission to take Sudetenland through the Munich Agreement orchestrated by GB Prime Minister Chamberlain…known as the APPEASEMENT POLICY Stalin not invited…not trusted by westerners…he was annoyed
Appeasement Who is sitting in a circle? Who seems to be left out? How do you think the one left out feels?
Hitler wants Poland Hitler wants to unite all German people displaced by Treaty of Versailles ▫Therefore wants to take the Polish Corridor GB and France pledge to defend Poland…so Hitler seeks an ally…Stalin
Non-Aggression Pact Hitler seeks friendly agreement with Stalin 1.Not to fight one another 2.Split Poland Stalin agrees…due to USSR slighted by the Munich Conference
Hitler Invades France Through BELGIUM…sound familiar Pushes through the Maginot Line with not problem…it was a trench system French pushed to the Atlantic coast … many saved by British naval aid; Battle of Dunkirk, but not enough France eventually falls to Germany
Battle of Britain-July 1940-Jan 1941 Hitler needs to take GB to win the war GOAL: air raids to eventual amphibious invasion Air raids never weaken GB enough…Hitler’s plan ruined ▫Ultra ▫Radar Winston Churchill states, “Never was so much owed by so many to so few”
Hitler Invades Soviet Union Hitler breaks Non-aggression Pact in June, 1941 and invades USSR Invades and controls Balkan States and most of Eastern Europe before invading USSR Hitler wants USSR to create more living space or “lebensraum” for his Aryan race…and wanted to eradicate more Jews
US and Japan President Roosevelt’s embargo on Japan put tremendous stress on the Japanese war machine Japan decides to seek revenge on US…thus the bombing of Pearl Harbor Early Sunday, Dec 7, 1941 Japanese successfully attack the US Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii US declares war on Japan and its Axis Allies ▫“…a date which will live in infamy”
Allies vs. Axis Powers-Dec 1941 Great Britain Soviet Union United States France Germany Italy Japan
Axis Lose in North Africa The German tank commander Erwin Rommel, “Desert Fox” meets his match in El Alamein in North Africa. Allies win North Africa gaining control of important oil supplies Allies also have easier access into Italy
Battle of Stalingrad – August 1942 Germans losing in USSR and try to take industrial city of Stalingrad Germans lured into city and then surrounded by Soviet army…Germans forced to surrender due to lack of supplies and the RUSSIAN WINTER Soviet begin to push the Germans out of USSR
Italy Falls to Allies Mussolini slowing losing control of Italy ▫People question his role in WWII ▫Economy weakening ▫People losing faith in fascist ruler Allies invade through Sicily, Mussolini flees to the hills, and people quickly surrender to Allies-Sept 1943 & join Allies Mussolini will be later be executed by his own people
Execution of Mussolini Caught by Italians he was shot and then hung in the Piazza in Milan
D-Day –June 6, 1944 Operation Overlord GOAL: Liberate France ▫August 25, 1944 US, GB, Canadian troops Landed on the beaches of Normandy, France-fooled Germans…expected them to land in Calais. Included: ▫3000 landing crafts ▫2500 other ships ▫500 naval vessels ▫13,000 air craft 2500 Allies lost 20,000 Germans lost by August
Germany Falls With the Allies moving in on Germany from East and West…Germany in another 2 front war. Russia invades Berlin in April 20, 1945 Hitler commits suicide April 30 Germany surrenders May 7, 1945 V-E Day!!