2Anne Frank and the Holocaust The purpose of this virtual field trip is to learn about the Nazis, the Holocaust, and the life of Anne Frank. The students will compare Anne Frank’s story with the Freedom Writers and with themselves.
3The Holocaust Click on the website of the United States Holocaust Memorial MuseumClick on Holocaust Encyclopedia (under Holocaust History on the left)Under “The Holocaust”, click on “The Holocaust”.1. Give a definitionof the Holocaust.Prewar photograph of three Jewishchildren with their babysitter.Two of the children perished in 1942.Warsaw, Poland,
5Hitler and the NazisHitler rose to power in the 1930s and became a dictator in Germany. Germans lost their civil rights. Later, Hitler invaded Poland and started WWII.World War II in EuropeOn September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, initiating World War II.Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on September 3.
6Nazi PropagandaClick on the exhibit on Nazi propagandaHitler and the Nazis used propaganda to sway millions of people to agree with their vision.
7Nazi Propoganda On this same website on propaganda, go to “Timeline”. 2. What happened on January 30th, 1933?3. What happened on May 10th, 1933?4. What happened on September 20th, 1939?5. What happened on May 20th, 1940?6. What happened from July 22nd –Sept. 12th, 1942?7. What happened on Sept. 2nd, 1945?
8Nazi Propaganda Click on “Themes” 8. What are the seven themes of propaganda to explore? List each one and give one fact about each one.
9Nazi Propaganda Click on “Gallery” and look at the pictures. 9.Describe five of the photos.10. What are the Nazis trying to do by showing these photos?
10Jewish Ghettos Click on this website: and learn about the Jewish Ghettos. The Germans forced the Jewish people to live in designated areas. Their living conditions were horrible.11. When were the ghettos established?12. What happened to the Jewish people when the ghettos were destroyed?Moving into the Krakow ghetto
11Concentration CampsGo to13. What were the concentration camps?14. How many were there?15. How many victims were there?Deportation from the Westerborktransit camp. The Netherlands,
12Forced LaborMillions of people were forced to work under horrific conditions.Many of the prisoners were sick and starving.
13Gassing OperationsGo to16. What did the Nazis do with gas?Casting of Majdanek gas chamber door
14Killing Centers 17. What were killing centers called? Hairbrushes of victims,found soon after theliberation of Auschwitz.Poland, after January 27, 1945.
15Victims of the NazisThe victims were not just Jewish people. They were:The Roma (Gypsies)People with disabilitiesPolesSoviet prisoners of warAfro-GermansJehovah’s WitnessesHomosexualsNon-conformistsRacial threatsAnyone who spoke against themSoviet prisoners ofwar in the Mauthausenconcentration camp.Austria, January 1942.
16VictimsRomani (Gypsy) prisoners line up for roll call in the Dachau concentration camp. Germany, June 20, 1938.
17VictimsAn author and actor who was imprisoned in 1937 for 27 months for homosexuality. In 1942, he was deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp where he was a prisoner for three years. Berlin, Germany, before 1937.
18Victims Two young brothers, seated for a family photograph in the Kovno ghetto. One month later, they were deported to the Majdanek camp.Kovno, Lithuania, February 1944.
19VictimsGo to18. Why did the Nazis kill children? Give at least two reasons.Two young cousins shortly beforethey were smuggled out of the Kovno ghetto.A Lithuanian family hid the children and bothgirls survived the war. Kovno, Lithuania, August 1943.
20Liberation of Concentration Camps Go to19. What was the name of the largest concentration camp?20. Who freed the prisoners in the concentration camps?
22Anne FrankGo to this Website titled the Anne Frank House Click on “Childhood 1. Where and when was she born?
23Anne Frank In HidingClick on “In Hiding” on the same website 2. 2.Describe her hiding place.
24Anne Frank: Betrayed Click on “Betrayed” on the same website. 3. What does Otto Frank say about the day the family was discovered by the Nazis?
25Anne Frank’s Diary Click on “Anne Frank’s Diary” 4. Write down how Otto Frank, Anne’s father, found out about the fate of his daughters.Picture of Otto Frank andhis helpers.
26Anne Frank: the Unfinished Story Go to this website:Launch the exhibit and answer the questions:5.When was Anne’s diary published for the first time?Anne Frank’s 3rd Diary Notebook
27Anne’s Writings Go to “Anne’s Writings” 6. What title did Anne give to her writings?
28First Entries 7. What does she write about in the first entries? Anne Frank ice skating
29Jews8.Name 5 things that Jews were not allowed to do according to the Nazis.
30Anne’s Writings 9.What genre of writings did Anne write? Anne Frank’s First Diary
31Last Entries10.When was the last entry written and what was it about?
32One of the Last Photos of Anne Frank 11. Write a paragraph stating your opinion regarding the actions of the Nazis.Write a paragraph stating your thoughts on Anne Frank.Make comparisons to your own life.