Presentation on theme: "Ultranationalism: Absolute Evil Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ultranationalism: Absolute Evil Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin
2 Joseph Stalin's Rise to Power Russia is in absolute poverty during World War 1 and goes through a Revolution where they murder the entire royal family and the people take control led by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph StalinLenin quickly takes power, ends world war 1 with the Germans and tries his best to rebuild his country.Lenin dies and Stalin murders all other possible leaders and takes control over the country.
3 Stalin institutes Totalitarian rule and Command Economy Stalin institutes Totalitarian rule and Command Economy. This is known as CommunismStalin’s economic policies involved total statecontrol.Command Economy – a system in which the government makes all economic decisions.Under this system, political leaders identify the country’s economic needs and determine how to fulfill them.Country would take drastic steps to promote rapid industrial growth and to strengthen national defense.
4 Rapid Growth and Collective Farms It created collective farms – large government owned farms that each had hundreds of workers producing food for the state.Stalin used terror and violence to force peasants to work on the collective farms (between 5 to 10 million peasants were killed).The police destroyed churches and synagogues; also killed leaders of all faiths or sent them to labor camps.The government controlled all education – nursery to university.Students learned the virtues of communism and evils of capitalismRapid Industrial Growth, Rapid Rail Road production and limited consumer goods.
5 CONTROL METHODS Police Terror –monitored telephone lines, read mail, planted spies, and arrested/executed millions of traitorsThe Great Purge (a campaign of terror)It was directed at eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin’s power.Estimate – killed 8 to 60 million peopleCensorship-Stalin would not tolerate individual creativity; wanted conformity and obedience of citizens.-Government controlled all media (newspapers, movies, etc.)
6 Adolf Hitler’s Rise to Power In 1928 Hitler’s Nazi Party were a small, insignificant party. They were viewed as little more than thugs. However By 1933 Hitler was the chancellor of Germany and The Nazi’s had risen from obscurity to total power.
7 Factors that led to Germany’s Downfall Effective use of PropagandaForce used against opponentsWide ranging populist policiesVisible strength at a time of weaknessThe Wall Street CrashEconomic instabilityFailure of the Government to cope with problemsWeakness of the constitutionEnd of US Aid
8 Rise of Hitler Factors Hitler’s manipulation of situation Public desire for order and strengthPoliticians naivety in dealing with HitlerFear of communismLead toRise of National SocialismInstability of government
9 How were the Nazi’s able to achieve this so quickly? The economic situation was very badHitler was a great public speakerThe SA and SS disrupted he work of political opponentsThe Nazi’s were well funded by business menThe other political parties wouldn’t work togetherGoebbel’s propaganda was effectiveThe Nazi’s targeted certain groups of the electoratePeople didn’t want a return to the hyperinflation of
10 How did Hitler consolidate power? The Reichstag FireCreates a climate that Hitler can manipulate for his on endsThe Enabling ActHitler uses Article 48 to create a State of Emergency. The act effectively ends democracy in Germany.The Night of the Long KnivesOpposition from within the party is removed: violently. The SA is ‘purged’.Hitler used his position, and the frailties and subsequent death of Hindendburg, to engineer a Nazi take over of government. He makes use of Article 48 to legitimise the end of democracy before radically altering the structure of government. Soon opposition is banned and Germany has a one party state. Pressure groups, such as Trade unions, are also banned. This Nazi ‘Revolution’ is secured as a result of the removal of all possible threats to nazi rule: the SA, the army and political parties are all ‘dealt with’ by the end of 1934.