Presentation on theme: "mid-1920s with the worldwide overproduction of farm products resulting lower prices and profits for farmers. October, 1929 the U.S. stock market “crashed,”"— Presentation transcript:
mid-1920s with the worldwide overproduction of farm products resulting lower prices and profits for farmers. October, 1929 the U.S. stock market “crashed,” investors panicked, pulled their money out of Europe, World Wide sold their U.S. stocks at cut-rate prices, banks closed, industry declined, unemployment & numbers of homeless
Lost Faith in Democracy Discouraged masses began following dictatorial political leaders who offered “simple solutions” to problems. Germany- Weimar Republic collapsed Totalitarianism rose
How does a bad economy allow dictators to rise to power?
Benito Mussolini became dictator of Italy as head of the Fascist Party pro-militarism, one-party rule, single leader, patriotic and nationalistic
Mussolini formed bands of armed Fascists (squadristi, Blackshirts) to attack Socialist Groups Extreme Right Wing Middle class industrialists & large landowners supported Mussolini.
Fascists threatened to march on Rome, so King Victor Emmanual III made Mussolini the prime minister. “Il Duce” created a dictatorship that suspended freedom of the press, made laws by decree, had one-party rule, gave police unrestricted authority
fascist youth groups was to create a new generation fit, disciplined and militaristic. Schools pushed propaganda. traditional roles of women as homemakers and mothers.
Lateran Accords = Catholicism as theofficial state religion. In return the pope urged Italians to support the Fascists.
After Lenin Death 1924 power struggle between Trotsky and Stalin Stalin Takes power in 1928
1928 started first Five-Year Plan (economic goals for five-year periods.) It emphasized maximum production of arms, capital goods, oil & steel production.
quest for power and paranoid personality led him to remove all opponents Eight million Russians were arrested forced to confess sent to labor camps (gulags) and/or executed.
Write 2 similarities and differences between Stalin and Mussolini
He was an ultra-nationalist (German “master race of Aryans”), anti-Semitic racist, anti- communist, militaristand expansionist Gifted orator who effectively used the political party, propaganda and terror.
Early uprising crushed Hitler was imprisoned, wrote Mein Kampf, which explained the Social Darwinian theory of struggle and the right of Germans to lebensraum(living space).
After prison, he greatly expanded his party’s membership throughout Germany. By 1932, the Nazis were largestpolitical party in the Reichstag. Unemployment and depression made extremists more popular. Right-wing elites looked to Hitler.
What allowed Hitler to take full power legally?
1933, Pres Hindenburg appointed Hitler as chancellor. Reichstag building was burned and a communist blamed. “legal seizure”of govt. with Enabling Act. Government jobs were purged of Jews and communists. Concentration camps created for opponents
Hindenburg died in 1934, presidency abolished & Hitler became dictator. Public required to pledge total loyalty to him as “Fuhrer.” Nazi goal was create a totalitarian Aryan racial state of the Third Reich
Nuremberg Laws excluded Jews from German citizenship, from marriage to Gentiles and were required towear yellow Stars of David.
burned synagogues, destroyed Jewish businesses, Jews were barred from public transportation, buildings, schools, hospitals & prohibited from owning or working in stores.
Why did Hitler start promoting anti-Semitic views as opposed to going straight into the Holocaust
1935 creation of the Luftwaffe (air force), thedraft and expansion of the army from 100,000 to 550,000 troops. sent troops into the demilitarizedRhineland. Britain began policy of appeasement. League of Nations weak failed to enforce restrictions of Versailles
In 1935, he invaded Ethiopia & was condemnedby Western powers, LoN does nothing
What are some things that made the L o N so weak?
In 1936, Germany & Italy helped Francisco Franco win Spanish Civil War and started an alliance, the Rome- Berlin Axis.
General Francisco Franco overthrew the republican govt. w. the help of the fascist regimes of Italy & Germany and set up a dictatorship which supported clergy and the rich. The Soviets and international volunteers unsuccessfully aided the republicans.
(Review) Spain became testing ground for new weapons & strategies of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force.) Pablo Picasso’s painting of “Guernica” reflected the suffering caused by the bombings.
In 1938, Hitler forced the Austrian chancellor to put Nazis in power. New govt. “invited” German troops in &Hitler annexed Austria
Hitler demanded the Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia.) Given this land by Western Nations appeased Hitler in return for his promise to not make more demands. British PM Neville Chamberlain called it “peace for our time.” 1939, Hitler took Western Czechoslovakia Eastern portion was turned into the “puppet state” of Slovakia
to Parliament after Czechoslovakia’s betrayal at the Munich Conference: “We are in the presence of a disaster of the first magnitude… And do not suppose that this is the end. This is only the beginning…”
What lands did Hitler take and how did he justify the taking of each?
After Hitler demanded port city of Danzig, Britain promised to protect new independent country of Polandfrom Nazi aggression.
Fearful of a two-front war, Hitler signed the peace alliance with USSR Stalin was promised control of east Poland and the Baltic states September 1, 1939 Hitler attacked Poland. Britain & Francedeclared war. WWII had begun!
September 1, 1939 Hitler attacked Poland. Britain & Francedeclared war. WWII had begun! https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resid=14FFB7FA0079C DF3!369&authkey=!AOPh91WNaZKzC3Q&ithint=vide o%2cmp4 https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resid=14FFB7FA0079C DF3!369&authkey=!AOPh91WNaZKzC3Q&ithint=vide o%2cmp4