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The Rise of Fascism in Europe
fascism a political philosophy based on nationalism and an all-powerful state
Benito Mussolini is credited as the founder of fascism in the 1920s. [Image source:
The word fasce comes from one of the symbols of authority of the Republic of Rome.
Mussolini imagined he could return Italy to the glory of the Roman empire days. [Image source:
Mussolini began by reasserting Italy’s control over Libya in North Africa. [Image source:
Italy next invaded Ethiopia in October [Image source: s/cur/Baker_00/03/baker-mc- 03/aby-map.jpg]
Emperor Haile Selassie addressed the League of Nations, but his appeal for aid fell on deaf ears.
Spain emerged as a central-front in the war to contain fascism.
Germany tested many of its new weapons in the Spanish Civil War. [Image source:
26 th April 1937 [Image source:
General Franco emerged as the victor in the Spanish Civil War ( ). [Image source:
Adolf Hitler first attempted to seize power in Bavaria, Germany through the abortive Munich Beer-hall Putsch of November 1923.
While in prison, Hitler dictated Mein Kampf to his associate Rudolf Hess.
Mein Kampf, published in 1925, was Adolf Hitler’s blueprint for what he planned to do once he became the leader of Germany.
Hitler came to power in Germany in [Image source:
President Paul von Hindenburg asked Hitler to become chancellor and organize a government.
Hitler became Chancellor 20 th January 1933.
Hitler quickly consolidated his power at the expense of both his allies and patrons, ultimately becoming der Fűhrer 19 th August 1934.
The burning of the Reischstag 27 th February 1933 allowed Hitler to seize power on the pretext of protecting Germany from threats to its security.
The Enabling Act of 23 rd March 1933 granted Hitler dictatorial powers.
The Nazi SA (Sturmabteilung) opened their first concentration camp near Berlin 12 th March 1933.
Boycotts of Jewish businesses commenced 1 st April 1933.
“The Grim Reaper” The Nation (April 1933) [Image source:
The Nazi’s burned books 10 th May 1933.
In an act of violent retribution known as the “Night of the Long Knives”, Hitler eliminated long-term, close associates of his, whom he feared, on 30 th June 1934.
The Nüremburg Race Laws stripped German Jews of their rights in [Image source:
Chart explaining the Nüremburg Race Laws of 15 th September 1935 [Image source:
Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles by re-introducing military conscription.
Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland 7 th March 1936.
Hitler hoped the 1936 Olympics in Berlin would showcase Aryan superiority.
American track stand-out Jesse Owens shattered Hitler’s claims of Aryan racial superiority.
Hossbach Memorandum Hossbach Memorandum 5 th November 1937
Hitler advocated uniting all Germans under one government.
In March 1938 Hitler announced the Anschlűss (union) of Germany and Austria.
Hitler next set his eyes on the German minority living in the Sudetenland of neighboring Czechoslovakia.
Well-intentioned European leaders, meeting in Munich, appeased Hitler and ceded-away part of sovereign-Czechoslovakian territory in the hope of preventing a European war.
Hitler marched into the Sudetenland 15 th October [Image source:
“We have peace in our time!” Great Britain’s Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
Hitler ended-up occupying the rest of Czechoslovakia in March [Image source:
Kristallnacht 9 th /10 th November 1938
Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression pact 23 rd August 1939.
[Image source: Many people today erroneously see a similarity between fascism’s drive to dominate the world and America’s desire to make the world safe from terrorism.
They perceive a threat to our individual liberties as emanating only from one of the two major political parties. [Image source:
Signs of fascism include “group- think”, where only certain ideas and perspectives are considered acceptable, and increasing government intrusion into daily life (regulation).
Disapproval of fascism is district curriculum and policy.
Beware the “cult of personality”.
The Great Depression to World War II:
WORLD WAR LOOMS John Naisbitt. SECTION 1: DICTATORS THREATEN WORLD PEACE For many European countries the end of World War I was the beginning of revolutions.
1 He served as the Soviet Unions first Commisar of war Trotsky The Bolsheviks controlled this part of Russia in the civil war The Heartland or center.
World War IIWorld War II: The Road to War
A World In Flames World War II. The Rise of Dictators After World War I it seemed as if Democracy was on the rise and that the peace would be long lasting.
Hitler’s Rise to Power THE STAGE IS SET. TAKEN BY SURPRISE “My sizing up of the man... is really one who truly loves his fellow-men, and his country and.
World War II: The Road to War ( ). Section 1: The Rise of Dictators Due to economic hardship, and bitterness from the terms of WWI resolution,
The Rise of Dictators Reading Focus How did the aftermath of World War I contribute to political problems in Europe? How did the problems facing Europe.
A Troubled Germany Economic despair & political instability Punishments of Treaty of Versailles High inflation = German “mark” has no value Failure of.
World War II Chapter 11 Part 1. Imperialism Nationalism Militarism Alliances Political Instability End of old order Disillusionment Resentment Economic.
Europe WW II Between the Wars Rise of the Axis 1919 – 1945 Western and Eastern Fronts.
Lesson Essential Question: Could WWII have been prevented?
1 The Road to World War II 2 January 1933: Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.
The Search for Peace ( ) A. The Legacy of the Great War 1.During WWI 8.5 million soldiers were killed. 2. The Treaty of Versailles in 1919 punished.
Dictatorship A system of government with centralized authority under a dictator. Usually involves terror, censorship, nationalism, and racism.
World War II Depression. Militarism. Quest for Empire.
U. S. History. THE RISE OF DICTATORS Europe after World War I: Conditions: millions of deaths, destruction of cities and farms, economy in ruins Treaty.
Aggressors Invade Nations. By the mid-1930s, Germany and Italy seemed bent on military conquest. Japan fell under military rule. The major democracies—Britain,
Dictators Threaten World Peace Ch Failures of WWI Peace Settlement The Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for starting WWI. Germany was stripped.
Allies and Axis Theaters of War Weimar Republic Treaty of Versailles League of Nations The Great Depression Anchluss Rhineland Re-armament.
The Rise of Totalitarianism and the Path to WWII.
WORLD WAR II WORLD WAR II BEGINS. Warm Up Rise of Dictators 1.Define collectivization: 2.What is the book called that Hitler wrote? 3.What is the “night.
World War II. 1. Europe and Asia Post-WWI Economic depression and social problems Deep feelings of nationalism Strong desire to expand & gain territory.
1 If you give Hitler a cookie Based on the children’s story: If you give a mouse a cookie.
World War II. Dimension 1 Who or How Many Parties are Involved WWII was truly global in scope Meaning it was a conflict that directly impacted all nations.
Tuesday 2/14/12 No RAP Arizona Quiz Finish O Brother Where Art Thou? Create illustrated vocabulary for WWII. Due Friday.
RISE OF DICTATORS. 1. Stalin’s Soviet Union a. Joseph Stalin i. Came to power after Lenin died in 1924 ii. Worked to turn the Soviet Union into a totalitarian.
Chapter 26 World War II. Section 1 The Rise of Dictators.
A World of Change The West Between the Wars Chapter 9 Section 1 CA Standards , , , Section 2 CA Standards , , ,
U.S. Foreign Policy and World War II Starts in Europe “When peace has been broken anywhere, the peace of all countries everywhere is in danger.”
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