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Warmup  “The Jews of Germany were not German patriots during the war, and although this will not appear a crime in the eyes of the nations who were.

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Presentation on theme: "Warmup  “The Jews of Germany were not German patriots during the war, and although this will not appear a crime in the eyes of the nations who were."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Warmup  “The Jews of Germany were not German patriots during the war, and although this will not appear a crime in the eyes of the nations who were opposed to Germany, it may throw some light on the Jew's assertion of patriotic loyalty to the land where he lives. Thoughtful Germans hold that it is impossible for a Jew to be a patriot…” Who said this?

4 Henry Ford  “The International Jew: The World’s Foremost Problem”  “I regard Henry Ford as my inspiration.” ◦ Hitler 1931  July 1938 – awarded ‘Grand Cross of the German Eagle’

5 Brief Biography  Born April 20 th, 1889 to Alois Schicklgruber and Klara Pölzl in Austria  Alois took name Hiedler of his uncle ◦ Spelled it Hitler  Klara was his niece ◦ 24 year age difference

6 Brief Biography  Father was violent and abusive  Hitler was a menacing child ◦ Played pranks ◦ Lead others in disorderly conduct  Fought with father over his future ◦ Hitler wanted to be an Artist  Father died at 13 ◦ Hitler free to do as he pleased

7  Dropped out of High School at age 16 ◦ Moved to Vienna - Heavily Anti-Semitic city ◦ Developed intense hatred for Jews  Failed painter ◦ Homeless at times  Deemed unfit to serve in Austrian army  Inherited money in 1913 ◦ Moved to Munich

8  Petitioned King of Bavaria to enter war ◦ Wounded during Battle of Somme ◦ Temporarily blinded by Mustard Gas in 1918 ◦ Received two Iron Cross awards for bravery  Hardens ardent German nationalism  Did not understand Germany’s surrender ◦ Versailles ◦ War Guilt Clause

9  Popular social theory many Germans believed led to WWI loss ◦ Military didn’t lose on battlefield ◦ Stabbed in the back at home  Unpatriotic citizens  War profiteers  Jews  Marxists  Civilian politicians  November Criminals

10 With an insufficient military, Germany could be blocked both by land and sea.

11 GERMANY INTRODUCES WEIMAR REPUBLIC KAISER WILLIAM II ABDICATES UNDER THREAT OF REVOLUTION. - NEW LEADERS SIGN ARMISTICE AND LATER TREATY OF VERSAILLES 1919, NEW GERMAN GOVERNMENT DRAFTS CONSTITUTION IN WEIMAR -CREATED DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT KNOWN AS THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC GOVERNMENT LED BY CHANCELLOR & REICHSTAG -BILL OF RIGHTS

12  Hitler still enlisted in army ◦ Attends meeting of DAP (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei)  German Workers Party  Hitler discharged in 1920 ◦ Joins DAP  Begins speaking out about November Criminals in public speeches

13 $1922 – The German Government stopped paying Reparations $ – Hyperinflation $Prices rose everyday and every hour $People began to exchange goods (barter)

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15 UNREST IN GERMANY GERMANS OF ALL CLASSES BLAMED THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE HATED VERSAILLES TREATY. MANY ACCUSED MARXISTS AND JEWS FOR AN IMAGINARY CONSPIRACY TO BETRAY GERMANY. OUT OF CONTROL INFLATION RIDICULOUS REPARATIONS PAYMENTS RECOVERY IS HELPED BY AMERICAN DAWES PLAN STOPPED BY GREAT DEPRESSION GERMANY LOOKS TO ENERGETIC LEADER NAMED ADOLF HITLER TO SAVE THEM

16 SUPPORT GROWS FOR NEW HITLER FEB ,000 PEOPLE LISTEN TO HITLER LAY OUT HIS IDEAS OF NEW GERMANY INCLUDING EXPELING JEWS HITLER READS “THE PROTOCOLS OF THE ELDERS OF ZION” ANTI SEMITIC BOOK FULL OF LIES ALLOWS HITLER TO BLAME JEWS FOR EVERYTHING

17  Popularity grows by 1921 ◦ Becomes sole leader of DAP  Renames it Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP) ◦ National Socialist German Workers Party ◦ Shortens nickname to NAZI ◦ Adopts Swastika as official party Emblem

18  Dates back 3,000 years  Sanskrit word meaning ‘to be good’ ◦ Often meant life, luck, strength, etc Southwest Cave DrawingArmy 45 th Infantry Division Patch

19  Storm Battalion (1921) (Storm Troopers) ◦ aka Brown Shirts  Created to: ◦ Protect Nazi Meetings ◦ Break up other groups meetings ◦ Terrorize Nazi opponents  Headed by Ernst Röhm

20  Hitler elects to overthrow government  Meeting in Bürgerbräukeller (Munich) ◦ Declares new government for Germany  At daybreak, Marches with SA on War Ministry to overthrow government  Fighting ensues ◦ 16 Nazi’s killed  Blutfahne – ‘Blood Flag’

21  Served 8 months  Writes Mein Kampf  Solidifies Anti-Semitic thought  Decides only way to gain power is by democratic means

22 Mein Kampf  Wanted to title it Four and a Half Years (of Fighting) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice  Part autobiography / part ideology  “The personification of the devil as the symbol of all evil assumes the living shape of the Jew.”

23 MEIN KAMPF “MY STRUGGLE” MAIN THEME WAS SOCIAL DARWINISM FELT GERMAN PEOPLE WERE RACIALLY SUPERIOR MASTER RACE OR ARYANS VIEWED JEWS AS A SEPARATE RACE

24  Hitler begins rebuilding the party  More fervent nationalism/anti-semitism ◦ Blames Jews for WWI loss and Versailles Treaty  1925 – Schutzstaffel (SS) created as Hitler’s bodyguard  1928 – 9 th largest party in Germany ◦ 15 seats in Reichstag ◦ Mainly butt of jokes

25  Increases rhetoric / popularity  Hitler vows to: ◦ Make Germany strong ◦ Not pay reparations ◦ Repudiate Versailles treaty ◦ Stamp out corruption ◦ Give every German bread and a job  1930 – Second largest party in Germany ◦ 107 seats in Reichstag >

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27  Feb Becomes a German citizen  Runs for President against Hindenburg ◦ April 10 th, 1932 ◦ Loses 53% to 37%  July 31 st, 1932 ◦ 230 seats in Reichstag ◦ Largest party in Germany

28  January 30 th, 1933 ◦ Appointed Chancellor  Suspends freedoms throughout Germany ◦ SA silences enemies

29  February 27 th, 1933 ◦ Blames communists ◦ Main opponent  Next day Hindenburg ◦ Limits liberty, expression, press, assembly, association ◦ Permits wire tapping ◦ Eliminates search warrants ◦ Restricts property ownership ◦ Allowed federal government to take over states

30  March 5, 1933 ◦ 288 seats in Reichstag  March 23, 1933 ◦ Reichstag passes bill giving all duties to Chancellor Hitler  July 14, 1933 ◦ Law decrees NSDAP the only political party in Germany >

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32  June 34 – Night of the Long Knives  August 1934 ◦ Hindenburg dies ◦ Hitler merges Chancellor and President  Becomes the leader ◦ Der Führer  Army takes oath directly to Hitler

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34  Propaganda  Anti – Semitism  Depression  German Nationalism  Silencing Enemies  Big Business Money  Support of the common man

35 CONSOLIDATES POWER AND TAKES POSITION AS DICTATOR. ELIMINATES ALL CHALLENGERS BUILDS UP INDUSTRY IN PREPARATION FOR WAR BY 1935 HITLER IS READY TO IMPLEMENT HIS MASTER PLAN OUTLINES PLANS FOR WORLD DOMINATION

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38 HITLER BLAMES THE JEWS FOR THE TROUBLES THAT ARE IN GERMANY ANTI-SEMETIC POLICIES WIN WIDESPREAD SUPPORT Jews lose rights slowly but, surely Hitler creates a nationalist fervor by excluding the Jews

39  Nuremburg Laws in Germany denied citizenship and many other rights to German Jews  Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)- November 9,1938- a pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria  Windows were smashed in Jewish shops, and synagogues were burned to the ground  Jews were excluded from all but the most menial forms of employment

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43 RANK THE FOLLOWING IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE Own or use a public phone Date/marry whomever you choose Own a radio, Nintendo, CD player Own a pet Go to the movies Leave your house when ever you choose

44 1934 –JEWISH NEWSPAPERS BANNED CITIZENSHIP FOR JEWS REVOKED MARRIAGES BETWEEN JEWS AND ARYANS FORBIDDEN JEWS LOSE RIGHT TO VOTE 1937-JEWS TRVEL RESTRICTED 1938 JEWS LOSE SEVERAL MORE RIGHTS 1939 TURN RADIOS OVER TO THE POLICE

45 1940 LOSE PHONES IN HOMES ARE BEGIN TO GET TAKEN INTO PROTECTIVE CUSTODY 1941 CAN’T LEAVE HOUSE WITHOUT PERMISSION, NO PUBLIC PHONES NO NEWSPAPERS, DOGS, CATS, BIRDS, BIKE. CANT PURCHASE MEAT,EGGS, MILK

46 HITLER WANTS TO BRING ALL P EOPLE OF GERMAN DECENT TOGETHER GAIN LIVING SPACE FOR PEOPLE Lebensraum CONQUER INFERIOR PEOPLE FIRST ON HITLER’S LIST IS AUSTRIA GETS AUSTRIAN NAZI’S INTO KEY POSITIONS

47 1938 HITLER ANNEXES AUSTRIA Many Austrians want merger ANSCHLUSS AUSTRIAN GIVEN JOBS AND FOOD WESTERN DEMOCRACIES DO LITTLE SELF-DETERMINATION APPEASMENT GIVES HITLER INVINCIBLE FEELING

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50 Britain in 1938: 2 Army Divisions A Navy – which planned to blockade in the event of war Tactical Bombing – only 1 Wing Prepared

51 France in 1938: Maginot Line Large Army Anti-War Sentiment

52 The United States in 1938 Roosevelt “We must Quarantine Aggressors” 85% of US didn’t want war Neutrality Act Clear Message to Chamberlain – You are on your own.

53 Soviet Union in 1938: Great Purges Victims were the officer corps of the Army Chamberlain didn’t trust Stalin

54 Czechoslovakia One of few surviving democracies in Eastern Europe Sudetenland Majority of Germans – Nazis in area September 4, 1938 – Benes (President of Czech) Granted Autonomy to Sudeten Germans

55 September 7, 1938 The Times of London, said that Czechoslovakia should give up the Sudetenland September 15, 1938 – Hitler insisted on National Self-determination The entire Czech defense is in the Sudetenland

56 September 22, 1938 – Chamberlain agreed to a phased plan to transfer the Sudetenland Hitler wants immediate occupation – Britain hands out gas masks – Chamberlain announces that they are on the brink of war. Mussolini Called a Peace Conference in Munich

57 Czechs weren’t invited / Russia wasn’t invited Hitler got the original offer – Occupation over 10 Days Poland and Hungary would also receive slices of Czechoslovakia

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59 After WWI – Independent Governing class had an overwhelming self-confidence Polish Myth 50% of $ is spent of Military (1/6 of what Germany spends)

60 1. City of Danzig 2. Polish Corridor – Transit Rights 3. Poland to Join the Anti-Communism Act

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