Presentation on theme: "Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany 1933-1945 The early years Born in the town of Braunau am Inn, Austria April 20,1889. Of 6 children, only 2 survived, he."— Presentation transcript:
The early years Born in the town of Braunau am Inn, Austria April 20,1889. Of 6 children, only 2 survived, he and sister Paula. Father was 52 yr old Alois Shickelgruber.(died 1903). Mother Klara Poelzl (died 1908). 3rd wife of Alois, 23 years younger and closely related. Where did the name “Hitler” come from? Was Hitler Jewish? Photo Album Hitler family tree
Possible Grandfather & Great Grandfather The Hitler Family Tree Mother Father Grandmother Possible Grandfather Grandfather Great Grandmother Adolf Hitler
Eva (Anna Paula) Braun “Hitler” Worked as model for Hitler’s photographer Attempted suicide twice 23 years younger than Adolf Smoked, drank, wore make-up, read foreign literature
The early years Dropped out of school at age 16. Failed to get into Vienna academy of art (twice). Blamed Jewish panel. Sold self-made post cards. WWI veteran (Bavarian Regiment). No “inferiors”. Reaches rank of corporal. Heinrich Hoffman photo
The Odeonsplatz today. In the Hoffman photo, Hitler was standing roughly on the circular decoration in the square, in front of the stone lion which forms part of the front of the Feldherrenhalle. The yellow building behind is the Theatinerkirche (1690)
Hitler watercolor, a bay's house of about 1912 - in Lambach (Hitler's former house of his childhood) - or the Hofbräuhaus in Munich?
Hitler in The Great War (WWI) Twice wounded and twice decorated. (Iron Cross)! Ended war in hospital after being temporarily blinded by gas. Blamed “November criminals” for selling out & backstabbing the army. Enraged by outcome of WWI & Versailles Treaty.
The Political years Joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP), or Nazi party. Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. Powerful public-speaking ability made him a leader. Adopted the Swastika
Beer Hall Putsch (Revolt) Occurred 11/8-9/1923 Hitler & 600 SA attempt to overthrow government in Bavarian beer hall. Police put down revolt during a march in Munich. " The national revolution has broken out. The hall is surrounded.“ --A. Hitler Hitler, Ludendorff, & Roehm after trial Hitler represents himself & is sentenced to 5 years in Landsberg Prison by a “supportive” judge. 9th November 1923: Outside the Burgerbraukeller, Munich just prior to the abortive Munich putsch. Looking at the camera is Rudolf Hess (1894 - 1987) and to his left Lt. Gerhard Rossbach leader of the Nazi Free Corp with some of his men. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
Hitler at Landsberg prison Dictated his book “Mein Kampf” (my struggle), to Rudolf Hess. Book describes his plans for the future. 1) rid Germany of Jews. 2) Strengthen the military & expand its borders to include German speaking people (Lebensraum). 3) Purify so-called Aryan or Master Race of blonde haired, blue eyed People. enlarge
From prison to Dictatorship Released on Dec. 20, 1924 after only 9 months. Nazi party outlawed until 1925. Created the Schutzstaffeln (SS), or protective units controlled the (SA). Nazi party entered election of 1928. Won 12 seats in the Reichstag, 810,000 votes or (2.5 % of total votes).
President Paul von Hindenburg Elected president of Weimar Republic 1925 1933 Election Campaign: Ballot for the Reichstag Election in the Hesse-Darmstadt Electoral District (March 5, 1933) Below is a ballot for the Reichstag election in the Hesse-Darmstadt electoral district. The National Socialist German Workers' Party tops the ballot. Next comes the Social Democratic Party (2), followed by the Communist Party (3), the German Center Party (4), Battlefront Black-White-Red (5), the German People's Party (7), the Christian Social People's Service (8), the German State Party (9), and the German Farmers' Party (10).
The Nazi’s enter the Reichstag 1930 elections, 120 nazi’s are voted into the Reichstag, over 6 million votes (18.3%). 1932 Hitler runs against Pres.Paul von Hindenburg (85 yrs old). Hitler got 13.5 million votes (37.2%). Hindenburg won re- election with 19 million votes.
Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany Hindenburg appoints Hitler “Chancellor” of Germany on January 30 1933. Feb. 1933 Hitler appoints Goering President of Reichstag. He called for new elections in March. Photo
“Night of the Long Knives” Massacre on June 30, 1934. All SA who helped burn down the Reichstag were killed. Undesirable SA men were killed (3,000), including Ernst Roehm the leader. (offered suicide).
Was Hitler Jewish? Hitler's father was the illegitimate child of a cook named (Maria Anna) Schickelgruber. This cook, the grandmother of Adolf Hitler, was working for a Jewish family named Frankenburger, when she became pregnant. Frankenburger paid Schickelgruber, a paternity allowance from the time of the child's birth up to his fourteenth year. (From a secret report by the Nazi Hans Frank. Written in 1930)
Where did “Hitler” come from? Johann Hiedler who had lived in nearby town of Weitra, died at age 84 without wife or children. Alois instantly seized this opportunity and made arrangements with the local parish priest to alter the parish birth and adoption records (Shirer, 1941, 1960). The priest scratched out the name "Shicklegruber" and penciled in "Hiedler." Alois, however, wasn't especially fond of the "Hiedler" moniker, and altered the spelling to make it sound more pleasing. Alois "Hiedler," became Alois Hitler.