Presentation on theme: "Hitler and National Socialism What made him different?"— Presentation transcript:
Hitler and National Socialism What made him different?
A few reminders Versailles –War guilt –Reparations –Rhineland –Military restrictions –Anschluss Communism –Threat of revolution from Russia –Berlin revolution put down by Weimar
Hitler Not a German! Austrian born (Grossdeutschland) –Alois and Klara Rejected from Vienna School of Arts (2x) Admirer of Karl Lueger (politician who used anti-Semitism) Klara’s death due to Jewish doctor? Wrong. Letters from Hitler praise the doctor. Hitler was an Austro-Hungarian draft dodger Joins German army as WWI breaks out –Never rises above corporal (he was a messenger) –Has trouble accepting a German defeat
Who’s to blame? Communists Jews “Profiteers” “November criminals” All of these people find their way into Mein Kampf
Workers’ Party 1919 - Hitler joined the German Workers’ Party 1921 - Hitler became chairman of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party –Created the SA as bodyguards –Swastika Goals? –State control of society –Abrogation of Versailles –End of the Jewish threat
Politics and the Beer Hall November 8, 1923 - Beer Hall Putsch –Hitler, with only 3000 followers, makes a bid for power Took control of the hall Hitler declared himself the head of a new government Nazi march on the War Ministry Ministry opens fire Nazis flee and are arrested Remained in prison until December 20, 1924 –Cellmates with Rudolf Hess –Dictated Mein Kampf in prison