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1929 - 1933 The Good Times are Over!. 1929 – a bad year for Weimar 1929 started off well for the Weimar Republic –Young Plan spread out German reparations.

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Presentation on theme: "1929 - 1933 The Good Times are Over!. 1929 – a bad year for Weimar 1929 started off well for the Weimar Republic –Young Plan spread out German reparations."— Presentation transcript:

1 1929 - 1933 The Good Times are Over!

2 1929 – a bad year for Weimar 1929 started off well for the Weimar Republic –Young Plan spread out German reparations until 1988 In October, the Weimar Republic was rocked by 2 disasters. –1) The Wall Street Crash –2) The Death of Stresemann

3 1929 – a bad year for Weimar In October, the Weimar Republic was rocked by 2 disasters. –1) The Wall Street Crash Why was this significant for Germany –2) The Death of Stresemann Why was this significant for the Weimar Republic

4 September 1928 650,000 September 1929 1,320,000 September 1930 3,000,000 September 1931 4,350,000 September 1932 5,102,000 January 1933 6,100,000 The Impact of the Wall Street Crash Unemployment in Germany

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6 The Political Impact of the Depression Cuts had to be made to government spending –The Social Democrats left the coalition due to cuts in unemployment benefit –Germany had to be ruled by decree. Bruning uses article 48 The worse the situation got for Germany, the more the Nazis prospered. –Explain what happened to the Nazi vote and number of seats between 1928 and 1933

7 Nazi Electioneering List the Nazi party’s propaganda and electioneering tactics: –Remember that they are not in control of the country yet: so they still need to pay for everything. Nazi Election Tactics

8 Nazi Electioneering –Pamphlets –Poster campaigns Blanket flypostering –Printing Newspapers –Speeches Hitler was a talented orator –Rallies Bus activists to rallies to appear more popular than they actually are. –Intimidation SA will beat up groups blamed by Nazis for Germany’s failures –Radio Transmitting speeches and rallies –Air transport To allow Hitler to appear in many places

9 Nazi Electioneering Write a Nazi election speech in 1932. Include blame for Germany’s problems on: –Treaty of Versailles –Reparations payments –Communists –The Weimar Government –Foreigners –Jews Use repetition Use Exaggeration Do not feel constrained by the truth

10 1932 - 1933 Hitler Manoeuvres into Power

11 The Collapse of Democracy The Nazis manage to take advantage of the following factors to take control of Germany –1) Dissatisfaction of Treaty of Versailles –2) Economic Collapse and Unemployment –3) Aggressive election tactics by Nazi Party –4) Political Intrigue Doing deals to gain power The Nazis NEVER get a majority

12 Date of Election Jan 1919 Jun 1920 May 1924 Dec 1924 May 1928 Sep 1930 Jul 1932 Nov 1932 Mar 1933 SPD Social Democrats 165102100131153143133121120 Communists KPD/USPD 2288624554778910181 Centre Party (Catholics) 916465696268757074 DDP (Democrats) 753928322520425 Right-wing parties (BVP/ DVP/DNVP) 6315715617413490668372 NSDAP (Nazis) 321412107230196288 Others 7929 517211127 Total Deputies 423459472493491577608584647

13 1932 Hitler challenges Hindenburg President Hindenburg is an old war hero. Hitler feels strong enough to challenge him for the ultimate Hitler loses –Hindenburg 53% –Hitler 36% However, – Hitler surprises many be polling so many votes. –Hitler gets national media coverage

14 Political Intrigue May 1932 –General Schleicher asks Hindenburg to ask Franz von Papen (Catholic Party) to form a government. replacing von Bruning – who had been anti-Nazi July 1932 –Reichstag elections disaster for pro-weimar parties –Best result for Nazis August 1932 –Hitler demands to be made Chancellor –Hindenburg dismisses the ‘Bohemian Corporal’

15 Political Intrigue September 1932 –Von Papen loses a no-confidence vote November 1932 –Another Reichstag election Nazis lose 2 million votes! But still too many anti-weimar parties with seats Von Papen wants to be reappointed by Hindenburg and rule with Article 48 General Schleicher puts himself forward –Wants to work with reasonable Nazis (Strasser)

16 Von Papen’s revenge! Hitler dismisses Strasser –No deals short of Chancellorship Papen does a deal with Hitler behind Schleicher’s back –Hitler will be Chancellor –Von Papen vice-chancellor –Nazis given just 3 cabinet seats –Von Papen thought that he could control Hitler –Hindenburg tired of bickering

17 Why did Hitler come to power? Mistakes by his opponents Hitler and the Nazi Party General Conditions in Germany

18 Factors to Consider Hitler’s promise to smash the Communists SA Intimidation Chancellors Bruning, von Papen and Schleicher’s use of article 48 Hitler promise to restore family and moral values Von Papen’s double crossing of Schleicher Treaty of Versailles’ conditions Hitler was an excellent orator The Nazis were in no way responsible for the economic problems Nazis becoming the largest political party Wall Street Crash Nazi Party Propaganda techniques Hindenburg was old and tired Schleicher thought he could appeal to reasonable Nazis Von Papen thought he could control Hitler Worldwide Depression Strasser’s inability to stand up to Hitler 6 Million unemployed


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