2BACKGROUNDIn November 1923 Hitler saw HIS chance to start a revolution! Germany was very unstable:Invasion of the RuhrHyperinflationWeimar democratic government was very unpopularGermany was humiliated
3Hitler’s Putsch (or revolution) would be an absolute fiasco and failure However from this failure Hitler would emerge stronger and beginning his road to REAL absolute power.
4THE PLAN Hitler knew the time was right for a revolution. He got together a large group of unemployed men and former soldiers known as the Storm Troopers or SA. They began attacking other political groups – like Communists.
6Hitler plotted with the nationalist leader of Bavaria – Von Kahr as well as War hero General Ludendorff to take over Munich in a revolution.BUT as Hitler waits with 3,000 troops Von Kahr calls off the revolution
8Hitler is furious and on the 8th November 1923 he bursts into a local Munich Beer hall and forces Von Kahr to agree to revolution-Then he lets him go!
9FAILUREHitler and his troops begin to march into Munich to seize powerKahr however has called out the police and armyThe army fire on the SA killing 16. Hitler is arrested later and put on trial for TREASON.
10RESULT The Munich Putsch was a FAILURE. It was badly organised and poorly planned.The Nazis appeared to have been humiliatedThe Nazi party was banned and Hitler prevented from public speaking until 1927.
11BUT The Munich Putsch was also a strange BOOST to Hitler: The TRIAL was a massive publicity boost for the Nazis – Hitler became famous across GermanyMany Germans agreed with his viewsHitler also had sympathy from the German judges who gave him only a small prison sentence in Landsberg prison
12Life’s hard here – I even have to make my own tea!!
13BUT4. Hitler used his time in Prison to write a book of his political ideas called ‘Mein Kampf’ (my struggle) It was a bestseller and his ideas became widely known.BestsellerFour and a Half Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice
14Finally..Hitler realised from the experience that he could only come to power through democratic means (not revolution)He would use Weimar democracy to destroy itself!He organised Propaganda (advertising) campaigns.He started the Hitler YouthLocal Nazi party branches set upThe SS was set up as his personal bodyguard.
16A Cartoon published in Germany Beer MugsHitler & LudendorffA Cartoon published in GermanyPublished in 1924German Judges
17Hitler and Ludendorff are shouting that they are ‘Germanys saviours’ Beer MugsHitler & LudendorffHitler and Ludendorff are shouting that they are ‘Germanys saviours’The Judges are saying ‘Rubbish! The Worst charge we can bring is breaking local entertainment laws’What is the message of this cartoon? Use the Source and your knowledge to explain your answer