We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKerry Robertson
Modified about 1 year ago
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Hitler's Rise to Power Nazi Germany For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 What we will learn today In this presentation you will learn: 1.Who Hitler was. 2.What Hitler brought to the Nazi Party. 3.How the failure of his Beer Hall Putsch helped Hitler. 4.How Hitler turned the Depression to his advantage. 5.How the Weimar government helped Hitler gain power.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Who was Hitler?
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 What were the key events that moulded Hitler? How important do you think each event was in shaping Hitler?
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 What did Hitler bring to the Nazi party?
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 His trial gave publicity to the Nazi movement. He reviewed and altered his political philosophy. The Munich Putsch In 1923, Hitler helped organise the Munich Putsch – an attempt to seize control of Munich. The attempt failed dismally. Hitler was arrested for treason and thrown into prison. However, in the long run the whole affair actually helped to strengthen his position! We will now investigate each of these in more detail. Photograph courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, London.
© Boardworks Ltd of Hitler’s trial gave publicity to the Nazi movement. The Munich Putsch – Hitler’s trial
© Boardworks Ltd of Hitler reviewed his political philosophy. Whilst locked away in prison he dictated a book to one of his most faithful followers, Rudolf Hess. He entitled this book Mein Kampf (My Struggle). In it, he developed two important principles. The Fuhrer Principle – Hitler argued that to be successful, his party needed one all-powerful leader (‘fuhrer’) – in other words, Hitler himself! The Reichstag Principle – Hitler argued that outright rebellion would never destroy the system. Instead, it would be necessary to “hold our noses and enter the Reichstag [parliament]” – in other words, get elected and then destroy the system from within. The Munich Putsch – Mein Kampf
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Continued weakness, 1924–28 Despite Hitler’s efforts, the Nazis remained a minor political force. In 1924 they had 5% of the seats in the Reichstag. In 1928 they had less than 2% – even the Communists had four times as many seats! One reason for this was that Stresemann had helped to stabilize the country: 1924: Dawes Plan eases the reparations bill. 1925: Locarno Treaties improve relations with France. 1926: Germany allowed to join the League of Nations.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Impact of the Depression, 1929–32 What changed everything was the worldwide Depression. In 1929, the Wall Street Crash caused the US stock market to collapse. This led to a terrible chain reaction that threw the whole world into an economic crisis. Germany was hit particularly hard because the country had borrowed a lot of money to pay for reparations.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 The Depression spread
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Reaction of the Nazis: Fresh propaganda It was during the Depression that the Nazis really started to use propaganda – political advertising – effectively. This was particularly the case in 1932, when Hitler ran for president and came a very close second to Hindenburg. Posters were produced depicting Hitler as ‘Germany’s last hope’. Planes were used to help him travel all over Germany to deliver rousing speeches. Radio was used to help him reach an even wider audience. The mastermind behind this campaign was Josef Goebbels.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Reaction of the Nazis: Mass appeal 1.End unemployment – Hitler promised to provide jobs for the thousands of Germans who had become unemployed as a result of the depression. 2.Tear up Versailles – Hitler said that he would break the hated Treaty of Versailles and make Germany great again. 3.Blame the Jews – Hitler gave the desperate German people someone to blame for the depression and the 1918 defeat. He blamed the Jews. However, propaganda is only effective if it is publicizing popular policies. The Nazis came up with policies that appealed to many ordinary Germans.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Reaction of the Nazis: Fresh policies Hitler also identified several key groups in German society that it was important for him to win over. Hitler, with the help of Goebbels, made sure the Nazi message targeted these key groups of voters. Suggest a slogan that the Nazis could have used to win the votes of women. Explain your choice. The slogan ‘Work, Freedom, Bread’ was used to convince workers that the Nazis were focused on the needs of the industrial class. People in the Cities People in the Countryside The slogan ‘Blood and Soil’ was used to convince rural voters that the Nazis believed that the German nation sprang from the farming class.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Reaction of the Weimar Republic: Indecision Whilst Hitler responded brilliantly to the crisis created by the Depression, the Weimar Republic did not. Parliament – Proportional Representation (PR): The electoral system meant that Reichstag seats were split between many parties. No party could get a majority, so weak, indecisive coalition governments were formed. President – Article 48: The president had emergency powers, but his advisers discouraged him from raising unemployment benefits, fearing another hyperinflation crisis like the one which had hit Germany in Discussion point: In 1923 Germany suffered an inflationary crisis. In 1929 it suffered a deflationary crisis. What is the difference?
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 Reaction of the Weimar Republic: Hitler As well as pursuing unpopular policies, the Weimar Republic made a terrible mistake in appointing Hitler as chancellor in January 1933 – even though he had made it clear that he hated democracy. What makes this decision even more surprising is that: Support for the Nazi party was declining Germany was coming out of the Depression President Hindenburg had nothing but contempt for Hitler, who he called ‘a little Bohemian corporal’.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 How and why was Hitler appointed chancellor?
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 How did Hitler get to power?
Rise of Hitler. An evaluation of the reasons why the Nazis achieved power, in Weaknesses of the Weimar republic Resentment towards.
A World In Flames World War II. The Rise of Dictators After World War I it seemed as if Democracy was on the rise and that the peace would be long lasting.
World War II was caused in part by the Versailles Treaty that ended World War I. Why? 1. The Germans were forced to pay a huge amount of money to France.
Rise of Totalitarianism Isms & Dictators. Conservative Authoritarianism Traditional form of antidemocratic government in Europe (e.g., Metternich, Catherine.
Adolf Hitler sentenced today. Political manoeuvring between von Schleicher and von Papen Hitlers leadership skills The Depression The weaknesses of the.
Adolf Hitler and the Nazis Rise to Power The overall purpose of this presentation is to explain how this little boy on the left became the man on the.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
Dictatorship A system of government with centralized authority under a dictator. Usually involves terror, censorship, nationalism, and racism.
Hitler’s Rise to Power THE STAGE IS SET. TAKEN BY SURPRISE “My sizing up of the man... is really one who truly loves his fellow-men, and his country and.
Chapter 11: Between the Wars Fascism, Communism, Dictators & the Road to WWII.
World War II Propaganda. Propaganda n : information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause n : information that is spread for the purpose.
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
Causes of World War II. Background Many historians trace the causes of World War II to problems left unsolved by World War I ( ). World War I.
Soc 30-1 Readings: Chapter 5 – parts on Germany Soc 30-2 Readings: Chapter 7, pg. 172.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
RISE OF DICTATORS. 1. Stalin’s Soviet Union a. Joseph Stalin i. Came to power after Lenin died in 1924 ii. Worked to turn the Soviet Union into a totalitarian.
The Holocaust. Please turn in the following: –Totalitarian Handout –Fascism Handout –Prompts Practice –Rape of Nanking Handout You have 5 minutes to prep.
AP Test Review Part Five World War I ( ) l The war was sparked by the shooting of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, but the shooting.
Lesson Essential Question: Could WWII have been prevented?
The Road to World War II Neutrality, Isolationism, Nationalism, Dictators & Broken Promises.
Fact Questions How to write a good fact essay. How do I spot a fact essay? A fact essay will usually begin with: Describe… What were… How did… However,
Rise of Dictators Hitler Mussolini Japan. Reasons for Dictators The depression in Europe gave rise to the dictators in Spain, Italy and Germany. People.
War Communism Trotsky leads Red Army over Whites Lenins NEP Compromise w/ capitalism Trotsky vs. Stalin Lenins death leads to a struggle for power Troika-
Mr. Whites World History. After this section, we should be able to: Explain how fascism and Nazism grew in power in Europe Explain how communist leaders.
Test #7 Lecture Notes VUS Axis Powers 1.) Italy Mussolini and the Fascist Party 2.) Germany Hitler and the Nazi Party 3.) Japan Emperor Tojo and.
Dolch Words the of and to a in that is was.
1 The Road to World War II 2 January 1933: Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.
How did the Nazis change their tactics between 1924 and 1929?
Hitler's motives for re-militarising the Rhineland in 1936 No military installations or garrisons were permitted on the left bank within 50km of the.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.