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World War Two Cartoons What is the message of this cartoon? (6 Marks) © Hodder Murray.

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Presentation on theme: "World War Two Cartoons What is the message of this cartoon? (6 Marks) © Hodder Murray."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War Two Cartoons What is the message of this cartoon? (6 Marks) © Hodder Murray

2 Mark Scheme Level 1 – Surface use of the cartoon (1 – 2) Level 2 – Interpretation only (2 – 3) Level 3 – Interpretation supported by detail from the cartoon or contextual knowledge (4 - 5) Level 4 – Interpretation supported by detail from the cartoon and contextual knowledge (6) © Hodder Murray

3 A British cartoon about the reoccupation of the Rhineland, Pax Germanica is Latin and means ‘Peace, German style’. SOURCE 17 Peace, German style Germany is walking over the Lacarno treaty, showing they are ignoring it Armed goose Satirical, nursery rhyme Nazi Flags The message of this cartoon is... That Germany are ignoring the Lacarno treaty and the Treaty of Versailles. The Nazi’s are shown to be aggressive by the weapons on the goose. This was published in response to the remilitarisation of the Rhineland.

4 © Hodder Murray An American cartoon published in March 1936 showing the encirclement of Germany by France and the USSR. SOURCE 13 Geographically Russia & France surround Germany, this is shown here by them holding hands. USA are saying that this situation is not good for anyone, it won’t bring peace. Faces of France & Russia sinister & evil. Germany is shown as being fully armed

5 © Hodder Murray A cartoon from Punch commenting on the Anschluss, SOURCE 19 A Hitler, German leader Stealing the Austrian integrity Mussolini says: I never heard anything. This is showing his Support for Hitler. March on Rome Criticism of Germany taking control of Austria, the Anschluss. Taking Austria is now legal – ‘Good hunting’

6 © Hodder Murray A Soviet cartoon commenting on the Anschluss, 1938, showing Hitler catching Austria. SOURCE 19 B Hitler Italy Austria This cartoon shows Hitler’s aggression, that he is prepared to go ‘deep fishing’ to get what he wants and that he doesn’t care about people. Hitler was land hungry and wasn’t going to stop at one fish or piece of land.

7 © Hodder Murray A cartoon by David Low from the London Evening Standard, This was a popular newspaper with a large readership in Britain. SOURCE 22 Hitler marching to his own tune as he violates Versailles Criticism of the leaders for not standing up to Hitler. Final destination is world domination Low cartoon World leaders aren’t standing up to Hitler, they are shown as being spineless

8 © Hodder Murray David Low cartoon commenting on the Anschluss, SOURCE 24 Germany pushing its weight on other countries. GB & France not making a stand despite that they are going to be affected eventually Eggs in one basket show that Britain is taking a risk and they didn’t have support from all there empire. Low cartoon This cartoon was published in response to the Anschluss Britain are being criticised for doing nothing

9 © Hodder Murray A cartoon from Punch, November Punch was deeply critical of the British government’s policies that allowed Hitler to achieve what he wanted in the 1930s. The magazine was an important influence on public opinion, particularly among educated and influential people. It had a circulation of about 120,000 copies per week during the 1930s. SOURCE 23 This cartoon shows a bleak future for Britain if the government fail to stand up to Hitler and his foreign policy. WW1 generation would be familiar with such scenes. Gas masks This is a punch cartoon, they were often critical of the British Government.

10 © Hodder Murray SOURCE A British cartoon commenting on the Sudetenland crisis of A Chamberlain: seemingly aware of what is happening behind him. Germany speaking Czech people have allowed Germany in, this will have an impact on Britain eventually. Germany shown as aggressive

11 © Hodder Murray SOURCE A British cartoon commenting on the Sudetenland crisis of B Chamberlain, has his sleeves rolled up showing he is ready to work Chamberlain is trying to push the world to peace, but could be endangering the world and we could end up in war. The world is just passed the crack, suggesting that Chamberlain might make it

12 © Hodder Murray SOURCE 35 A British cartoon from Britain, looks laid back reading the paper, unaware of what is happening If Germany is allowed to take Czechoslovakia then eventually others will fall, including Britain & France.

13 © Hodder Murray A British cartoon from SOURCE 44 This cartoon is in reference to theNazi – Soviet Pact Hitler and Stalin are meant to be friends, but both have a gun behind their back. This cartoon suggests that theNazi – soviet pact was about buying time for both sides.

14 Model Answer – with reference to source 32 B Chamberlain has been following a policy of appeasement, and has recently signed the Munich agreement, where Britain and Germany agreed not to go to war. However, this cartoon suggests that although Chamberlain has worked hard, his sleeves are rolled up, the war is still likely to go to war. This is shown by the world being pushed along the plank which is cracked, if it breaks the war plunges to war. This cartoons suggests that war is likely. © Hodder Murray People are named Tells us what is happening at the time – context Uses details to back up its points Gives the message of the cartoon


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