Presentation on theme: "Non-specific immunity: true or false?. Specific Response to Infection The Immune System Different kinds of Lymphocytes The Humoral Response (Part 1) Key."— Presentation transcript:
Non-specific immunity: true or false?
Specific Response to Infection The Immune System Different kinds of Lymphocytes The Humoral Response (Part 1) Key Terms: Lymphocytes, B Cells, T Cells, Immunoglobulins, Major Histocompatibility Complex
Specific immune response The specific or adaptive immune response can target a specific pathogen, although it is slower to act than the non-specific response. the cellular or cell-mediated response involves highly- specialized cells that target pathogens inside cells. the humoral or antibody- mediated response targets pathogens in body fluids with antibodies. It features two main types of response to pathogens:
What are lymphocytes? Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell (leucocyte) found in the blood and lymph nodes. Collectively, lymphocytes can recognize millions of different antigens, due to the large variation of lymphocytes produced. Lymphocytes recognise antigen molecules on the surface of pathogens, and co-ordinate the immune response against that pathogen.
Lymphocytes B Cells Made in Bone Marrow Travel in Blood and Lymph Produce antibodies (immunoglobulins) Have membrane bound receptors identical to the antibodies they produce called IgMs 100 Million types of B cells formed in developing embryo, all with different IgMs T Cells Made in Bone Marrow, but mature in Thymus Gland Display T Cell receptors on their cell surface membrane. 2 main types T Helper cells – Stimulate the production of antibodies against antigens on pathogens T Killer Cells – Produce chemicals to destroy pathogens
Different types of lymphocytes
Humoral immune response
Homework 1)Read and highlight White Blood Cells information sheet 2)Find out what is meant by the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)