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Models for in vivo and in vitro studies on basophils Trainer: Franco Falcone.

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Presentation on theme: "Models for in vivo and in vitro studies on basophils Trainer: Franco Falcone."— Presentation transcript:

1 Models for in vivo and in vitro studies on basophils Trainer: Franco Falcone

2 Introduction Basophils were discovered more than century ago (1879) Only recently they have been identify to play a role in allergy (1972) Compared to human, mice have less basophils which were initially more difficult to identify. First discovery of mouse basophils by EM in 1981

3 How to deplete basophils in mice No naturaly occuring basophil defficiency in mice Antibody induces defficiency Mar-1 Anti-Fc s  RI mAb Ba103 anti-CD200R3 mAb Not selective only for basophils! Posible activation and/or depletion of mast cells Depletion of DC subpopulations (antigen presentation properties?) Not optimal depletion efficiency (80 – 90% for Ba103) Problematic timing in long term experiments Other models are needed!

4 Transgenic models BasoDTRDTR transgene (expression under CD203c promotor Diphteria toxin injection Cells express DTR allowing inducible deletion Depletion of basophils 84% NA

5 Aims: To reveal contribution of basophils and eosinophils in IgE-CAI in vivo. To generate a new mouse models lacking basophils and eosinophils. BasoDTR mice - hDTR espression driven by CD203c promotor (basophil marker) EoDTR mice - hDTR espression driven by EPO promotor (eosinophil peroxidase, granule cationic protein)

6 Decrease in basophils in peripheral blood (84%) and spleen No decrease in basophil population in bone-marrow! qPCR and WB analysis failed to detect hDTR in bone-marrow No effect on peritoneal mast cells Basophil-speciphic ablation after DT administration in BasoDTR mice

7 IgE-mediated chronic allergic (CAI) reaction in BasoDTR mice TNP-spec. IgE i.v. 24 hrs TNP-OVA i.d. DT treatment in BasoDTR mice almost completely abolished developement of IgE-CAI

8 DT added -2days before Ag DT treatment abolished the IgE-CAI in EoDTR mice Eosinophils are involved in ear swelling exacerbation rather than induction of inflammation IgE-CAI in EoDTR

9 Pros and cons + efficient systemic depletion + first inducible depletion of eosinophils -No convincing evidence about CD203c expression in mice basophils and not in other cell types -What happens to other cells is not discused (Table 1) -Only one time poind measured -Significance for chronic models (IgE-CAI?) -High concentrations of DT affects also other cells

10 Goal: Aims: Generate mast cell and basophil deficient mouse model Background: – Based on finding that Myeloid cell leukemia sequence-1 (Mcl-1) is shown to be an intracellular anti-apoptotic factor – Increased apoptosis of cells that do express Cpa3

11 Cpa3 is highly expressed in mast cells Efficient mast cell depletion in all tested tissues, except for spleen

12 Cpa3 is expressed in subpopulation of basophils Efficient basophil depletion in tested tissues (56-78%) Cpa3 is expressed in neutrophils, eosinophils, T cells,b cells Other cells type numbers not affected, except for RBC

13 PCA (mast cells) CAI (basophils) PCA: Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, Mast cell-dependent reaction CAI: Chronic allergic inflammation, basophil-dependent reaction (contribution of mast cells ignored here?)

14 Pros and cons + efficient depletion of mast cells + constitutive depletion (e.g. chronic models) -Quite inefficient depletion of basophils; 22-42% of basophils are still present; what happens in a more subtle model in which basophils are involved? -Not a good model for investigating basophils; mast cells are depleted -No depletion of mast cells in spleen

15 Aims: To asses the role of basophils in acquired tick resistance Background: – Basophil depleting antibodies used (Ba103, anti-CD200R3) – Selective inducible ablation of basophils – Mctp8 DTR mice – hDTR expressed under the control of basophil speciphic promoter of Mcpt8

16 Acquired resistance to ticks Resistance measured as the time of feeding Resistance is mast cell- dependent Fc  RI and antibody independent

17 Recruitment of basophils to tick- feeding sites during the second infestation

18 DT-mediated basophil ablation in Mctp8 DTR mice A: DT abolished acquired tick resistance in Mctp8 DTR mice B: Basophils and mast cell numbers in skin 4 days after the initiation of second infestation

19 Pros and cons + efficient basophil depletion + no other cell types appear to be affected -High concentrations of DT affects also other cells -Significance for chronic models (IgE-CAI?)

20 Conclusions Selective ablation of basophils showed to be powerful tool in studying their role in physiological conditions Limitations in basophil specific markers Limitations in tools for inducing depletion (DT) Constitutive depletion might affect also mast cells numbers (Cpa3-Cre) Mcpt8-Cre might be a good alternative

21 Suggestions Search for more specific basophil markers? Mctp8 is currently the best option GFP expression only in basophils is important control (mctp8 promotor control, different cells from several tissues were checked) Best model (Mctp8) is good only for mice, not for human Toxic effects of DT, dose-dependent Fast recovery of basophils – should be DT administration repeated? Hello kitty – only part of the promotor, mediates moderate Cre expression Cpa3 KO has different phenotype than Cpa3-Cre Side effects of Cre expression in other tissues? Overexpression of basophil population is missing in the literature


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