Presentation on theme: "Skeletal System Bone formation: bones start as cartilage and slowly it is replaced by bone."— Presentation transcript:
Skeletal System Bone formation: bones start as cartilage and slowly it is replaced by bone
Structures: bone tendons ligaments cartilage
Functions: 1. Gives Shape and support to the body 2. Protect your internal organs 3. Major muscles attach to bones to help you move 4. Blood cells are formed in the bone. (The tissue called marrow) 5. Store calcium and phosphorous compounds (calcium and phosphorous compounds make bones hard)
Bone Major organs of the skeletal system Adult skeleton composed of 206 bones Store minerals In certain bones, bone marrow produces blood cells
Structure of Bones
Periosteum : thin tough layer that covers all the bones, except the part of the bone that is in the joint. Blood vessels in the pariosteum carry the nutrients to the bone and cell that repair and cause growth are here.
Compact bone: right under the periostreum this layer is the hard strong part. This layer gives bones strength contains deposits of calcium phosphate.
Spongy Bone: is locate at the end of the long bones like those in your arms and legs. This part of the bone has lots of open spaces which keeps the bones light weight.
Cavities: are the center of the long bones and contain the marrow Marrow: some marrow is red some yellow. Red marrow produced red blood (2 to 3 million per second) cells, yellow marrow is made up of fat.
Connective Tissue Ligament Connects bone to bone Tendon Connects skeletal muscle to bone Skeletal muscle Tendon Bone
Cartilage: soft and flexible tissue that provides padding in between bones.
Ligament Connect Bone to Bone
Tendon Connect Muscle to Bone
Joints Of the Human Body Any place where two or more bones come together. Some joints move and others do not.
Immovable Joint No movement takes place at these type of joints
Ball and Socket Joint Bone with a rounded end that fits into a cuplike cavity on another bone
Gliding Joint One part of a bone slides over another bone
Pivot Joint One bone rotates in a ring of another bone that does not move.
Hinge Joint Back-and-forth movement like hinges on a door
Muscular System 600 Muscles
Types of Muscle Movement Involuntary- Automatically move without you knowing. Voluntary- You control the movements.
Types of Muscles Types of Muscles Smooth Muscles- Which include the muscles of internal organs and blood vessels. These muscles move involuntary. Cardiac Muscle- Found only in the heart and also involuntary. Skeletal Muscles- Are voluntary and help you move.
Smooth Muscle Digestive organs Makes up 7-8% of your muscles Involuntary
Cardiac Muscles Only found in the heart. Involuntary. Makes up 3% of your muscles. By age 70 heart contracts 2.5 billion times (assume resting heart beat).
Skeletal Muscles Makes up 90% of your muscles. Voluntary- These are the muscles that you can move.
Types of Injuries Strain- Muscle “pull” or “strain” - Tearing a muscle fiber(s), followed by bleeding or swelling of muscle Muscle Cramp - Prolonged contraction of muscle
Muscles and Movement Muscles can only contract & relax. Muscle fibers line up and pull the tendon attached to the bone to cause movement.
Muscle Pairs Muscle fibers line up and pull the tendon attached to the bone to cause movement. Your muscles work in teams to move your body. As one group of muscles is contracting another group is relaxing An example of this is your Bicep and Tricep.
Summary Explain how the Nervous System, Skeletal System and Muscular System all work together to create movement.
Systems Working Together 1.Our brain sends a message (NS) 2.The message travels down your spinal cord (NS) 3.The motor neuron fires a message (MS) 4.The muscle contracts (MS) 5.The muscle shortens pulling on the tendon (MS and SS) 6.The bone connected to the tendon moves (SS)