Presentation on theme: "1 Cancer Treatment Get a 2 nd Opinion Do your homework! (Research viable treatments, side effects, benefits and risks) # cases treated for specific cancer."— Presentation transcript:
1 Cancer Treatment Get a 2 nd Opinion Do your homework! (Research viable treatments, side effects, benefits and risks) # cases treated for specific cancer Clinical Trials
2 Detecting, Diagnosing and Treating Cancer Proven TreatmentsProven Treatments: –Surgery –Chemotherapy –Radiation Therapy –Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplants
3 Laughter Therapy??! Laughter is a form of internal jogging. It moves your internal organs around. It enhances respiration. It is an igniter of great expectations. Norman Cousins Norman Cousins Who is Norman Cousins?
4 LANCE ARMSTRONG FOUNDATION ► Knowledge is power and attitude is everything. ► From the moment of diagnosis, the practical information and tools you need to live strong are provided. More than 40 million Live STRONG wristbands had been sold as of April, 2005
5 Lance Armstrong Spirit of Survivorship Recipient 2003 Karen Hornbostel 5 time metastatic breast cancer Survivor Competitive Cyclist
6 What are the 4 ‘proven’ proven cancer treatments?
7 Proven Treatments Proven Treatments: Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation Therapy Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplants
8 What are some of the factors that determine the type of treatment(s) chosen?
9 Type of Treatment Depends on: Type of Cancer Whether or not primary tumor has metastasized Cancer Stage Location of Tumor(s) Age/Health of Patient Location of Tumor(s)
10 Surgery Oldest form of treatment for cancer Cancer cells surgically removed
11 Chemotherapy Cancer cells that cannot be removed surgically are destroyed chemically Administrated by : Pill Shot I-V Side Effects
12 Radiation Therapy Cancer cells killed directly with ionizing radiation Internal Radiation External Radiation Side Effects-damages neighboring, non-cancerous cells
13 Bone Marrow and Stem Cell Transplants 2 Types: 1. Allogeneic 2. Autologous
14 Allogeneic: Bone Marrow/ Stem Cell 1. Bone Marrow Transplant: Receive bone marrow from a donor (often a sibling) - Donor placed under gen’l anesthesia - Doctor does series of needle sticks - Marrow extracted from both hip cavities
15 2. Stem Cell Transplant Stem Cells (immature bone marrow cells) isolated from blood develop into mature cells Injections given to pump up stem cell production Stem cells removed from blood
16 Finding a Donor Match 6 subtypes of the blood examined When all 6 match it is considered a good match 1 in 4 chance that a full sibling will be a match Desperate need for minority donors, particularly Native Americans
17 Success Stories: Recipients …………..
18 Perry Cerquone, Missoula, Montana Age 7 When Transplanted in 2001 Diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia, at 18 mos. Old unrelated stem cell transplant
19 Katy Hubbell, Fischer, Illinois Diagnosed in 1997, age 4 Received Transplant at age 6 On May 7, 1999, a non-relative (from bone marrow registry) donated his marrow
20 Success Stories: Donors …………..
21 Lesley Farrey Pacey: donated cells to try and save the life of an unidentified 5-year-old she may never know. identified as a one-in-3.6-million match for a boy in Europe with Leukemia In the United States, donors and recipients can share information and meet a year after the transplant if they wish.
22 Retired Flagstaff Police Chief, Mike Gray Donated stem cells to an adult male cancer patient in Ca. April, 2003 Several Flagstaff police officers joined the bone marrow registry when one of their colleagues was diagnosed with leukemia.
23 2. Autologous- Patient receives own cells back Lower mortality rate compared to bone marrow transplant -Catheter placed in patient’s chest (Vas Cath) -Vas Cath used to collect patient’s stem cells -Isolate immature bone marrow cells
24 More donors means more matches NMDP : Nat’l Marrow Donor Program marrow2www.marrow.org Founded in 1986 Assisted in over 12,000+ transplants Program has 4.8 million donors Approximately 3,000 patients searching for a match at any given time
25 NMDT: Phoenix Janet Hedgpeth: Phoenix Donor Center Coordinator Manages 50,00 donors from Az, Nv, Utah Requires Serious commitment
26 Students in HS 200 last semester.. Organized a Bone Marrow Registry Drive here in Flagstaff. See attached flyer
28 Leukemia: Bone Marrow transplant first choice ► Breast and Ovarian Cancer: Stem Cell Transplant often 1 st choice Stem Cell Transplant often 1 st choice - Stem Cells extracted before chemotherapy treatments - High doses of chemotherapy are then given
29 Alternative Therapies Not scientifically proven methods but can help in treating symptoms, address emotional Imbalance, stress, side effects, etc. Mind-Body Interventions Homeopathy Energy Therapies Traditional Chinese Medicine Placebo Effect
30 National Cancer Institute Thinking about Complementary and Alternative Medicine LINKS: Reasons People with Cancer Choose CAM Making Choices What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine Types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Talk with Your Doctor Before You Use CAM Natural Does Not Mean Safe Choose Practitioners with Care Getting Information from Trusted Sources Reasons People with Cancer Choose CAM What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine Types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Talk with Your Doctor Before You Use CAM Natural Does Not Mean Safe Choose Practitioners with Care Getting Information from Trusted Sources
31 Avoiding Health Fraud and Quackery If it sounds too good to be true it probably is! Contact American Cancer Society and Cancer research hospitals/medical schools Is the treatment part of a clinical trial?
32 Cancer Survivors Considered “cured” after 5 yrs. of being cancer free. Must live with fear of recurrence Face prejudice from health insurers Psychological support is essential Financial impact
33 Stories of Hope You've got to believe in yourself and never give up. If you want to live, you cannot accept that life is over for you." 46 yr. old diagnosed with brain cancer Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer at age 40 “I have a purpose for being here a little bit longer. To the degree I can make a difference, I'm going to do it.”
34 Christina Morgan, Diagnosed with Hodgkins’s Disease while in H.S. Currently attending Univ. of Fl. Majoring in Chemistry Plans a career in medicine Currently a volunteer in Pediatric Medicine Call ACS-2345 for information about ACS college scholarships in your area. "What got me through was my belief in medical science."
35 Alexander Fields was diagnosed with non- Hodgkin's lymphoma at age ten. Alex's gift - his story - will have lasting impact on countless survivors. With the PBS broadcast of this documentary in 2006, his impact will only grow.
36 Shelby Robin was diagnosed with Ewing's Sarcoma, a rare form of bone cancer, when she was 12 years old. Shelby is the first National Spokeskid for Sunshine Kids, an international nonprofit organization focused on creating positive and exciting experiences for children with cancer.
37 Knowledge is Power Attitude is Everything BREATHE in the gift of your life
38 Life is what happens when you’re making other plans. John Lennon Laugh loud and often Devour your weekend.