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© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System

2 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

3 Bones Primary Function –Act as the framework for the body –Protect the internal organs –Store the mineral calcium Related Combining Forms –oss/e, oss/i –oste/o, ost/o

4 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Lateral View of Skull

5 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Anterior View of Skull

6 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bone Marrow Primary Functions –Red bone marrow forms some blood cells. –Yellow bone marrow stores fat. Related Combining Form –myel/o (also means spinal cord)

7 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Cartilage Primary Functions –Creates a smooth surface for motion within the joints. –Protects the ends of the bones. Related Combining Form –chondr/o

8 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Joints Primary Function –Work with the muscles to make a variety of motions possible. Related Combining Form –arthr/o

9 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Examples of Synovial Joints

10 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Synovial Joint

11 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Ligaments Primary Function –Connect one bone to another. Related Combining Form –ligament/o

12 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Synovial Membrane Primary Functions –Forms the lining of synovial joints. –Secretes synovial fluid. Related Combining Forms –synovi/o, synov/o

13 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Synovial Fluid Primary Function – Lubricant that makes smooth joint movements possible. Related Combining Forms – synovi/o, synov/o

14 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bursa Primary Function –Cushions areas of joints that are subject to friction during movement. Related Combining Form –burs/o

15 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Animations © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

16 Curvatures of the Spine Click Here to play Curvatures of the Spine animation

17 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Click Here to play Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis animation

18 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Internal Fixation of Fractures Click Here to play Internal Fixation of Fractures animation

19 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Answers to Learning Exercises © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

20 Chapter 3 Answers Matching Word Parts 1 3.1. kyph/o 3.2. chondr/o 3.3. ankyl/o 3.4. arthr/o 3.5. -um Matching Word Parts 2 3.6. crani/o 3.7. cost/o 3.8. -lysis 3.9. myel/o 3.10. -desis

21 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Matching Word Parts 3 3.11. spondyl/o 3.12. scoli/o 3.13. lord/o 3.14. synovi/o, synov/o 3.15. oste/o Definitions 3.16. diaphysis 3.17. tarsal 3.18. manubrium 3.19. synovial joint 3.20. pubis

22 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Definitions 3.21. foramen 3.22. ligament 3.23. acetabulum 3.24. phalanges 3.25. process Matching Structures 3.26. sternum 3.27. zygomatic 3.28. clavicle 3.29. patella 3.30. olecranon process

23 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Which Word? 3.31. arthrolysis 3.32. fibrous dysplasia 3.33. allogenic 3.34. vertebroplasty 3.35. osteoarthritis Spelling Counts 3.36. lumbago 3.37. osteoclasis 3.38. spondylitis 3.39. osteorrhaphy 3.40. crepitation

24 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Abbreviation Identification 3.41. bone marrow transplant 3.42. closed reduction 3.43. fracture 3.44. rheumatoid arthritis 3.45. temporomandibular joint Term Selection 3.46. osteonecrosis 3.47. lordosis 3.48. spina bifida 3.49. myeloma 3.50. callus

25 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Sentence Completion 3.51. craniectomy 3.52. subluxation 3.53. arthrodesis 3.54. arthroplasty 3.55. hallux valgus Word Surgery 3.56. burs, -ectomy 3.57. oste/o, chondr, -oma 3.58. oste/o, -malacia 3.59. peri-, ost, -itis 3.60. spondyl/o, lithesis

26 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers True/False 3.61. True 3.62. False 3.63. True 3.64. False 3.65. True Clinical Conditions 3.66. greenstick 3.67. osteomyelitis 3.68. secondary bone cancer 3.69. kyphosis 3.70. orthotic

27 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Clinical Conditions 3.71. craniotomy 3.72. autologous 3.73. chondromalacia 3.74. rheumatoid 3.75. bursitis Which Is the Correct Medical Term? 3.76. comminuted 3.77. chondroplasty 3.78. dual x-ray absorptiometry 3.79. traction 3.80. talipes

28 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Challenge Word Building 3.81. osteosclerosis 3.82. costectomy 3.83. chondropathy 3.84. arthrotomy 3.85. chondritis 3.86. arthrectomy 3.87. polyarthritis 3.88. osteoarthropathy 3.89. costotomy 3.90. craniomalacia

29 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Labeling Exercises 3.91. cervical 3.92. scapula 3.93. humerus 3.94. coccyx 3.95. femur 3.96. patella 3.97. parietal 3.98. frontal 3.99. occipital 3.100. mandible


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