Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System

2 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

3 Bones Primary Function –Act as the framework for the body –Protect the internal organs –Store the mineral calcium Related Combining Forms –oss/e, oss/i –oste/o, ost/o

4 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Lateral View of Skull

5 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Anterior View of Skull

6 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bone Marrow Primary Functions –Red bone marrow forms some blood cells. –Yellow bone marrow stores fat. Related Combining Form –myel/o (also means spinal cord)

7 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Cartilage Primary Functions –Creates a smooth surface for motion within the joints. –Protects the ends of the bones. Related Combining Form –chondr/o

8 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Joints Primary Function –Work with the muscles to make a variety of motions possible. Related Combining Form –arthr/o

9 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Examples of Synovial Joints

10 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Synovial Joint

11 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Ligaments Primary Function –Connect one bone to another. Related Combining Form –ligament/o

12 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Synovial Membrane Primary Functions –Forms the lining of synovial joints. –Secretes synovial fluid. Related Combining Forms –synovi/o, synov/o

13 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Synovial Fluid Primary Function – Lubricant that makes smooth joint movements possible. Related Combining Forms – synovi/o, synov/o

14 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bursa Primary Function –Cushions areas of joints that are subject to friction during movement. Related Combining Form –burs/o

15 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Animations © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

16 Curvatures of the Spine Click Here to play Curvatures of the Spine animation

17 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Click Here to play Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis animation

18 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Internal Fixation of Fractures Click Here to play Internal Fixation of Fractures animation

19 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Answers to Learning Exercises © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning

20 Chapter 3 Answers Matching Word Parts kyph/o 3.2. chondr/o 3.3. ankyl/o 3.4. arthr/o um Matching Word Parts crani/o 3.7. cost/o lysis 3.9. myel/o desis

21 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Matching Word Parts spondyl/o scoli/o lord/o synovi/o, synov/o oste/o Definitions diaphysis tarsal manubrium synovial joint pubis

22 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Definitions foramen ligament acetabulum phalanges process Matching Structures sternum zygomatic clavicle patella olecranon process

23 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Which Word? arthrolysis fibrous dysplasia allogenic vertebroplasty osteoarthritis Spelling Counts lumbago osteoclasis spondylitis osteorrhaphy crepitation

24 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Abbreviation Identification bone marrow transplant closed reduction fracture rheumatoid arthritis temporomandibular joint Term Selection osteonecrosis lordosis spina bifida myeloma callus

25 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Sentence Completion craniectomy subluxation arthrodesis arthroplasty hallux valgus Word Surgery burs, -ectomy oste/o, chondr, -oma oste/o, -malacia peri-, ost, -itis spondyl/o, lithesis

26 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers True/False True False True False True Clinical Conditions greenstick osteomyelitis secondary bone cancer kyphosis orthotic

27 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Clinical Conditions craniotomy autologous chondromalacia rheumatoid bursitis Which Is the Correct Medical Term? comminuted chondroplasty dual x-ray absorptiometry traction talipes

28 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Challenge Word Building osteosclerosis costectomy chondropathy arthrotomy chondritis arthrectomy polyarthritis osteoarthropathy costotomy craniomalacia

29 © 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 Answers Labeling Exercises cervical scapula humerus coccyx femur patella parietal frontal occipital mandible


Download ppt "© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 3 The Skeletal System."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google