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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Clicker Slides C H A P T E R The Skeletal System 6.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Clicker Slides C H A P T E R The Skeletal System 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Clicker Slides C H A P T E R The Skeletal System 6

2 Which of the following primary functions of the skeletal system applies to the role of bone marrow? a)support b)movement c) storage d)protection e) blood cell production

3 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

4 Which of the following is an example of the skeletal system's primary function of providing structural support? a)Red marrow fills the internal cavities of many bones. b)Individual bones provide a framework for the attachment of soft tissues and organs. c)The skull encloses the brain. d)Bones change the magnitude and direction of the forces generated by skeletal muscles. e)Calcium salts are found in bone.

5 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

6 Bone cells capable of dissolving the bony matrix are termed a)osteocytes. b)osteons. c)chondrocytes. d)osteoblasts. e)osteoclasts.

7 ID E a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

8 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

9 Immature bone cells that produce new bone matrix are termed a)stem cells. b)osteoclasts. c)osteoblasts. d)osteocytes. e)chondrocytes.

10 Osseous tissue is classified as which of the following a)supporting connective tissue b)epithelial tissue c) nonstriated muscle tissue d) striated muscle tissue e)neural tissue

11 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

12 The primary function of ________ is exemplified when bones function as levers. a)support b)protection c)movement d)storage e)blood cell production

13 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

14 ID H a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

15 The marrow cavity of a long bone is lined with ________. a)periosteum b)endosteum c)lacunae d)lamellae e)osteon

16 The connective tissue covering the outer surface of a bone is (the) a)osteon. b)articular cartilage. c)endosteum. d)matrix. e)periosteum.

17 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

18 The bones of the limbs that are longer than they are wide are classified a)irregular bones. b)short bones. c)long bones. d)sesamoid bones. e)flat bones.

19 ________ are giant bone cells with 50 or more nuclei; secrete acid and enzymes that break down the matrix a)Osteocytes b)Osteons c)Osteoblasts d)Canaliculi e)Osteoclasts

20 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

21 Which of the following is part of the axial skeleton? a)clavicle b)ribs c)patella d)coxal bones e)carpal bones

22 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

23 The shaft of a long bone is called the 1.trabecula 2.lamella 3.canaliculus 4.diaphysis 5.epiphysis

24 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

25 Carpal and tarsal bones are classified as ________ bones a)A) flat b)short c)long d)sesamoid e)irregular

26 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

27 Bone-forming cells, that also are responsible for the production of new matrix, are called ________. a)osteoclasts b)osteocytes c)osteoblasts d)calcium e)osteons

28 mature bone cells that maintain normal bone structure by recycling the calcium salts in the bony matrix around themselves a)osteoclasts b)osteocytes c)osteoblasts d)calcium e)osteons

29 The organic component of the matrix, which makes up around one- third of the mass of bone, is dominated by a)dendritic fibers. b)collagen fibers. c)calcium fibers d) giant fibers.

30 Which of the following accounts for almost two-thirds of the mass of bone tissue? a)protein fibers b)cells c)calcium phosphate d)polysaccharides e) osteons

31 An increase in the diameter (width) of growing bone is termed ________ growth a)intramembranous b)epiphyseal c)ossification d)endochondral e)appositional

32 Rickets is a condition marked by a softening and bending of bones that occurs in growing children, as a result of ________ deficiency a)vitamin D3 b)growth hormone c)thyroid hormone d)vitamin A e)vitamin C

33 The presence of a definitive epiphyseal line indicates a)epiphyseal growth is just beginning. b)growth in bone diameter is just beginning. c)the bone is fractured at that location. d)epiphyseal growth has ended. e) none of the above

34 In general, the process of ________ replaces existing cartilage with bone a)ossification b)blood cell production c)resabsorption d)calcification e) osteolysis f)

35 ID K a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

36 results in bone projecting through the skin. 1.Compound fracture 2.Compound reduction 3.Closed reduction 4.Open reduction

37 Which of the following is part of the appendicular skeleton? a)the vertebrae b)the sternum c)the scapula d)the manubrium e)the skull

38 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

39 ID C a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

40 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

41 ID G a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

42 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

43 ID I a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

44 ID D a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

45 An example is the humerus 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

46 Complex in shape 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

47 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

48 An example is the scapula 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

49 About as wide as they are long 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

50 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

51 An example is the carpal bones 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

52 Are broad 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

53 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

54 ID F a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

55 ID J a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

56 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

57 ID B a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

58 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

59 ID A a)Articular CartIlage b)Blood vessels c)Marrow cavity d)Epiphyseal line e)Diaphysis f)Proximal Epiphysis g)Distal Epiphysis h)Compact bone i)Spongy bone j)Periosteum k)Endosteum

60 An example is a vertebra 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

61 ID arrow 1.Cranium 2.Vertebrae 3.Sacrum 4.Coccyx 5.Clavicle 6.Scapula 7.Humerus 8.Radius 9.Ulna 10.Carpal bones 11.Metacarpal 12.Phalanges 13.Pelvis 14.Femur 15.Patella 16.Tibia 17.Fibia 18.Tarsals 19.Metatarsals

62 Longer than they are wide 1.Long bone 2.Short bone 3.Flat bone 4.Irregular bone

63 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Bones store energy reserves as ________ in areas filled with ________. a)lipids; red marrow b)proteins; yellow marrow c)lipids; yellow marrow d)proteins; red marrow

64 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Bones store energy reserves as ________ in areas filled with ________. a)lipids; red marrow b)proteins; yellow marrow c)lipids; yellow marrow d)proteins; red marrow

65 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The humerus is an example of which bone classification? a)flat b)short c)irregular d)long

66 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The humerus is an example of which bone classification? a)flat b)short c)irregular d)long

67 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The sheets of calcified matrix, in which small pockets with osteocytes are found, are called a)canaliculi. b)lacunae. c)trabeculae. d)lamellae.

68 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The sheets of calcified matrix, in which small pockets with osteocytes are found, are called a)canaliculi. b)lacunae. c)trabeculae. d)lamellae.

69 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following structures link the blood vessels of central canals with those of the periosteum and marrow cavity? a)trabeculae b)perforating canals c)canaliculi d)lamellae

70 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following structures link the blood vessels of central canals with those of the periosteum and marrow cavity? a)trabeculae b)perforating canals c)canaliculi d)lamellae

71 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which cells secrete acids and enzymes that dissolve the bony matrix through osteolysis? a)osteoclasts b)osteoblasts c)osteoprogenitor cells d)osteocytes

72 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which cells secrete acids and enzymes that dissolve the bony matrix through osteolysis? a)osteoclasts b)osteoblasts c)osteoprogenitor cells d)osteocytes

73 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following are most prone to osteopenia? a)epiphyses of long bones b)diaphyses of long bones c)mastoid processes d)ribs

74 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following are most prone to osteopenia? a)epiphyses of long bones b)diaphyses of long bones c)mastoid processes d)ribs

75 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A patient suffered a broken humerus in a bicycle accident. The broken ends of the bone protruded through the skin. This is known as a ________ fracture. a)Pott's b)Colles' c)compound d)simple

76 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A patient suffered a broken humerus in a bicycle accident. The broken ends of the bone protruded through the skin. This is known as a ________ fracture. a)Pott's b)Colles' c)compound d)simple

77 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following bones are formed by the process of intramembranous ossification? a)clavicles b)os coxae c)vertebrae d)All of the answers are correct.

78 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following bones are formed by the process of intramembranous ossification? a)clavicles b)os coxae c)vertebrae d)All of the answers are correct.

79 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Rickets is a softening and bending of the bones that occurs in children as a result of ________ deficiency. a)vitamin C b)vitamin A c)magnesium d)vitamin D 3

80 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Rickets is a softening and bending of the bones that occurs in children as a result of ________ deficiency. a)vitamin C b)vitamin A c)magnesium d)vitamin D 3

81 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which is the correct order of events in endochondral ossification? 1 - The bone of the shaft thickens, and the cartilage near each epiphysis is replaced by shafts of bone. 2 - Blood vessels penetrate the cartilage. New osteoblasts form a primary ossification center. 3 - Chondrocytes at the center of the growing cartilage model enlarge and then die as the matrix calcifies. 4 - Blood vessels invade the epiphyses and osteoblasts form secondary centers of ossification. 5 - Newly derived osteoblasts cover the shaft of the cartilage in a thin layer of bone. a)4-3-1-2-5 b)3-5-2-1-4 c)5-3-2-4-1 d)3-5-2-4-1

82 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which is the correct order of events in endochondral ossification? 1 - The bone of the shaft thickens, and the cartilage near each epiphysis is replaced by shafts of bone. 2 - Blood vessels penetrate the cartilage. New osteoblasts form a primary ossification center. 3 - Chondrocytes at the center of the growing cartilage model enlarge and then die as the matrix calcifies. 4 - Blood vessels invade the epiphyses and osteoblasts form secondary centers of ossification. 5 - Newly derived osteoblasts cover the shaft of the cartilage in a thin layer of bone. a)4-3-1-2-5 b)3-5-2-1-4 c)5-3-2-4-1 d)3-5-2-4-1

83 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


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