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Chapter 6 — The Skeletal System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Skeletal System Functions/ Compact and Spongy Bones Ossification.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 — The Skeletal System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Skeletal System Functions/ Compact and Spongy Bones Ossification."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 6 — The Skeletal System $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Skeletal System Functions/ Compact and Spongy Bones Ossification and Remodeling/ Aging Bone Markings/ Skull/ Vertebrae Pectoral and Pelvic Girdles/ Upper and Lower Limbs Articulations FINAL ROUND

2 Topic 1: $100 Question Bones store energy reserves as ____ in areas filled with ____. a.lipids, red marrow b. proteins, yellow marrow c. lipids, yellow marrow d. proteins, red marrow BACK TO GAME ANSWER

3 Topic 1: $100 Answer Bones store energy reserves as ____ in areas filled with ____. a.lipids, red marrow b. proteins, yellow marrow c. lipids, yellow marrow d. proteins, red marrow BACK TO GAME

4 Topic 1: $200 Question Parietal bones of the skull are examples of which classification of bones? a. flat bones b. short bones c. irregular bones d. long bones BACK TO GAME ANSWER

5 Topic 1: $200 Answer Parietal bones of the skull are examples of which classification of bones? a. flat bones b. short bones c. irregular bones d. long bones BACK TO GAME

6 Topic 1: $300 Question The sheets of calcified matrix, in which small pockets with osteocytes are found, are called _________. a. canaliculi b. lacunae c. trabeculae d. lamellae BACK TO GAME ANSWER

7 Topic 1: $300 Answer The sheets of calcified matrix, in which small pockets with osteocytes are found, are called _________. a. canaliculi b. lacunae c. trabeculae d. lamellae BACK TO GAME

8 Topic 1: $400 Question Which of the following structures link the blood vessels of central canals with those of the periosteum and marrow cavity? a. trabeculae b. perforating canals c. canaliculi d. lamellae BACK TO GAME ANSWER

9 Topic 1: $400 Answer Which of the following structures link the blood vessels of central canals with those of the periosteum and marrow cavity? a. trabeculae b. perforating canals c. canaliculi d. lamellae BACK TO GAME

10 Topic 1: $500 Question The cells, which secrete acids and enzymes that dissolve the bony matrix through osteolysis, are called _________. a. osteoclasts b. osteoblasts c. osteoprogenitor cells d. osteocytes BACK TO GAME ANSWER

11 Topic 1: $500 Answer The cells, which secrete acids and enzymes that dissolve the bony matrix through osteolysis, are called _________. a. osteoclasts b. osteoblasts c. osteoprogenitor cells d. osteocytes BACK TO GAME

12 Topic 2: $100 Question Which of the following is most prone to osteopenia? a. epiphyses of long bones b. diaphyses of long bones c. mastoid processes d. ribs BACK TO GAME ANSWER

13 Topic 2: $100 Answer Which of the following is most prone to osteopenia? a. epiphyses of long bones b. diaphyses of long bones c. mastoid processes d. ribs BACK TO GAME

14 Topic 2: $200 Question Neurons and muscle cells become relatively unresponsive if calcium concentrations increase by what percent? a. 15% b. 70% c. 30% d. 50% BACK TO GAME ANSWER

15 Topic 2: $200 Answer Neurons and muscle cells become relatively unresponsive if calcium concentrations increase by what percent? a. 15% b. 70% c. 30% d. 50% BACK TO GAME

16 Topic 2: $300 Question Fractures that shatter the area into many smaller fragments are called ____ fractures. a. spiral b. comminuted c. transverse d. Colles BACK TO GAME ANSWER

17 Topic 2: $300 Answer Fractures that shatter the area into many smaller fragments are called ____ fractures. a. spiral b. comminuted c. transverse d. Colles BACK TO GAME

18 Topic 2: $400 Question Which of the following bones is/are formed by the process of intramembranous ossification? a. clavicles b. os coxae c. vertebrae d. All of the above. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

19 Topic 2: $400 Answer Which of the following bones is/are formed by the process of intramembranous ossification? a. clavicles b. os coxae c. vertebrae d. All of the above. BACK TO GAME

20 Topic 2: $500 Question Rickets is a softening and bending of the bones that occurs in children as a result of ____ deficiency. a. vitamin C b. vitamin A c. magnesium d. vitamin D 3 BACK TO GAME ANSWER

21 Topic 2: $500 Answer Rickets is a softening and bending of the bones that occurs in children as a result of ____ deficiency. a. vitamin C b. vitamin A c. magnesium d. vitamin D 3 BACK TO GAME

22 Topic 3: $100 Question A narrow groove on bone is called a/an ________. a. fossa b. sulcus c. meatus d. line BACK TO GAME ANSWER

23 Topic 3: $100 Answer A narrow groove on bone is called a/an ________. a. fossa b. sulcus c. meatus d. line BACK TO GAME

24 Topic 3: $200 Question The bones that form the roof and superior walls of the cranium are the ____ bones. a. temporal b. maxillary c. sphenoid d. parietal BACK TO GAME ANSWER

25 Topic 3: $200 Answer The bones that form the roof and superior walls of the cranium are the ____ bones. a. temporal b. maxillary c. sphenoid d. parietal BACK TO GAME

26 Topic 3: $300 Question Which spinal curve develops with the ability of a child to stand? a. lumbar b. thoracic c. cervical d. sacral BACK TO GAME ANSWER

27 Topic 3: $300 Answer Which spinal curve develops with the ability of a child to stand? a. lumbar b. thoracic c. cervical d. sacral BACK TO GAME

28 Topic 3: $400 Question Which vertebrae possess transverse foramina? a. thoracic b. sacral c. cervical d. lumbar BACK TO GAME ANSWER

29 Topic 3: $400 Answer Which vertebrae possess transverse foramina? a. thoracic b. sacral c. cervical d. lumbar BACK TO GAME

30 Topic 3: $500 Question The structure, which articulates with the clavicles of the appendicular skeleton and with the cartilages of the first pair of ribs, is the _______. a. sternal body b. manubrium c. costal margin d. xiphoid process BACK TO GAME ANSWER

31 Topic 3: $500 Answer The structure, which articulates with the clavicles of the appendicular skeleton and with the cartilages of the first pair of ribs, is the _______. a. sternal body b. manubrium c. costal margin d. xiphoid process BACK TO GAME

32 Topic 4: $100 Question Which structure marks the attachment of powerful muscles that pull the shaft of the femur toward the midline (adduction)? a. linea aspera b. greater trochanter c. lateral condyle d.capitulum BACK TO GAME ANSWER

33 Topic 4: $100 Answer Which structure marks the attachment of powerful muscles that pull the shaft of the femur toward the midline (adduction)? a. linea aspera b. greater trochanter c. lateral condyle d.capitulum BACK TO GAME

34 Topic 4: $200 Question The region on the humerus, that corresponds to the epiphyseal cartilage, is the _________. a. head b. anatomical neck c. surgical neck d. greater tubercle BACK TO GAME ANSWER

35 Topic 4: $200 Answer The region on the humerus, that corresponds to the epiphyseal cartilage, is the _________. a. head b. anatomical neck c. surgical neck d. greater tubercle BACK TO GAME

36 Topic 4: $300 Question The structure, that extends from the base of the coronoid fossa anteriorly to the olecranon fossa posteriorly, is the _________. a. trochlea b. capitulum c. greater tubercle d. lesser tubercle BACK TO GAME ANSWER

37 Topic 4: $300 Answer The structure, that extends from the base of the coronoid fossa anteriorly to the olecranon fossa posteriorly, is the _________. a. trochlea b. capitulum c. greater tubercle d. lesser tubercle BACK TO GAME

38 Topic 4: $400 Question How many phalanges exist in the body? a. 10 b. 28 c. 20 d. 56 BACK TO GAME ANSWER

39 Topic 4: $400 Answer How many phalanges exist in the body? a. 10 b. 28 c. 20 d. 56 BACK TO GAME

40 Topic 4: $500 Question Which structure provides medial support for the ankle? a. medial condyle b. lateral malleolus c. medial malleolus d. lateral condyle BACK TO GAME ANSWER

41 Topic 4: $500 Answer Which structure provides medial support for the ankle? a. medial condyle b. lateral malleolus c. medial malleolus d. lateral condyle BACK TO GAME

42 Topic 5: $100 Question Slightly movable joints are known as which of the following? a. synarthroses b. amphiarthroses c. diarthroses d. synovial BACK TO GAME ANSWER

43 Topic 5: $100 Answer Slightly movable joints are known as which of the following? a. synarthroses b. amphiarthroses c. diarthroses d. synovial BACK TO GAME

44 Topic 5: $200 Question Structurally, epiphyseal cartilages are known as _________. a. synchondroses b.gomphoses c. syndesmoses d. symphyses BACK TO GAME ANSWER

45 Topic 5: $200 Answer Structurally, epiphyseal cartilages are known as _________. a. synchondroses b.gomphoses c. syndesmoses d. symphyses BACK TO GAME

46 Topic 5: $300 Question Which type of movement moves the heel of the hand toward the body? a.abduction b. protraction c. inversion d. adduction BACK TO GAME ANSWER

47 Topic 5: $300 Answer Which type of movement moves the heel of the hand toward the body? a.abduction b. protraction c. inversion d. adduction BACK TO GAME

48 Topic 5: $400 Question Functionally, the joint between the atlas and the axis is a/an ____ joint. a.saddle b. pivot c. ellipsoidal d. gliding BACK TO GAME ANSWER

49 Topic 5: $400 Answer Functionally, the joint between the atlas and the axis is a/an ____ joint. a.saddle b. pivot c. ellipsoidal d. gliding BACK TO GAME

50 Topic 5: $500 Question The tendons responsible for extending the knee pass over the ____ surface(s) of the joint. a.posterior b. anterior c. medial and lateral d. All of the above. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

51 Topic 5: $500 Answer The tendons responsible for extending the knee pass over the ____ surface(s) of the joint. a.posterior b. anterior c. medial and lateral d. All of the above. BACK TO GAME

52 FINAL ROUND Question List the events of endochondral ossification in the proper order. 1 - The bone of the shaft thickens, and the cartilage near each epiphysis is replaced by shafts of bone. 2 - Blood vessels penetrate the cartilage. New osteoblasts form a primary ossification center. 3 - Chondrocytes at the center of the growing cartilage model enlarge and then die as the matrix calcifies. 4 - Blood vessels invade the epiphyses and osteoblasts form secondary centers of ossification. 5 - Newly derived osteoblasts cover the shaft of the cartilage in a thin layer of bone. a b c d BACK TO GAME ANSWER

53 FINAL ROUND Answer List the events of endochondral ossification in the proper order. 1 - The bone of the shaft thickens, and the cartilage near each epiphysis is replaced by shafts of bone. 2 - Blood vessels penetrate the cartilage. New osteoblasts form a primary ossification center. 3 - Chondrocytes at the center of the growing cartilage model enlarge and then die as the matrix calcifies. 4 - Blood vessels invade the epiphyses and osteoblasts form secondary centers of ossification. 5 - Newly derived osteoblasts cover the shaft of the cartilage in a thin layer of bone. a b c d BACK TO GAME


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