Presentation on theme: "HS111 – Medical Terminology Seminar March 30 th – April 5 th, 2011."— Presentation transcript:
HS111 – Medical Terminology Seminar March 30 th – April 5 th, 2011
Learning Activities for this week 1. Complete Reading – Ch.2 & Ch.3 2. Participate in Discussion - initial post doesn’t have to be 100 words, but try using at least 5 medical terms; also, initial post has to be by Saturday at 11:59pm EST 3. Participate in Seminar – Opt. 1 or 2 4. Take the Quiz 5. No project due this week
Review from last week – intro to word parts * * Don’t forget ** 1. Word root – the word part that is the core of the word 2. Prefix – attached to the beginning of the word root to modify its meaning 3. Suffix – attached to the end of the word root to modify its meaning (most med. terms have a suffix) 4. Combining vowel – a word part, usually an ‘o,’ used to ease pronunciation 5. Defining med.terms – start with suffix, then move to beginning of word ex. Oste/o/pathy – disease of the bone
Chapter 2 – Body Structure, Color, and Oncology Organization of the human body o Cell – basic unit of life o Tissues – group of similar cells that perform a specific task o Organs – 2+ kinds of tissues that perform special body functions together o Systems – group of organs working together to perform complex body functions
Combining forms of body structure Aden/o – gland Cyt/o – cell Epitheli/o – epithelium Fibr/o – fiber Hist/o – tissue Kary/o – nucleus Lip/o – fat My/o – muscle Neur/o – nerve Organ/o – organ Sarc/o – flesh, connective tissue System/o – system Viscer/o – internal organs
More combining forms used with body structure terms Cancer/o or carcin/o – cancer Eti/o – cause (of disease) Gno/o – knowledge Iatr/o – MD, medicine Onc/o – tumor, mass Path/o – disease Somat/o – body Lei/o – smooth Rhabd/o - striated
Quiz time – who’s awake!? Tell me what the def’s are: Hist/o - ? My/o - ? Viscer/o - ? Sarc/o - ? Eti/o - ?
Combining forms that describe color Chrom/o – color Erythro/o – red Xanth/o – yellow Chlor/o – green Cyan/o – blue Melan/o – black Leuk/o - white
Another quiz! What do these words mean? 1. Fibr/oma 2. My/oma 3. Lip/oma 4. Melan/oma
More to that! Cancerous tumor – WR / S Tumor composed of nerve- WR / S Tumor composed of smooth muscle- WR / CV / WR / S
Body structure terms Dysplasia – abnormal development Erythrocyte- RBC Histology – study of tissue Leukocyte – WBC Carcinogen – substance that causes cancer Cyanosis – abnormal condition of blue color Diagnosis – state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease) Etiology – study of causes (of diseases) Metastasis – beyond control (transfer of disease from one organ to another) Oncologist – MD who studies/treats tumors Pathogenic – producing disease Prognosis – state of before knowledge (prediction of outcome of the disease)
Quiz time! Define the following terms: Histology - ??? Carcinogen - ??? Oncologist - ??? Prognosis - ???
Cancer terms Benign – not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery Chemotherapy – treatment of cancer with drugs Exacerbation – increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms Idiopathic – pertaining to disease of unknown origin In vitro – within a glass, observable within a test tube Radiation therapy – treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, X-ray, or radiation Remission – improvement or absence of signs of the disease
Check out Singular & Plural Endings for Medical Terms You will need to bookmark this page for future reference
Chapter 3 – Directional Terms, Anatomic Planes, Regions, & Quadrants Combining Forms Anter/o – front Caud/o- tail (downward) Cephal/o – head (upward) Dist/o – away (from the point of attachment of a body part) Dors/o – back Infer/o – below Later/o – side Medi/o – middle Poster/o – back, behind Proxim/o – near (the point of attachment of a body part) Super/o – above Ventr/o – belly (front)
Quiz Fill in the blank: The combining form meaning middle is __________. The combining form meaning tail (downward) is ___________.
Prefixes & suffixes Let’s go over these together: Bi- means what? Uni– means what? -ad means what? -ior means what?
Directional terms Caudad – toward the tail Cephalad – toward the head Lateral – pertaining to the side Medial – pertaining to the middle Unilateral – pertaining to one side Bilateral – pertaining to two sides Mediolateral – pertaining to the middle and to the side Posterior – pertaining to the back Distal – pertaining to away Proximal – pertaining to near Inferior – pertaining to below Superior – pertaining to above Caudal – pertaining to the tail Cephalic – pertaining to the head Anterior – pertaining to the front Dorsal – pertaining to the back
Anatomic planes Frontal or coronal – vertical field passing through body from side to side (dividing body into anterior and posterior parts) Sagittal – vertical field running through the body from front to back (dividing body into right and left sides) Midsagittal – divides the body into right and left halves Transverse – horizontal field dividing body into upper and lower parts
Quiz – just one more Fill in the blank Fill in the blank: 1. Medial means pertaining to the ________. 2. Anterior means pertaining to the ________. 3. Cephalic means pertaining to the _______. 4. ________ is the horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions.
The 9 abdominopelvic regions 1. Umbilical region – around the naval 2. Epigastric region – right above the umbilical region 3. Hypogastric region – right below the umbilical region 4. Hypochondriac regions (2) – to the right and left of the epigastric region 5. Lumbar regions (2) – to the right and left of the umbilical region 6. Iliac regions (2) – to the right and left of the hypogastric region
4 Abdominopelvic quadrants 1. RUQ – right upper quadrant 2. LUQ – left upper quadrant 3. RLQ – right lower quadrant 4. LLQ – left lower quadrant