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Tema meoTxe peloponesis omi - strategiuli garemo da omis winapirobebi. peloponesis omis zogadi msvleloba. aTenelTa strategia. omis gaWianurebuli xasiaTi.

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Presentation on theme: "Tema meoTxe peloponesis omi - strategiuli garemo da omis winapirobebi. peloponesis omis zogadi msvleloba. aTenelTa strategia. omis gaWianurebuli xasiaTi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Tema meoTxe peloponesis omi - strategiuli garemo da omis winapirobebi. peloponesis omis zogadi msvleloba. aTenelTa strategia. omis gaWianurebuli xasiaTi. aTenis marcxi. diskusia Temaze ratom ar imuSava aTenelTa strategiam? omis cvalebadi xasiaTi.

2 geopolitikuri viTareba peloponesis omis win  aTenis gaZliereba.  ilotebis ajanyeba spartaSi 465 wels da misi politikuri Sedegi.  potidea da kerkira: dapirispireba aTensa da korinTos Soris  silogosi - peloponesis kavSiris warmomadgenelTa saerTo kreba(Zv.w. 432 w.)

3 AaTenis imperia omis win

4 aTenis didi kedeli

5 Ppirveli peloponesuri omi da ocdaaTwliani zavi  periodi  geografia  Sedegi  dapirispirebuli mxareebi Zv.w w.w. materikuli saberZneTi SeTanxmeba ocdaaTwlian zavze aTeni da argosi spartasa da Tebes winaaRmdeg

6 peloponesis meore omis msvleloba

7 zogadi cnobebi PperiodiZv.w w.w. geografiamaterikuli saberZneTi, egeosis zRvis kunZulebi, mcire azia, sicilia Sedegispartis gamarjveba teritoriuli cvlilebebiaTenis imperiis ganadgureba mowinaaRmdegeeb i aTenis imperia da peloponesis kavSiri sardlebiperikle, kleoni, nikeasi da alkibiade (aTeni), arqidam II, brasiade, lisandri (sparta)

8 perikle alkibiade

9 ZiriTadi saxmeleTo brZolebi  amfipolisis  deliumis  etoliuri kampania  idomenesTan  300 gamorCeulis brZola  mantineasTan  megarasTan  melosTan  mitelenasTan  notiumTan  olpesTan  potideasTan  pilosTan  siciliuri eqspedicia  sfaqterasTan  xalkidasTan  tanagrasTan

10 ZiriTadi sazRvao brZolebi  abidosTan  arginuzasTan  egospotamTan  eritreasTan  kinozemasTan  kizikTan  naupaqtusTan  riumTan  sibotasTan  simesTan

11 ZiriTadi literaturuli wyaroebi  Tukidide - istoria: moTxrobilia ambebi omis daswyisidan 411 wlamde. TviTmxilvelis Canawerebi.  qsenofonti - berZnuli istoria: agrZelebs Tukidides Txrobas 411 wlidan 362 wlamde. iTvleba mikerZoebul mkvlevaradAD  diodore sicilieli - istoriuli biblioTeka: mocemulia mTliani suraTi  plutarqe - rCeuli biografiebi: Seicavs peloponesis omis fragmentebs.

12 spartasa da aTenis gansxvavebuli strategia  aTenis sazRvao strategia spartis sxmeleTo operaciebis winaaRmdeg  omis pirveli faza – arxidamis omi Zv.w w.w.  nikeas zavi Zv.w. 421 w.

13 aTenelTa strategiis ZiriTadi moTxovnebi  TavdacviTi moqmedebebi xmeleTze  SeteviTi moqmedebebi zRvaze  savaWro urTierTobebis SenarCuneba

14 spartis strategiuli amocana  saxmeleTo operaciebiT strategiuli iniciativis mopoveba da aTenis blokada

15 spartasa da aTenis gansxvavebuli strategia

16 mowinaaRmdegeebi icvlian strategias omis meore faza: w.w.  siciliuri eqspedicia  eqspediciis Canafiqri  politikuri intrigebi aTenSi  gegma cnobili xdeba  fiasko

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18 omis mesame faza: w.w.  spartis axali midgoma omisadmi: omis Teatris Secvla da ajanyebebis mxardaWera  sparseTis Careva  aTenis flotis ganadgureba  aTenis marcxi

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20 sfaqteria Zv.w. 425 w.

21 zogadi monacemebi mowinaagmdegeebi aTeni sparta sardlebi demosTene epidatas kleoni stifoni Zalebi hopliti 440 hopliti msubuqi qveiTi danakargebi 230 kacamde148 mokluli danarCeni datyvevebuli

22 brZola kunZul sfaqteriaze

23 arginusis brZola Zv.w. 406 w.

24 zogadi monacemebi mowinaagmdegeebi aTeni sparta sardlebi rva strategosikalikraditasi Zalebi 155 gemi 120 gemi danakargebi 25 gemi70 gemi

25 brZola arginusTan

26 egopostamis brZola Zv.w. 404 w.

27 zogadi monacemebi mowinaagmdegeebi aTeni, delosis ligasparta, korinTo, peloponesis liga, sparseTi sardlebi eqvsi strategosilisandre Zalebi 170 gemi arazusti monacemebiT 180 gemi danakargebi 160 gemi, aTasobiT mezRvauri mokluliminimaluri

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29 peloponesis omis Sedegebi  cvlilebebi ekonomikaSi: aTeni umdidresi polisidan Ratak da damokidebul warmonaqmnad iqca da veRarasodes ver aRdga. siRatake Cveul movlenad iqca spartaSic.  cvlilebebi sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi: demokratiuli marTva Seicvala tiraniiT. SemdgomSi politikuri brZola yivelTvis samoqalaqo omis saxes iRebs

30 peloponesis omis Sedegebi  geopolitikuri cvlilebebi: aTenis imperia arsebobas wyvets. sparta 30 wliani perodoT xdeba elnuri samyaros hegemoni. sparseTi sul ufro mzard gavlenas iZens saberZneTis Sida politikur saqmeebSi.

31 mniSvnelovani samxedro siaxle  strategiuli siaxle: 1. omis erT-erT mTavar amocanad iqca brZola mokavSireebisaTvis 2. meore mniSvnelovani amocanaa zRvaze upiratesobis mopoveba 3. meore amocanam gansazRvra armiisa da flotis urTierTqmedebis daxvewis aucilebloba 4. peolponesis omSi orive mxares gaaCnda winaswar gaazrebuli omis gegma.

32 mniSvnelovani samxedro siaxle  organizaciuli siaxle 1. sruldeba gadasvla laSqridan daqiravebul, profesiul armiaze 2. Cndeba jaris axali saxe qveiTi peltastebi, mosaxleobis uRaribesi fenebis samxedro samianobaSi CarTvis xarjze

33 mniSvnelovani samxedro siaxle  taqtikuri siaxle: 1. manevri, romelic mZime da msubuqi qveiTebis urTierTqmedebas eyrdnoba, xdeba taqtikuri xelovnebis ZiriTadi elementi. 2. gamoikveTa iribi sabrZolo wyobis gamoyenebis niSnebi, romelic Semdeg brZolis velze upiratesobis miRwevis erTad-erT saSualebad darCeba did xans.

34 rekomendirebuli literatura  Tukidide. istoria. Bbakur sulakauris gamomcemloba, Tbilisi, 2007  C. ernst diupui, Trevor n. diupui. msoflio omebis istoria. wigni pirveli, gamomcemloba poligoni, 1997, s-peterburgi (rusulad)  piter konoli. saberZneTi da romi. samxedro xelovnebis evolucia 12 saukunis manZilze. gamomcemloba eksmo-presi, 2000 (rusulad)  genaral-maiori razini e.a. samxedro xelovnebis istoria Zv.w. XXXI saukunidan Cv.w. VI saukunemde. gamomcemloba poligoni, 1994, moskovi (rusulad)

35 rekomendirebuli literatura  hans delbruki. samxedro xelovnebis istoria. t.1, gamomcemloba mecniereba, 2001, s-peterburgi (rusulad)  J.F.C. Fuller. A Military History of the Western World, t.1, Tavebi 1-9, 1954, niu iorki.


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