Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

DESCRIBING SPECIES RATHACHAI CHAWUTHAI. REFERENCE 2.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "DESCRIBING SPECIES RATHACHAI CHAWUTHAI. REFERENCE 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 DESCRIBING SPECIES RATHACHAI CHAWUTHAI

2 REFERENCE 2

3 AGENDA  Taxonomy  Species  Changing  Etc. 3

4 4 TAXONOMY

5  Kingdom  Phylum / Division  Class  Order  Family  Genus  Species 5

6 EXAMPLE 6

7 7

8 SCIENTIFIC NAME  Naming  Genus + Species  Example  Descriptive name  Rattus villosisimus: the hairest rat  Geographic name  Lilium candense: Canada lily  And Etc. 8

9 9 SPECIES

10 SPECIES CONCEPT  Species are the most inclusive population of individuals having the potential for phenotypic cohesion mechanisms, i.e., mechanisms that limit the population boundaries by the action of such basic microevolutionary forces as gene flow, natural selection and genetic drift. (Templeton, 1989) 10

11 NEW SPECIES FOUND !!!  Community Studies and Surveys  Behavior Differences  E.g. Frogs which are similar but have different sound level  Genetic Evidence (Chromosomal and Molecular)  Same finches in different islands cannot breed 11

12 12 CHANGING

13 13 Growing of knowledge and naming rule Become CHANGE Because Synonym?

14 TYPES OF CHANGE  Perspectives Towards a language for mapping relationships among taxonomic concepts  N. M. Franz1  Department of Biology, PO Box  9012, University of Puerto Rico,  Mayag¨uez, PR 00681, USA  R. K. Peet  CB 3280, Coker Hall, University  of North Carolina, Chapel Hill,  NC , USA  journals.cambridge.org  Submitted March 2008  Accepted June

15 CHANGES OF CONCEPT 15

16 CHANGES OF CONCEPT 16

17 CHANGES OF CONCEPT 17

18 NAME CHANGE  Is a new name for  Frustulia ovalis Kützing 1833 is a new name for Navicula amphora Ehrenberg

19 SPELLING  Is spelling sequence for  Ancistrus macropthalmus is spelling sequence for Ancistrus macrophthalmus  Is correct spelling sequence for  Ancistrus macrophthalmus is correct spelling sequence for Ancistrus macropthalmus 19

20 HOMONYMY  Is a homonym of  Eriococcus mancus Ferris, 1955 is a homonym of Eriococcus mancus (Maskell, 1897)  Is a junior homonym of  Eriococcus mancus Ferris, 1955 is a junior homonym of Eriococcus mancus (Maskell, 1897)  Is a senior homonym of  Eriococcus mancus (Maskell, 1897) is a senior homonym of Eriococcus mancus Ferris,

21 SYNONYMY  Is a synonym for  Apiomorpha nux Fuller, 1896 is a synonym for Apiomorpha pharetrata Scharder, 1863  Is a junior synonym for  Apiomorpha nux Fuller, 1896 is a junior synonym for Apiomorpha pharetrata Scharder, 1863  Is a senior synonym for  Apiomorpha pharetrata Scharder, 1863 is a senior synonym for Apiomorpha nux Fuller,

22 TYPES OF CHANGE  Nomencurator: a nomenclatural history model to handle multiple taxonomic views (Website)  Describing Species (Book)  Taxonomic Changes (Website)  Preliminary design document for taxon names and concepts (Website)  Why names change: the new thinking in taxonomy banksia/why_names_change.php (Website) banksia/why_names_change.php 22

23 THREE LAYERS MODEL 23

24 CHANGES OF CLASSIFICATION  Splitting  Merge Amaurospiza and Cyanocompsa into Cyanoloxia  Merging / Lumping  Merge Amaurospiza and Cyanocompsa into Cyanoloxia 24

25 CHANGES OF CLASSIFICATION  Promoting  Promote Canis arctos (subspecies of Canis lupus) to be a species under genus Canis  Demoting  Demote Hordeum leporinum (of genus Hordeum) to be subspecies of Hordeum murinum  Changing higher taxon  Genus Archipetalia (from family Neopetaliidae) to be under family Archipetaliidae 25

26 ONOTLOGY  The ontology of biological taxa  Stefan Schulz, Holger Stenzhorn, and Martin Boeker  ull.pdf ull.pdf 26

27 27

28 ONOTLOGY  TaxMeOn Towards a language for mapping relationships among taxonomic concepts  N. M. Franz1  Department of Biology, PO Box  9012, University of Puerto Rico,  Mayag¨uez, PR 00681, USA  R. K. Peet  CB 3280, Coker Hall, University  of North Carolina, Chapel Hill,  NC , USA  journals.cambridge.org  Submitted March 2008  Accepted June

29 29

30 30

31 SUMMARY Taxon Concept Change Name Rename New name Spelling sequence Synonym Junior Synonym Senior Synonym Common Name Homonym Junior Homonym Senior Homonym Classification Remodel Merging Splitting Hierarchy Change Promoting Demoting Changing higher taxon 31

32 32

33  and  nia and nia 33

34 Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Stromboidea Strombidae Lambis Lambis accipitrina Röding, 1798 Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Stromboidea Strombidae Strombus Strombus accipiter Dillwyn,

35 35

36 FROM TAIWAN’S MOSS 36

37 Page 308 Barbula ehrenbergii Fleischer 1901 syn. Hydrogonium ehrenbergii (Lor.) Jaeg =============================================== Genus Barbula (Hedwig, Sp. Musc. Frond ) SubGenus Hydrogonium (Müller Hal. Jaeger, 1880) =============================================== Deny: Hydrogonium –(SubGenusOf)  Barbula Assert: Hydrogonium –(GenusOf)  Pottiaceae Ref: Zander, R.H Genera of the Pottiaceae: Mosses of harsh environments. New York “” 37

38 Before Coscinodon (1804) is a sub genus of Grimmia (1801) 1908: Grimmia decalvata Cardot, : DEGUCHI, H A revision of the genera Grimmia, Coscinodon and Schistidium (Musci) in Japan. – J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., ser. B, div. 2 16(2): http://arctoa.ru/ru/Archive-ru/17/1coscinodon.pdf Historically, North American authors have often considered Coscinodon to be a subgenus of Grimmia. Not until the 1980's did they follow the European approach distinguishing these two genera. The separation of these two genera is largely based on the sporophyte 1943: Coscinodon japonicus Sakurai : Book p.324 (JJB 19) Coscinodon japonicus Sakurai 1943 = Grimmia decalvata Cardot,

39 Before Oxyrrhynchium is SubGenus Of Eurhynchium Species: Oxyrrhynchium asperisetum (Müll. Hal.) Broth. M 1905: Promote: Oxyrrhynchium as a genus 1939: Species: Eurhynchium asperisetum E. B. Bartram, 1939 Book p.378 Eurhynchium asperisetum = Oxyrrhynchium asperisetum 39

40 Before Genus: Eriopus Eriopus japonicus Cardot & Thér. 1974: Calyptrochaeta replaced Eriopus 1979 : P.337(?) & http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/tro Calyptrochaeta japonica Iwatsuki & Noguchi, 1979 Synonym Eriopus japonicus Cardot & Thér 40

41 pdfhttp://www.qucosa.de/fileadmin/data/qucosa/documents/124/ pdf 41

42 >> P : Genus Porothamnium –(under)  SubFam Thamnioideae 1984 : Genus Porothamnium –(under)  Fam Neckeraceae 42

43 >> P.391 Before : subg. Lescuraea subg. Pseudoleskea 1911 : Pseudoleskea incurvata Loeske, : Numerous bryologists (e.g. Lawton 1957) considered Pseudoleskea to be synonym of Lescuraea Lescuraea  Accept 1957 : Lescuraea incurvata (Hedw.) E. Lawton 43

44 1902 Rhaphidostegium lutschianum Broth. & Paris 1968 Rhaphidostichum lutschianum (Broth. & Paris) Seki Rhaphidostegium lutschianum Broth. & Paris  Basionym >> P.397 Rhaphidostichum lutschianum (Broth. & Paris) Seki Synonym Rhaphidostegium lutschianum Broth. & Paris 44

45 FROM OTHERS 45

46 TY.COM/SEEDSPECIES/NEWWORLDNAME CHANGES.HTM Patagioenas, Chloroenas, Lepidoenas, and Oenoenas presently listed as synonyms under Columba and remove these citations from the synonymy of Columba. Columba cayennensis to Patagioenas cayennensis Columba speciosa to Patagioenas speciosa Columba squamosa to Patagioenas squamosa Columba leucocephala to Patagioenas leucocephala Columba fl avirostris to Patagioenas fl avirostris Columba inornata to Patagioenas inornata Columba fasciata to Patagioenas fasciata Columba caribaea to Patagioenas caribaea Columba subvinacea to Patagioenas subvinacea Columba nigrirostris to Patagioenas nigrirostris 46

47 U/ARTICLES/DRYANDRA-BANKSIA/ The Western Australian Herbarium has recently changed the names of all species of Dryandra to an equivalent name in Banksia, to reflect a taxonomic change in which the two genera have been merged into one new name in Banksia (e.g. Banksia sessilis) 47

48 /SACCPROP372.HTML merged the genus Idioptilon ("Tody-Tyrant") into Hemitriccus 48

49 _CHECKLIST_SUPPL_44.PDFHTTP://WWW.AOU.ORG/CHECKLIST/SUPPL/AOU _CHECKLIST_SUPPL_44.PDF (1) (1) one species is added to the main list because of splitting of a species previously on the list (Loxiamegaplaga); (2) one species replaces another presently on the list because of splitting of an extralimital form (Picoides dorsalis); (3) two genera (Euphonia and Chlorophonia), with their 16 species in our area, are moved from the family Thraupidae and placed in the subfamily Euphoniinae in the Fringillidae; (4) three new generic names are inserted in the list because of splitting of genera previously included (Patagioenas,Megascops, and Gymnoglaux), with the consequent change in generic names of 21 species; (5) one genus is removed from the list (Nyctea) because of its merger with another on the list (Bubo), with the consequent change of the scientifi c name of one species; 49

50 _CHECKLIST_SUPPL_44.PDFHTTP://WWW.AOU.ORG/CHECKLIST/SUPPL/AOU _CHECKLIST_SUPPL_44.PDF (2) (6) two English names are changed without change in scientific name (Belcher’s Gull and Rock Pigeon); (7) the distribution of one species is changed because of the merger with it of an extralimital form (Butorides striatus); (8) one species is added to part 2 of the Appendix (Oenoenas chiriquensis); and (9) changes are made in the endings of 9 species names to bring them into conformity with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (see David and Gosselin 2002) 50

51 Before ds 1xxx ds 1xxx sd 51

52 Before ds 1xxx ds 1xxx sd 52

53 53


Download ppt "DESCRIBING SPECIES RATHACHAI CHAWUTHAI. REFERENCE 2."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google