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The Bible: Inspiration, Inerrancy, Sacred Tradition and Interpretation.

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Presentation on theme: "The Bible: Inspiration, Inerrancy, Sacred Tradition and Interpretation."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Bible: Inspiration, Inerrancy, Sacred Tradition and Interpretation

2 I. Divine Inspiration v A. from Latin inspirare- “to breathe into”

3 B. Refers to divine assistance the Holy Spirit gave human authors of Biblical books, Glossary of Theological Terms, Rev. John T. Ford, CSC, STD St. Mary’s Press, Winona, MN 2006 enabling them to write in human words the salvific message G-d wanted to communicate.

4 1. Bible is not just another piece of literature, but is G-d’s DIVINE REVELATION v.

5 2. G-d is the source of ALL inspiration!

6 C. G-d is the author of Scripture. (CCC 105) D. G-d inspired the human authors of the sacred books….. ”[they] made full use of their own faculties.” (CCC 106) Do you know who this is?

7 II. Biblical Inerrancy v A. All that is taught and proclaimed in the Sacred Scriptures is inerrant in matters of: 1. faith 2. Revelation 3. salvation TM The Bible: The Living Word of G-d p30

8 without error, B. “….faithfully and firmly, without error, teach that truth, for sake of salvation, our salvation, G-d wished G-d wished…..” (CCC 107) Michelangelo

9 III. Biblical Interpretation authentically Magisterium v A. The task of interpreting the Word of G-d authentically……. ….is entrusted solely to the Magisterium v …… Pope bishops that is, to the Pope and to the bishops in communion with him. (CCC 100)

10 B. Magisterium v 1. (from Latin to teach) official teaching voice of the Church; 2. Pope and Bishops in communion

11 C. Sacred Tradition v 1.Catholics believe G-d reveals himself through BOTH Scripture AND Tradition. a.SCRIPTURE + TRADITION = the Deposit of Faith v

12 2. Sacred Tradition teaches the fullness of Divine Revelation and began with preaching of the Gospel by the Apostles. TM The Bible: The Living Word of G-d p30

13 3. Sacred Tradition is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit. What is this called? miter

14 4. All that is part of Sacred Tradition was revealed through the Paschal Mystery v of Jesus.

15 5. What the Church teaches never contradicts the truth of Jesus Christ. TM The Bible: The Living Word of G-d p31 Christ Teaching Apostles about the Last Things, Alexander Master, 1430


17 1. Belief that every part of the Bible must be absolutely true in every way: historically, geographically, scientifically, etc. (Catholic Faith Handbook p28)

18 2. Fundamentalism is a form of extreme literalism, taking the words on the page literally, that is the word for word value.

19 Literal or not?

20 She had a cow!

21 Literal or not? If I don’t pass this class, my parents will kill me.

22 Literal or not? It rained cats and dogs.

23 Literal or not? I’m soooo hungry, I could eat a horse.

24 Literal or not? Ducks Devour Sharks Buccaneers Flatten Patriots Lakers Terrorize Mavericks Dons Trample Saints

25 B. Catholics are not Biblical fundamentalists or literalists.

26 C. Catholics read the Bible as contextualists.

27 D. Comparing fundamentalism with contextualism Literalists or Fundamentalists  Look at the TEXT ONLY  Interpret the Bible WORD for WORD at face value Contextualists  Look at the text AND the CONTEXT  Context = time it was written, cultural and historical background, type of writing, etc.  Use many tools to help interpret the text.

28 So what Bible interpretation method do Catholics use? Are we… LITERALISTS? CONTEXTUALISTS? NO YES

29 E. Catholic contextualists study the Bible by using exegesis.

30 V. Exegesis A. Greek- “explain” or “interpret” B. The critical or scholarly explanation of a Bible passage

31 C. the process a scholar (exegete v ) uses to explain what the passage meant in its original context ( its time and place of composition). What did John 3:16 mean WHEN it was WRITTEN?

32 VI. Contextual Method also called Historical-Critical Method

33 A. Historical-Critical Method Elements 1. Time/culture of author 2. Ancient literary genres 3. Modes of feeling, speaking and narrating current at that time CCC 110

34 What info do these provide? □ □ □ 50% □ LCD 7:00 PST □ NBC □ 4.0 □ jpeg □ S&P500 □ 64° □ □ □ (089) □ Mrs. □ MTV □ BBC □ 28°C □ EU □ αΩ □ 3.2 MB □ € 900 □ ©

35 B. Catholics read the Bible to learn about God and find religious/spiritual truth.

36 C. Catholics do not read the Bible for scientific or historical truth.

37 D. The Church teaches that faith, science and history can coexist and help inform one another. Not at odds with each other TM The Bible p32

38 VII. Central to Roman Catholic interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures is the concept of “the fuller sense.”

39 A. “Fuller sense” means that events/narratives in the OT foreshadow events of the NT. B. The meanings of the former events (OT) are fully revealed/understood only in the life of Jesus Christ and the Church.

40 Example #1 of “fuller sense”

41 “fuller sense” Example #2

42 VIII. Concluding Thoughts A. No matter which texts being considered, all books in Bible refer to G-d as the starting point and center of human history.

43 B. There is no reading of the Bible without Introduction to the Bible New Collegeville Bible Commentary P34-35 interpretation.

44 C.G-d’s divine word has been revealed in human words and is an artifact of human culture containing signs needing interpreting. Introduction to the Bible New Collegeville Bible Commentary P34-35

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