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Department Administrator Training Grady Health System Update October 1, 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Department Administrator Training Grady Health System Update October 1, 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Department Administrator Training Grady Health System Update October 1, 2009

2 Grady Overview

3 “You never change things by fighting existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete” R. Buckminster Fuller

4 Grady Today  Founded in 1892 as a primarily indigent care hospital, Grady is now the largest public health system in the Southeast –900 licensed beds –30,324 annual hospital admissions-second only to Northside in Atlanta –Over 800,000 annual outpatient visits 200,000 in Neighborhood Health Centers 100,000 ER visits –Primary provider of care to uninsured and under- insured in Fulton and DeKalb counties

5 Grady’s Importance to the Metro Atlanta Community and the State of Georgia  Only Level-One Trauma Center within a 100-mile radius and only one of four in Georgia –Others are located in Augusta, Savannah, and Macon  Georgia’s only poison control center  One of two burn units in Georgia  EMS provider for City of Atlanta  Georgia Cancer Center of Excellence  Premier Infectious Disease Center –One of the nation’s 3 top AIDS centers  Regional Perinatal Center and NICU  11 Neighborhood Health Clinics  First Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center

6 Grady’s Importance to Emory University  Important site for Emory’s medical education  52 of Emory’s 74 accredited residency programs have services at Grady –Trauma surgery residency program located solely at Grady  377 of 1090 residents at Grady at any time  Primary training site for obstetrics, emergency medicine, emergency pediatrics, infectious disease, trauma surgery, psychiatry  Patient population provides broad spectrum of clinical experience in almost all areas  25% of all Georgia physicians trained at Grady  Positive effect on resident recruitment  Important clinical research opportunities

7 Emory University’s Importance to Grady  All physician services provided by Emory or Morehouse faculty or residents –Until 1994, Emory provided all medical staff to Grady (modified to include Morehouse in 1994) –Emory’s 30 year contract with Grady ensures access to medical services until 2013 –MSM has five residency programs based at Grady, and is responsible for 25% of medicine, surgery, pediatrics, ob/gyn, and psychiatry patient volume provided –Emory has 100% of all other specialty services and 75% of the shared services

8 Emory University’s Importance to Grady, continued  547 Emory faculty provide the clinical and administrative services of 300 FTEs at Grady  Relationship with Emory and Morehouse faculty and residents provides access to top-tier physicians  Emory and Morehouse have continued to provide consistent and enhanced physician services despite inconsistent payments from Grady and prolonged payment cycles –To date, Emory and Morehouse suffer ongoing deficits without imposing interest penalties on Grady –As of Oct 1, 2009, Accounts Receivable for Emory is $37M

9 Grady’s Financial Position  Long history of operating losses, primarily driven by: –Poor payor mix 40% Indigent/no pay 40% Medicaid, which does not cover all costs of services for its patients 17% Medicare-this low volume limits GME reimbursement

10 Grady’s Financial Position, continued  High reliance on funding from external sources, such as contributions from Fulton and DeKalb Counties, DSH, UPL and patient care grants Counties’ contributions for 2009 are $102M 15 year high of $113M was reached in 1992; funding has been flat or reduced every year since Had funding increased since 1992 at an annual inflation rate of 3.0%, expected county contributions in 2006 would be $171M In 1992, county contributions offset 33% of Grady total expenses; today, the county contributions offset less than 15% of total cost Federal grants and matching payments have been delayed, pending agreement between the Federal government and the State of Georgia for distribution of those funds to disproportionate share hospitals

11 Grady’s Financial Position, continued  With no margin, capital investment is challenging  Currently, $25M of the $102M annual county contribution goes to retire 1991 bonds issued for renovation and equipment –This debt continues until 2021 –Grady is utilizing current capital to pay for equipment that is now obsolete –Therefore, only $77M remains annually to offset operating expenses  There are no cash reserves –Capital needs are approximately $100M _Woodruff Foundation and Marcus Family have given 230 Million for capital

12 Fulton and DeKalb County Contributions as Compared to Grady’s Total Operating Expenses and Cost of Indigent Care (in millions) Source: Grady Health System management

13 Key Issues for Grady  15% Atlanta population uninsured  Increase in unfunded charity care  Shortage of clinical professional staff and MD’s leads to increased costs  Increasing pharmacy and other supply costs  Increase of DSH payments in 2006 of $9.1 M to $80.9M, but not available until April 2007  County contributions unchanged since 1992 –$99.2M in 1995, $105.5M in 2000 Budgeted expenses $397M in 1995, $703M in 2006

14 Overview of Grady’s Financial Position as of July 1, 2006 Cash on hand - $1.7 Accounts receivable - $96.5 –94 days Accounts payable - $113.2 –115 days Average monthly cash needs – $51.9 Average monthly cash income – $43.3 Line of credit used – $25.0 Note: Dollars presented in millions

15 Grady Has Significant Long Term Liabilities Bonds $240M Bank loan $25 Accounts payable $116 Total $381M

16 Additionally, Grady Also Has Significant Unfunded Capital Needs I. T. $50M Equipment $92 Facilities $25 Capital projects $75 Total $242M

17 School of Medicine Office of Business and Finance Interface with Grady

18 Agenda.  Budget Preparation –Financial Data-Calendar years 2004 -2009  Billing and Invoicing  Departmental Accounting for Grady-Related Expenditures  Faculty Time Record

19 Grady Budget Preparation.  Four major components of the School of Medicine Departmental budget for services provided to Grady –Graduate Medical Education (GME) –Teaching, Supervision, Administrative, Professional (TSAP), aka Professional Budget –Expense Budget Patient Care Grants Direct Patient Care ITCF Internal Grady Funding

20 Graduate Medical Education.  377.8 residents at Grady  PGY 1 to PGY 10  Stipend Ranges (including fringe) from $49,308 and $65,196  Total 2009 Grady GME budget for 2009: $21,215,468

21 TSAP-Teaching, Supervision, Administrative & Professional Budget.  Includes all teaching activities, such as didactic instruction, grand rounds, hands-on patient care teaching activities (IP and/or OP)  Payment to cover cost of resident instruction, oversight and supervision  Budget based on prior year’s TSAP coverage, as documented in Faculty Time Record (FTR) System  Budget established based on flat rate per physician FTE  Budget distributed to departments based on adjusted rate/MD x physician FTEs –Adjusted rate per physician established by specialty, based on AAMC salary guidelines per specialty –Formula and annual distribution approved by EMCF Board  TSAP budget ultimately influenced by Grady financial situation

22 Expense Budget Patient Care Grants.  Paid by Grady for faculty coverage where Grady is the facilitator of the grant  Budget submitted to grantor includes both professional and facility components –Budget prepared collectively by Grady and Emory faculty –Agreed-upon rate per faculty-FTE specific to each grant and faculty –Department sets payroll distribution related to GHS in accordance with the reimbursement allowed in the budget  Externally sponsored grants and contracts of any kind where Emory faculty are the PI must be routed through the SOM then OSP as the official institutional signer

23 Expense Budget: Other.  Contract for Coverage –Emergency Medicine-total cost of service less estimated EMCF revenue  Direct payments for supplemental patient care services provided above and beyond those included in patient-care based teaching activities –Examples of items covered under this category would be the hospitalists and various clinics such as general medicine and diabetes –The funding for this budget comes from many sources including Indigent Care Trust Funds –The reimbursement of salary is based on a specified FTE for service

24 Budget Cycle.  Budget Preparation, Review, Approval –October-December –Meetings between SOM Deans office and GHS Medical Affairs –Analysis of prior year expenses and projection of true cost –Recommendations for new services considered –Grady presents combined Schools budget to Board of Trustees  Budget Letter sent to Chairs in January –Business & Finance implement new funding levels through monthly invoices

25 Amendments to Budget Mid-Cycle.  Professional Service Requisition (PSR) –Standardized format for Grady to use when requesting additional services –Must be signed by representatives of both organizations: Curtis Lewis, John Henry or Sergio Ferrell (Grady) Bill Casarella or Bill Sexson (Emory)  Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) –Dean must approve all new services outside scope of services included in current budget –Must state the purpose and expectation of the services provided –Must state start and end dates –Must state exact salary and how it is to be reimbursed –Must be signed by Dean Lawley  The School of Medicine will not initiate any new invoices without proper documentation

26 Future of Grady Budget and Service. Grady Inventory of Services –Need to establish a comprehensive understanding of the current mix of services –Budgets should be established based on mutually agreed-upon scope of services

27 Grady Budget Summary Calendar Years 2004-2006. CategoryCY 2004CY 2005CY 2006 GME TSAP Patient Care Grants Direct Patient Care TOTAL $19.99 $13.15 $6.23 $16.34 $55.71 $20.60 $13.08 $6.27 $17.47 $57.42 $21.22 $16.78 $6.37 $19.41 $63.78 Note: Dollars presented in millions

28 Grady Budget Summary Calendar Years 2004-2006. 35.22% 30.09% 10.98% 35.64% 30.23% 10.84% 23.71% 23.29% 34.40% 28.24% 10.16% 27.20%

29 Billing Process.  Invoices sent out on approximately the 25th of each month –1/12th of budgeted amount for TSAP –Grants, Expense based on salary booked on labor distribution –Grady expense billed one month in arrear  Receivable booked in GAR (General Accounts Receivable) System –Department receives immediate “credit” for Grady revenues –University carries the entire Grady accounts receivable

30 Accounting for Grady-Related Expenditures.  Each department has a separate account(s) on FAS for each type of Grady-related expense –TSAP accounts-Salary and benefits for resident teaching activities assigned to these accounts. The salary expenses charged to these accounts must match the budgeted funding and should never show a deficit balance. –Expenses accounts-Salary and benefits for grant and direct patient care activities. The salary expenses charged to these types of accounts in most cases are billed one month in arrear which means the account may have a deficit. However, the deficit should not exceed the current month salary expenses allowed per the budgeted funding. –EMCF accounts-Salary, benefits and other non- salary expenses for other Grady-related activities are charged here.

31 Faculty Time Record (FTR)  FTRs are used to provide the basis for TSAP coverage for the following year’s budget  It is a quarterly snapshot of how/where faculty are spending their time –Type of Work Categories 1. Services to Individual Patients 2. Non-teaching and Administration 3. Housestaff Teaching/Supervise/Administration 4. Medical Student Teaching/Supervise/Admin 5. University Research at this site 6. Non-reimbursable –Categories 2 and 3 combined are used to capture TSAP activities –Contract with Grady mandates routine reporting of faculty time

32 Faculty Time Record, continued.  Locations –Emory University Hospital (EUH) –The Emory Clinic (TEC, formerly EC) –Grady Hospital (GMH) –Grady Neighborhood Health Centers (GSC) –Crawford Long (CWL) –Veteran’s Administration Medical Center (VAMC) –Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta (CHOA, formerly HEH) –Wesley Woods (WW, formerly WH) –Other

33 Faculty Time Record, continued.  General Instructions for how to charge time –All regular full time and part time MD and PhD required to submit –On-call time should not be submitted. Only the actual time worked at the site should be charged –Vacation, CME during reporting weeks should be reported accurately –Exercise best judgment when reporting time between category 1 (direct patient care) and 3 (supervision of housestaff)

34 Faculty Time Record vs. Effort Certification.  FTR –Snapshot of actual time for one week every month  Effort Certification –Reflects the actual activity for which an employee has been compensated which is certified twice a year

35 Faculty Time Record- 2007 Reporting Calendar.

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