Presentation on theme: "Pilgrims, Established Church, Mayflower Compact, Squanto"— Presentation transcript:
1Pilgrims, Established Church, Mayflower Compact, Squanto The Plymouth ColonyPilgrims, Established Church, Mayflower Compact, Squanto
2The Plymouth ColonyFounders of this colony will eventually become known to history as the Pilgrims (anyone who makes a long journey for religions reasons)What are some examples of people who could be considered Pilgrims?
3Religion in EuropeEuropean rulers believed they needed to support an established religion in order to reign.Established Church – chosen religion of a countryIn England, this was the Church of England.People who did not follow the chosen religion faced persecution.Persecution – mistreatment or punishment of certain people because of their beliefs
4SeparatistsGroup of people who faced persecution because they wanted to separate from the Church of EnglandA group of separatists won a charter to set up in Virginia.
5The MayflowerIn Sept. of 1620, a group of separatists set out on a journey aboard a ship called the Mayflower.The journey was long and hard.In Nov. of 1620, the ship landed on the shore of Cape Cod, in present day Massachusetts.
6Mayflower CompactSettlers realized they were not landing in Virginia so their charter did not apply.The Pilgrims joined together to write a framework for governing their colony – the Mayflower Compact.All agreed to sign the compact and follow the laws for the general good of the colony
8Signers of The Mayflower Compact (41) November 11, 1620John Carver John Howland William Brewster Edward Winslow George Soule William Bradford Isaac Allerton Samuel Fuller John Craxton Miles Standish Christopher Martin William Mullins William White Stephen HopkinsEdward Liester Richard Warren John Billington Edward Tilly John Tilly Francis Cooke Thomas Rogers Thomas Tinker John Rigdale James Chilton Edward Fuller John Turner Francis EatonEdward DotenMoses Fletcher John Goodman Thomas Williams Digery Priest Edmond Margesson Peter Brown Richard Bitteridge Richard Clark Richard Gardiner Gilbert Winslow John Alden John Allerton Thomas English
9Early HardshipsDid not bring enough food and did not have time to build proper sheltersSurvived in large part due to the neighboring Wampanoag IndiansHelped most by an Indian named SquantoBrought the Pilgrims seeds for corn, beans, and pumpkins and showed them how to plant the seedsIn the fall the Pilgrims had a good harvest, which they called a gift from God. Each year after that they set aside a day to give thanks – Thanksgiving.
10The Mayflower CompactWhen you are finished, open your textbook to page 94.What are 2 laws listed in the Mayflower Compact?