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Bridge for Beginners Lesson 5 Introduction to Bidding.

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Presentation on theme: "Bridge for Beginners Lesson 5 Introduction to Bidding."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bridge for Beginners Lesson 5 Introduction to Bidding

2 Bidding  MiniBridge has shown us how to play  But you could select the contract  After seeing both hands  In Bridge you have to take part in an Auction  Seeing only your hand  And opponents may interfere

3 The Auction  To arrive at a sensible contract we must  Use a system of bids that you and partner understand  There are many systems  You will learn a version of ACOL  The Version of ACOL is Standard English  Developed by the EBU (English Bridge Union)

4 General Rules for Bidding  You can bid NT; a suit; or Pass  Dealer makes the first Bid  The bidding continues round the table in a clockwise direction  Any player can Pass but if you bid it must outrank any previous bid  The lowest bid is 1  The lowest bid is 1   Then 1;Then 1 ; then 1 ; then 1NT  Then 1  ;Then 1 ; then 1  ; then 1NT  Next 2; 2; 2 ; 2 ; 2NT  Next 2  ; 2  ; 2 ; 2  ; 2NT  Next 3 etc…. To 7NT  Next 3  etc…. To 7NT

5 General Rules for Bidding  You can make as many bids as you like in turn  But 3 passes in a row ends the auction  The side to make the last bid wins the auction  Declarer is the first person on that side to have bid the contract suit (or NT)  NOT the last person to bid  If all 4 players Pass on the first round the board is not played – a throw in

6 After the Auction is complete  The player to the left of Declarer makes the opening lead  Dummy is put down AFTER the opening lead has been made  Declarer may get a nasty shock  Or a pleasant surprise  If you both know the system well declarer should know what to expect  Because there is a clear set of rules  Play now continues as you have learned

7 The Bidding  In any system:  Each bid should tell partner more about your hand  So that your pair arrive at the best contract  It is our only means of communication  You may not speak to partner to explain your bid  Nods and winks are cheating!

8 Bidding Boxes  Help with the bidding  Show all of the bids in the bidding sequence  Are very easy to use after a bit of practice  Open your bidding boxes

9 Opening the Bidding  If it is your turn to bid  And no one else has bid other than PASS  And you have 12+ HCP  More than ¼ of the HCP in the pack  You should not PASS  You must make a bid  Our first opening bid to learn  Is 1NT

10 1NT Opening Bid  Shows HCP  No 5 card major  No singleton or void  Not more than 1 doubleton  Very specific bid

11 1NT Opening hands  12HCP  Very balanced shape  4333  Open 1NT QQ 77 66 AA TT 55 K KK 55 44

12 1NT Opening hands  14 HCP  Balanced shape 4432  Open 1NT JJ TT 44 QQ 33 A K 6 5 AA 99 44 33

13 1NT Opening hands  13 HCP  Semi balanced shape  5332  The 5 cards are a minor  Open 1NT KK QQ TT 44 TT 66 33 K J 5 AA 44 33

14 1NT Opening hands  Remember the rules  HCP  No 5 card major  No singleton or void  Not more than 1 doubleton  If your hand fits these criteria and no one else has bid  You WILL open 1NT

15 When Partner Opens 1NT  We play 12 – 14 HCP  But there are many other systems with different HCP for 1NT Opener  To make it clear  As soon as partner puts the 1NT bid down  You must say “12 to 14”  This is termed an Announcement

16 Partner has opened 1NT  And your opponent has passed  What will you reply?  Lots more rules  We know that we need 25 HCP for game  And partner has 12 – 14 HCP  With 10 or fewer HCP game is not on  Without a 5 card suit we Pass  With a 5 card suit we bid that suit at the 2 level

17 Responding to 1NT  6 HCP  No 5 card suit  The bid is Pass  If you bid anything you may end up in a very poor contract  Partner may just get to 1NT  With a following wind! JJ TT 44 77 33 J AA 99 44 33

18 Responding to 1NT  6 HCP  5 card suit  Bid 2  Bid 2  A weakness take out  Opener MUST Pass  Any 2 level suit response to 1NT is weak and MUST be Passed JJ TT 44 77 33 J AA 99 44 2

19 It may be this weak!  0 HCP!  1NT has no chance  2 may well fail but not quite so disastrously  The weaker the hand the more important is the weakness take out 88 66 44 77 3 TT 99 44 2

20 Above 10 HCP  Game may be on  We should tell partner more  With a balanced hand  And HCP  Bid 2NT  Opener will Pass with a minimum (12)  Or bid 3NT with a maximum (14)  With 13 it’s a bit of a guess  Are you an optimist or pessimist?

21 Responding with 11 – 12 HCP  Partner opened 1NT  We have 11 HCP  Balanced hand  Game may be on  But we are not certain we have enough HCP  Bid 2NT  Invitational  Showing 11 – 12 HCP QQ TT 44 AA TT J 8 6 AA 99 44 77 33

22 Responding with 11 – 12 HCP  Partner opened 1NT  We have 12 HCP  Semi balanced hand  Game may be on  But we are not certain we have enough HCP  Bid 2NT  Invitational  Showing 11 – 12 HCP QQ TT 44 AA TT J 8 AA JJ 44 77 33 22

23 Responding with > 12 HCP  Partner opened 1NT  We have 14 HCP  Balanced hand  Game is on  We know we have enough HCP  Bid 3NT  Showing 13+ HCP  Good Luck Partner QQ TT 44 AA TT K 8 AA JJ 44 77 33 33

24 Opening 1 NT Summary  What are the rules?  12 – 14 HCP  Balanced hand  4333; 4432; 5332  No 5 card major  No singleton or void  Not more than 1 doubleton

25 Responding to 1NT Summary  0 – 10 HCP with no 5+ card suit  Pass  0-10 HCP with a 5 card suit  Bid the suit at the 2 level  A weakness take out  11 – 12 HCP and balanced  Bid 2NT Invitational  13+ HCP and balanced  Bid 3NT ( Game)


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