Chapter 1 How Food Affects Life Part 1 The Importance of Food
Objective Explain how the search for food led to the development of civilization. See final slide for photo credit
The History of Food Early people searched for food to survive. People formed tribes to hunt together. Farming and herding evolved and the food became more reliable. People learned crafts and trading began.
The Migration of Food People searched for food in distant places. Explorers introduced foods in new lands. European countries established colonies and empires grew. What foods do you eat that came from other countries?
Objective Use the steps of the decision-making process to make food choices.
Making Choices About Foods How often do you ask yourself such questions as: What should I eat? When should I eat? Where should I eat?
The Decision-Making Process 1.State the decision to be made. 2.List your alternatives. 3.Weigh the pros and cons of each alternative. 4.Make a decision and act on it. 5.Evaluate your decision.
Apply It! Your family is expecting dinner in 30 minutes, and it’s your turn to cook. There are some chicken breasts in the refrigerator. Use the steps of the decision-making process to determine what you will serve for dinner.
Objective Describe how food relieves hunger and improves wellness.
Food Meets Physical Needs Food Provides energy energy for muscle movement substance to build and repair tissues
Food Relieves Hunger When you eat, your brain receives a message that your physical need for food has been met. When do you usually feel hungry?
Food Improves Wellness Food helps you grow and develop physically manage mental stress feel strong and energetic in social relationships
Objective Outline cultural, social, and psychological influences on food choices.
Cultural Influences on Food Choices National origin Religion Holidays
Social Influences on Food Choices Family Friends Mass media Food product trends
Psychological Influences on Food Choices Memories of experiences involving foods can affect your food choices. Would the experience pictured here create a pleasant memory or an unpleasant memory for you? How might this memory affect your desire to eat ice cream in the future.
Objective List factors that affect the food supply.
Factors That Affect the Food Supply Agriculture affects the costs and availability of foods. Environment affects what crops grow best in a given region.
Government and Economics Government policies and laws affect food production, processing, packaging, and transportation. The economic law of consumer supply and demand affects the variety and prices of foods offered for sale.
Technology Affects the Food Supply Nutrient content Availability Safety What new food products have you seen on the market as a result of technology?