Presentation on theme: "Steps for Writing a STAAR Persuasive Essay"— Presentation transcript:
1Steps for Writing a STAAR Persuasive Essay I. H. Kempner High SchoolEnglish II
2STEP #1READ the prompt. Circle the most important word in the prompt (the subject).Should school librarians ban inappropriatebooks from the school library?
3Brainstorm a list of reasons for and against the issue or position. STEP #2Brainstorm a list of reasons for and against the issue or position.Against banning books:--the Constitution allows us the freedom of speech, freedom of press--students need to learn to make responsible choices about what they read--students should not be sheltered from controversial world news--students can find inappropriate material on the Internet--the question of appropriate reading is debatable, it cannot be determined by one individualFor banning books:--students are too young to make decisions about what they read--librarians don’t want parents mad at them--students should only read about pleasant and non-controversial topics
4STEP #3 Choose the position you want to argue. Either “Yes, school libraries should censor books” OR“No, school libraries should not censor books.”
5Choose the two “reasons” for which you can write the best argument. STEP #4Choose the two “reasons” for which you can write the best argument.--One “reason” for each body paragraph
6STEP #5Before you write anything else, focus on answering the prompt by writing a position statement, also known as a thesis statement. Rearrange words from the prompt into a statement, then follow it with “because” and then add two reasons. (This is the road map for the rest of your essay!)School librarians should not ban books from the school library because students need to learn to choose for themselves and it goes against the American Constitution.
7STEP #6Now go back and create the introductory paragraph and plug the thesis statement into the end.The first sentence is the “hook.” Re-read the information before the prompt to find the general subject. Think general and broad. How does this topic affect “the world” or “life”? Question what would happen “without”…--What would the world be like without books?The second sentence must “draw a line” from the hook to the thesis. Think of what the two have in common, which is usually the end of the hook.--While books are very important, it can be difficult to overlook the value of books that have disagreeable or inappropriate subjects.Put the three sentences together to make the Intro Paragraph.
8Introductory Paragraph Hook: What would the world be like without….___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Line: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Sinker (Position/Thesis Statement): State your position on the argument *because* <<reason 1>> and <<reason 2>>.
9Include these phrases to ensure the persuasive nature of your essay: Persuasive PhrasesInclude these phrases to ensure the persuasive nature of your essay:It is certain that…The logical conclusion is…The fact is…The truth is…The correct perspective is…Common sense reveals that…The bottom line is…In reality,…The essential idea is…With certainty, a person can say that…In the majority of cases…
10Topic Sentence: <<Reason 1>>. Body Paragraph 1Topic Sentence: <<Reason 1>>.The truth is, students need to learn to think independently and make decisions for themselves and if libraries ban objectionable books, students will not be able to do so.
11Commentary/explanation/example for <<Reason 1>>: Imagine that a young girl reads The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and is outraged at the treatment of slaves in the novel. Because of reading this objectionable material, she decides to become a human rights activist and influences society in a profound way. If a librarian had taken away this option, the young girl might not have made that important decision about her life’s work.
12Add Counter Argument Add a counter argument to spice things up! Go back to your list of “For & Against” and pick one you can argue against that goes well with your 1st reason.This gets you a better score!
13Example:Critics argue students are too young to make decisions about what they choose to read. While it may be true in some cases, choosing books is what helps create a love for reading. Love for reading helps develop vocabulary skills and better knowledge of the world.
14Topic sentence: <<Reason 2>>. Body Paragraph 2Topic sentence: <<Reason 2>>.Also, an essential idea is that limiting students’ access to controversial writing is a breach of their freedom under the Constitution.
15Commentary for <<Reason 2>>: For example, the Constitution of the United States of America proclaims certain “inalienable rights” for its citizens that include freedom of speech and freedom of press. If a student (who is, in fact, a citizen) is not allowed to pursue certain information banned by a library, that is limiting his or her freedom. It is also suppressing the freedom that authors have to distribute their ideas, beliefs, and philosophies.
16Restate your position/thesis statement in a different way. Conclusion ParagraphRestate your position/thesis statement in a different way.
17Your Turn! In groups of 3-4, write a Persuasive Essay on: READ “A pint of examples is worth a gallon of advice.” -UnknownTHINK ABOUT Think about the multitude of advice you have received as well as the people you would consider role models in your life. Which has been more important and useful to you?WRITEWrite an essay stating your position on whether good advice or a good role model is more important in a person’s life.You will be scoring each group’s essay so be sure to write your best!