Bringing hard science to the art of human performance. (leadership development, coaching, change management and learning)
David From David Rock, Neuroleadership Institute
Understanding the Brain A hand model of the brain from Dr. Dan Siegel http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DD-lfP1FBFk
Neuroscience – The Four Key Elements 1.Neuroplasticity – the ability of the brain to change 2.Long-term potentiation – focus and attention to change 3.Minimize danger and maximize reward – the organizing principle of the brain 4.The deeply social brain - SCARF
The organizing principle of the brain Neuroscientist Evian Gordon, in one of the latest meta - analyses of brain research in the world, proposes that the organizing principle of the brain is the minimize danger and maximize reward. (Gordon, 2008) The basis for this belief is the extensive literature emerging about the reward/threat response (e.g. Elliot, 2008) For example, the neural basis of engagement is closely linked to the threat/reward function.
The Organizing Principle of the Brain Away Toward Threat Reward Fast Acting Stronger Longer Lasting More Likely Adrenaline Up Dopamine Down Slower Acting Milder Shorter Less Common Adrenaline a little up Dopamine Up
The Organizing Principle of the Brain Away Toward Threat Reward Minimize danger Disengaged Uncertainty Problem focused Avoid Contract Dislike Tunnel Vision Maximize reward Engaged Interest Solution focused Approach Extend Like Global View
Exercise Think back over the past week, and connect with what is a typical day for you Find a partner now, and discuss what situations put you in an away or a toward state
Social Pain = Physical Pain Eisenberger/Lieberman, Social Pain Physical Pain Overlap Theory, SPOT
The SCARF Model Away Toward Threat Reward Status Certainty Autonomy Relatedness Fairness David Rock, 2008
SCARF domains in more detail… Status Your perception of your position, relative to another person
SCARF domains in more detail… Certainty The brain is a prediction machine. Uncertainty arouses the limbic system
SCARF domains in more detail… Autonomy The brain likes to be able to predict and have a say in the future. A feeling of having a choice dramatically impacts stress levels.
SCARF domains in more detail… Relatedness Friend or Foe Trust of distrust Connect or don’t connect Foe is the default
SCARF domains in more detail… Fairness Brain regions associated with primary rewards - food, pleasant touch or pleasant memories, money, a picture of a loved one – those same regions were active when people received fair offers compared to unfair offers of equal level
SCARF Exercise Thinking about a current work situations or change process you’re involved in, how might the SCARF Model affect how you’re managing that process/situation? What might you do differently now?
Implications of SCARF Engagement Leadership Practices Organizational Change Motivations Incentives Managing Performance Teams & Collaboration