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9.1 Questions. 1. What idea did Protestant revivalist Charles Grandison Finney emphasize in his sermons? Second Great Awakening – Religious reformation.

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Presentation on theme: "9.1 Questions. 1. What idea did Protestant revivalist Charles Grandison Finney emphasize in his sermons? Second Great Awakening – Religious reformation."— Presentation transcript:

1 9.1 Questions

2 1. What idea did Protestant revivalist Charles Grandison Finney emphasize in his sermons? Second Great Awakening – Religious reformation Main idea: Everyone has the power to reform himself – Lyman Beecher added to this: people reform selves leads to good people living in a good country

3 2. What social conditions contributed to the growth of transcendentalism, the temperance movement, and utopian communities? Poverty, alcoholism, illiteracy, overcrowded housing, poor healthcare, abuse of women, declining moral values

4 3. Why did Horace Mann favor free public education? Democracy cannot survive without literate people – Learn to read, write, and become good citizens Education also taught manners, discipline, religion, respect The absolute right to an education of every human being that comes into the world – NOT in Constitution – Many women and African Americans denied right

5 4. What impact did Dorothea Dix have on prison reform during the mid-1800s? Visited hospitals and focused on mentally ill – Treated them as patients, not prisoners – Led to greater awareness of mentally ill – Creation of many mental hospitals

6 5. Your Reformer Horace Mann, Dorothea Dix, Charles Grandison Finney, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau

7 Key Themes and Ideas 1800s were NOT a pleasant time period – See question 2 Reforms were need to improve society – Religious- Protestant – Philosophical- Transcendentalist Def- instinct and spiritual > observation – Social- Temperance and Abstinence – Educational Reforms not completely successful – Segregation, poverty, and laziness often succeeded


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