Presentation on theme: "ACS105 LANGUAGE LEADER / PRE-INTERMEDIATE. UNIT 5: NATURAL WORLD."— Presentation transcript:
ACS105 LANGUAGE LEADER / PRE-INTERMEDIATE
UNIT 5: NATURAL WORLD
5.1 ISLANDS island(n): a piece of land completely surrounded b y water Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS beach (n): an area of sand or small stones near the sea We spent the day on the beach. a beach café a beach towel Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS coast- (n): the land next to or close to the sea the west coast of Africa Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS cliff- (n): a high area of rock with a very steep side, often on a coast Keep away from the edge of the cliff - you might fall Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS lagoon (n): an area of sea water separ ated from the sea by a reef Ölüdeniz has the best lagoon in Turkey. Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS Hill(n): an area of land that is higher than the surrounding land: Hills are not as high as mountains. Their house is on the top of a hill. Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS Wave (n): a raised line of water that moves across the surface of the sea: At night, I listened to the sound of the waves. Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS Look at the photos on pages 40 and 41 1a. How many of these things can you see?4 Where do you think these places are? Have you ever visited an island? What do you think of when you think of an island?
5.1 ISLANDS- reading Shallow (adj): having only a short distance from the top to the bottom, not deep. Shallow water Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading Shade (n): different types of one color Shades of blue Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading transparent(adj): clear and easy to see through transparent plastic boat Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading Calm (adj): a calm sea does not have many waves Calm lake Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading impressive(adj): very good, very big/ important There are some very impressive buildings in the town. Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading mysterious (adj): strange and difficult to explain or understand He died in mysterious circumstances, and there is still a possibility that it was murder. Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading pleasant(adj): enjoyable, nice or friendly pleasant climate/smile/person a pleasant day/surprise Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS- reading wild (adj): refers to plants or animals that li ve or grow independently of people, in natural conditions wild flowers/grasses Wild beasts Vocabulary
5.1 ISLANDS Read the text and do the exercises 2a and 2b Listen to the TV programme and do the exercises 3a, 3b and 3c
GRAMMAR- comparatives and superlatives
Now do the activities on you course book.
invade (v): to enter a place in large numbers, usually when unwanted and in order to take possession or do damage demonstrators invaded the Presidential Palace invasion (n): an occasion when a large number of people or things come to a place in an annoying and unwanted way: the annual invasion of foreign tourists invader (n): a person who invades The foreign invaders were finally defeated by allied forces.
5.2 INVASION Environment(n): the air, water, and land in or on which people, animals, and plants live Protect the environment!
5.2 INVASION Cute(adj): pretty or attractive He's got a really cute baby brother.
5.2 INVASION Extinct (adj): a plant or animal that is extinct no longer exists There is concern that the giant panda will soon become extinct.
5.2 INVASION Neighbourhood (n): an area of a town, and the people who live in there They live in a friendly neighbourhood.
5.2 INVASION Species(n): a group of plants or animals of the same kind Over a hundred species of insect are found in this area.
5.2 INVASION pollution(n): damage caused to air, water, soil etc. by harmful chemicals and waste air/water pollution
5.2 INVASION Look at the photos on pages 42 and 43, which of the animals in exercise 1a can you see? Which of these animals live in Turkey? Which are cute? Are these dangereous? Are any of these nearly extinct?
5.2 INVASION Read the article on page 43 Do the exercises 2a, 2b, 3
5.2 INVASION Nouns and verbs Some words are both nouns and verbs. Look at the examples: Grey squirrels don’t damage the economy. Apple snails cause a lot of damage in Asia. Do the activity 5b
5.2 INVASION Grammar- expressions of quality A lot of Few Little Many much Find examples in the text and tell how we use these.
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Charity(n): an organisation that gives money or things to help to people or animals that are poor, sick or need protection
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Donate(v): to give sth, especially money to people or an organisation An anonymous businesswom an donated one million dollars to the charity.
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Volunteer(v): to offer to do sth without being told Volunteer(n): ? During the emergency many staff volunteered to work through the weekend.
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Rescue(v): save sb or sth from harm or danger Rescue (n): ? the lifeboat rescued the sailors from the sinking boat.
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Vet (n): short form of veterinary surgeon, sb who gives medical treatment to animals
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Sanctuary(n): a peaceful place that is safe and provides protection a wildlife/bird sanctuary
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Captivity(n): when a person or animal is in prison/ cage and not allowed to leave The animals were released after 865 days in captivity
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Awful(Adj): very bad or unpleasant The soup smelled awful
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Look at the website on page 45, what kind of organisation is it for? Do the exercises 1a and 1b on page 44.
5.3 SCENARIO-Animals Online Listen to the converstaion and do the exercises 2, 3a, 3b, 4a and 4b.
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Are there any volcanoes in Turkey? Are they famous? Have you ever been up a volcano? If not would you like to go up a volcano? Do you know these words? Active, Dormant, Erupt, Eruption, cone
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Active (adj): able to explode at any time Etna volcano in Italy is active.
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Dormant (Adj): not active but able to be active at a later time
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Erupt (v): to explode with smoke, fire and rocks coming out of it Eruption (n): the time when a volcano becomes active and explodes.
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Cone (n): a hollow or solid object with a round base, sloping sides and a point at the top.
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Read the essay and choose the best title on page 47. Compare the essay with the one on page 117. which is easy to understand? Why?
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay An esssay has 3 main parts I. Introduction II. Main Body III. Summary and Conclusion Which paragraphs of the essay on page 47 are introduction, main body and conclusion?
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Introduction: give general information about the topic State your aim Main body: Paragraph 1: give details about one of the subtopics Paragraph 2: give details about the other sobtopic Conclusion: summarize the main points (make comparision between the two sub topics) and state your final opinion.
5.4 WRITING SKILLS: A Comparative Essay Linkers Look at exercise 9a on page 47 Notice the differences between In contrast, but,and whereas. 9b. Write sentences similiar to the ones in ex. 9a.
Mountain Everest is 8848 m high. In contrast, Ben Nevis is1343 m high. Mountain Everest is 8848 m high but Ben Nevis is1343 m high. Mountain Everest is 8848 m high, whereas Ben Nevis is1343 m high. North Sea is 310 m deep but Pacific Ocean is m deep.