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Bell Ringer - Grammar Label the parts of speech. The small boy threw the ball into the yard, but he refused to bring it home. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer - Grammar Label the parts of speech. The small boy threw the ball into the yard, but he refused to bring it home. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer - Grammar Label the parts of speech. The small boy threw the ball into the yard, but he refused to bring it home. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro

2 Review: Rhyme Scheme, Stanza, Line On your own sheet of paper, identify the following: 1.Identify the rhyme scheme 2.Write down how many stanzas there are 3.Write down how many lines there are Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro The Cow Robert Louis Stevenson The friendly cow, all red and white, I love with all my heart: She gives me cream with all her might, To eat with apple tart. She wanders lowing here and there, And yet she cannot stray, All in the pleasant open air, The pleasant light of day; And blown by all the winds that pass And wet with all the showers, She walks among the meadow grass And eats the meadow flowers.

3 What is a sonnet? Sonnet: 14 line poem that rhymes in a certain pattern A sonnet is a poem made up of three quatrains (in iambic pentameter, which we will learn about next class) followed by a concluding couplet. It has a total of 14 lines with a rhyme scheme of abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro

4 What goes in a sonnet? Notice the RHYME SCHEME. How many LINES do you see? After Turkey Day, the garbage bags sat; My dog was tempted by the tasty sight. He tore them open, gorged big, and grew fat, But first he made a mess and caused some blight. He ate some hot sauce and blueberry pies, Then laid around and moaned out loud in pain. I worried in my heart of his demise, And tried to scrub the purple carpet stain. He slowly came around and waddled slow, His belly wide and nearly to the floor. So sad to see my hungry doggy grow So portly wide, he barely fit his door. He survived, but still he is more than stout. I’ve learned. Next time I’ll take the garbage out! Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro

5 What goes in a sonnet? Quatrain: 4 lines grouped together by a certain rhyme pattern Couplet: 2 lines that rhyme Quatrain A quatrain is four lines of verse with this rhyme scheme: A-B-A-B, meaning that the first and third, and second and fourth lines rhyme. The QUATRAINS of the English sonnet present an idea, problem, or story. Ex: After Turkey Day, the garbage bags sat; My dog was tempted by the tasty sight. He tore them open, gorged big, and grew fat, But first he made a mess and caused some blight. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro

6 What goes in a sonnet? Rhyming Couplet A couplet is two lines of verse that rhyme. To borrow from the example above, the lines would have an "A-A" rhyme scheme. Ex: He survived, but still he is more than stout. I’ve learned. Next time I’ll take the garbage out Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro The COUPLET either summarizes the sonnets or gives surprise ending.

7 ENGLISH SONNET Abab cdcdefef gg Quatrain Couplet

8 SHAKESPEARE’S SONNETS Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets. His sonnets are numbered, not titled. All are in iambic pentameter.

9 SHAKESPEARE’S SONNETS Most of Shakespeare’s sonnets are speaking to a handsome young lord. Shakespeare advises and praises him. The other sonnets are speaking to or about Shakespeare’s mistress. She also became the young lord’s mistress. She is also referred to as a “dark lady,” meaning that her features (hair, eyes) are dark.

10 Your Turn In partners… Other Examples: (notice the RYHYME SCHEME (abab, cdcd, efef, gg), QUATRAINS, and RHYMING COUPLET The sonnet form is old and full of dust And yet I want to learn to write one well. To learn new forms and grow is quite a must, But I will learn it quickly, I can tell. And so I sit, today, with pen in hand, Composing three new quatrains with a rhyme. The rhythm flows like wind at my command. The A-B-A-B form consumes my time. But I’m not done until there’s fourteen lines. One ending couplet, after three quatrains. I’ve tried to write this new form several times. The effort’s huge; I have to rack my brain. But I persist, my fourteen lines now done. I wrote my poem; my sonnet work is won. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro

11 Sonnet 18 Shall I compare you to a summer day? You’re lovelier and milder. Rough winds shake the pretty buds of May, and summer doesn’t last nearly long enough. Sometimes the sun shines too hot, and often its golden face is darkened by clouds. And everything beautiful stops being beautiful, either by accident or simply in the course of nature. But your eternal summer will never fade, nor will you lose possession of your beauty, nor shall death brag that you are wandering in the underworld, once you’re captured in my eternal verses. As long as men are alive and have eyes with which to see, this poem will live and keep you alive. Lesson 3: Sonnet Intro

12 IAMBIC PENTAMETER Each line of a sonnet has ten syllables. Each line also has a certain rhythm, called iambic pentameter.. Lesson 4: Iambic Pentameter

13 IAMBIC PENTAMETER Iambic pentameter is made of 5 sets of unstressed and stressed syllables. (i.e. U S U S U S U S U S) STRESSED SYLLABLES are emphasized when spoken. Lesson 4: Iambic Pentameter

14 IAMBIC PENTAMETER Stressed syllables are marked with Unstressed syllables are marked with Lesson 4: Iambic Pentameter

15 IAMBIC PENTAMETER Mark iambic pentameter for the following line: Two households both alike in dignity Lesson 4: Iambic Pentameter

16 THINGS TO LOOK FOR WHEN READING A SONNET Rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg quatrains and couplet Form Meaning Iambic pentameter 10 syllables per line Alternating unstressed and stressed syllable

17 In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes, For they in thee a thousand errors note; But 'tis my heart that loves what they despise, Who in despite of view is pleased to dote;


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