2Objectives Describe the achievements of the Minoans and Mycenaeans. Describe the importance of Homer.Explain the importance of Greek mythology to the everyday life of the ancient Greeks.
3Vocabulary Peasant – poor farmer Cultural Borrowing – when a culture takes ideas from another cultureBard – professional story tellers that traveled from town to townLegend – stories handed down from earlier times that explain the pastEpic – long poemsMyth – stories about the actions of gods and goddesses and how they affected the lives of peopleMythology – all the stories passed down from generation to generation
4The Minoans Minoan culture developed on the island of Crete Crete is a long narrow island with rugged mountains and flat plainsIn about 2,000 B.C., the Minoans began building citiesIn each city, they built a large palace that was the center for government and religionThe mild climate made Crete a pleasant place for the Minoans to livePage 279 shows the city of Knossos; the largest Minoan palace
5Minoan Life Minoans developed a rich culture They enjoyed painting, dancing, music and sports.In many of the paintings, both women and men wear gold jewelry and have long flowing hairWrote on clay tabletsThey were expert sailors and traded with other cultures around the MediterraneanThe Minoan culture had come to an end by about B.C.
6Minoan LifeThey produced olive oil, wine, wool, pottery and other goods.In return they received copper, tin, and gold.Historians believe there could be many ends to the Minoan civilization such as:A fireVolcanic EruptionEarthquakeArrival of Mycenaeans
7The MycenaeansThe Mycenaean civilization developed on the Peloponnesus (map on page 281)They adopted many customs from the Minoans and made them their ownThey spoke an early form of the Greek languageUsed Minoan art and pottery stylesThe warlike Mycenaeans controlled Crete and much of the Peloponnesus until about B.C.How did the location of Crete help the Mycenaeans trade with other cultures?
8The MycenaeansHow did the location of Crete help the Mycenaeans trade with other cultures?The Mycenaeans were in an ideal location to sail throughout the Mediterranean
9Legends and Myths Greeks developed a tradition of storytelling Myths and legends were passed down through generations and were important to everyday lifeThe stories were entertaining, but they also taught Greek ideals, values and beliefsThe legend of the Trojan War comes from the bard Homer’s two epics, the Iliad (describes attacks on Troy)and the Odyssey (story of Odysseus on his way home from Trojan War.
10Legends and MythsEach Greek god and goddess possessed a special power or controlled a specific part of human lifeZeus was god of thunder and lightningHera was goddess of marriage and childbirthZeus and Hera were king and queen over all the Greek gods at Mount OlympusMyths were very important to Greek religion
11Legends and myths Recap What do the artifacts on page 282 tell you about Greek culture and religion?How do we know that at least some events in Homer’s epic about the Trojan War are probably true?Why were Greek gods important to the Greek’s daily lives?
12Legends and Myths Recap What do the artifacts on page 282 tell you about Greek culture and religion?Show that the ancient Greeks worshipped and celebrated a number of gods and goddessesHow do we know that at least some events in Homer’s epic about the Trojan War are probably true?Archaeologists have found evidence that suggests that Troy was in fact attacked and burnedWhy were Greek gods important to the Greek’s daily lives?The Greeks believed that each god or goddess controlled a specific part of daily life
13The Greek Dark Age During the Greek Dark Age culture declined They abandoned their palaces and citiesTrade stopped, poverty set inMany cultural achievements were lost during this timeThrough legends and myths the traditions and beliefs of the early Greeks survivedAbout 750 BC the Dark Age was coming to an end
14SummaryThe Minoans and Mycenaeans developed two of Greece’s earliest civilizations.The Minoans built cities around great palaces.Considered the first Greeks, the Mycenaean culture borrowed from the Minoan culture.By the 1100s BC these civilizations had disappeared.Legends and myths kept the traditions and beliefs of Greece’s early civilizations alive.