Presentation on theme: "Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII Basic Ideas & Analysis -- Chapter 1 The legislator's primary concern should be the education of the young. Education must."— Presentation transcript:
Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII Basic Ideas & Analysis -- Chapter 1 The legislator's primary concern should be the education of the young. Education must be public and in common, because there is a single end for the city as a whole. Citizens do not belong to themselves, but rather all belong to the city
Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII – Ch 3 The four customary areas of education are letters, gymnastics, music and drawing. While music is not necessary, it is important because it is with a view to spending leisure time well.
Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII – Ch 3 Some of the useful areas of learning should also be sought not only with a view to utility, but with a view to enable the student to reach higher levels of learning. Seeking utility above all is not fitting for those who are magnanimous and free.
Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII – Ch 3/4 Since education through habits must precede education through reason and education of the body must precede education of the mind, gymnastics must be the first thing taught to children. Chapter 4: [Yet] Gymnastics needs to be pursued moderately, so that it not take precedence over the other subjects, which train the mind.
Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII – Ch 5 Music is for the sake of education, play and pastime. Play is for the sake of rest, which should be pleasant, & music is one of the most pleasant things. But some human beings have made play their ultimate end, because the end does in fact involve pleasure.
Aristotle’s POLITICS: Book VIII – Ch 5/6 Music itself is good for education because the harmonious blend of sounds leads the soul to balance the passions harmoniously in accordance with reason. Chapter 6: Children should actively participate in the making of music themselves through singing or playing instruments, because it provides them with a noble pastime and keeps them out of trouble. "Education is a rattle for the young."
Analysis: Aristotle’s POLITICS Education is the best means of preserving a regime and should be the legislator's greatest concern. The value that Aristotle places on education is rooted in his emphasis on the goal of the city as living well. Since the raison d'être of the city is to help its citizens live the good life, teaching citizens to be virtuous is of primary importance. Furthermore, having well-educated and virtuous citizens will also help the city as a whole to be better.
Analysis: Aristotle’s POLITICS A proper education in virtue requires habituation and proper intellectual formation. Education is not just an intellectual matter, but is the education of the soul in virtue, only part of which is intellectual.
Analysis: Aristotle’s POLITICS Before children are ready for intellectual training, however, they must learn virtues of self-discipline through gymnastics, And must acquire a taste for harmony in music so that they will be inclined to seek the harmony of their souls through a proper balance in which the appetites are subordinated to the rule of reason.
Aristotle on the Value of Music The three benefits of music: Education [ch 5] Purgation [Poetics] Relaxation [ch 3]