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Grammar Week 3: Sentence Structures. Sentence Structures 4 Types of Sentences -Simple -Compound -Complex -Compound-Complex.

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Presentation on theme: "Grammar Week 3: Sentence Structures. Sentence Structures 4 Types of Sentences -Simple -Compound -Complex -Compound-Complex."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grammar Week 3: Sentence Structures

2 Sentence Structures 4 Types of Sentences -Simple -Compound -Complex -Compound-Complex

3 Sentence Structures Simple Sentence-Contains one independent clause -One main idea; compound subjects are OK

4 Examples of Simple Sentences We waited for the bus in the unbearable heat. She caught the ball near the goal line. Cellphones and headphones should both be put away during class.

5 Write your own simple sentence describing this picture.

6 Sentence Structures Compound Sentence -Contains two or more independent clauses joined by a: -Coordinator or Semicolon

7 Sentence Structures Examples of Coordinators -For -And -Nor -But -Or -Yet -So

8 Examples of Compound Sentences The store was closed, so he drove around to kill time. They studied for an hour and they ate dinner around nine. Max and Gregor arrived before nine, but it was still too late to enter the show. The house is finally ready to be sold; it was in repair for a year.

9 Write your own compound sentence describing this picture.

10 Practice

11 1. Sam waited for the train. 2. Kyle and Sarah enjoy watching TV. 3. We looked for them at the station, but they arrived later than we thought. 4. The company donated money every year to fight hunger and disease. 5. They practiced in the morning for two months, yet the play turned out to be a disaster. 6. Both Phoenix and Las Vegas can get extremely hot in July and August.

12 Need more Practice?

13 Practice

14 1. Mr. Morton ran for office in I got in trouble so I can't go to the party, but it would have been fun. 3. The drummers played a long time, yet the piano players stopped early. 4. The big brown dog ran after the yellow and red ball. 5. Many brave soldiers fought in the war, and they received medals.

15 Review 1. Independent Clause 2. Dependent Clause 3. Simple Sentence 4. Compound Sentence

16 Sentence Structures Complex Sentence-One independent clause joined with a dependent clause

17 Sentence Structures -Dependent clause starts with a subordinator : since, because, before, after, although, when, until, while, etc.

18 Examples of Complex Sentences After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport.

19 Examples of Complex Sentences After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport. Independent Clause

20 Examples of Complex Sentences After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport. Dependent Clause

21 Examples of Complex Sentences After saying goodbye to everyone, Brian got into the taxi and went to the airport. Dependent Clause Subordinator

22 Examples of Complex Sentences They censored the movie because they didn’t want to offend anyone.

23 Examples of Complex Sentences They censored the movie because they didn’t want to offend anyone. Independent Clause

24 Examples of Complex Sentences They censored the movie because they didn’t want to offend anyone. Dependent Clause Subordinator

25 Examples of Complex Sentences Since it was an Early Release Day, we went to Long Wong’s and ate fifty hot wings.

26 Examples of Complex Sentences Since it was an Early Release Day, we went to Long Wong’s and ate fifty hot wings. Dependent Clause Subordinator

27 Examples of Complex Sentences Since it was an Early Release Day, we went to Long Wong’s and ate fifty hot wings. Independent Clause

28 Practice

29 Write down the dependent clause and circle the subordinator: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.

30 Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.

31 Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.

32 Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.

33 Identify the dependent clause: 1. After driving for three hours, they arrived at their destination. 2. They never stopped on the way there because they wanted to be early. 3. Although they drove together, it was not a pleasant drive. 4. We decided to ride together since we were going to the same meeting.

34 Questions?

35 Review 1. Independent and Dependent Clauses 2. Simple Sentence 3. Compound Sentence 4. Complex Sentence

36 Sentence Structures Compound-Complex Sentence -Two or more independent clauses joined with at least one dependent clause

37 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Although they usually watch dramas, they decided to see a comedy, and they enjoyed it very much.

38 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Although they usually watch dramas, they decided to see a comedy, and they enjoyed it very much. Dependent Clause Subordinator

39 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Although they usually watch dramas, they decided to see a comedy, and they enjoyed it very much. Independent Clause 1 Independent Clause 2

40 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Gregor had to wake up early to go to practice, but he was glad he stayed up late because he was able to watch the championship game on TV.

41 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Gregor had to wake up early to go to practice, but he was glad he stayed up late because he was able to watch the championship game on TV. Independent Clause 1 Independent Clause 2

42 Examples of Compound-Complex Sentences Gregor had to wake up early to go to practice, but he was glad he stayed up late because he was able to watch the championship game on TV. Dependent Clause

43 Practice

44 Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause? 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital.

45 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital. Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause?

46 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital. Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause?

47 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital. Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause?

48 1. Daryl is very good with a bow, although it is odd that he never runs out of arrows. 2. Since Rick was their leader, he often made the important decisions about where to relocate. 3. Hershel was their voice of reason, but he wasn’t afraid to speak up because of his faith. 4. After he woke up, Jim looked around, but he couldn’t find anyone in the empty hospital. Complex or Compound-Complex? Independent Clause?

49 Questions?

50 Sentence Identification and Labeling

51 Independent Clauses = Underline Dependent Clauses = Draw a box Coordinators and = Circle Subordinators

52 Practice

53 1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.

54 1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.

55 1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.

56 1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.

57 1. Since they were trained at a young age, Spartans were incredible soldiers. 2. While searching for a light, he kicked something on the floor, and discovered it was an empty bottle. 3. Gladiators often fought to the death because it was entertainment for the crowd. 4. Jim slowly roamed the empty streets, but he never found anyone since the city was evacuated.

58 Sentence Structures Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex

59 Sentence Structure? It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded.

60 Sentence Structure? It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded. Coordinator

61 Sentence Structure? It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded. Coordinator Which type of sentence is this?

62 Sentence Structure? Jason stayed up late because he was playing video games.

63 Sentence Structure? Jason stayed up late because he was playing video games. Subordinator

64 Sentence Structure? Jason stayed up late because he was playing video games. Subordinator Dependent Clause Which type of sentence is this? Subordinator

65 Sentence Structure? Mildred and Ann could arrange the pictures in a special album.

66 Sentence Structure? Mildred and Ann could arrange the pictures in a special album. Which type of sentence is this?

67 Sentence Structure? Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise.

68 Sentence Structure? Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise. Subordinator

69 Sentence Structure? Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise. Subordinator

70 Sentence Structure? Even though his heart was pounding, Jim raced up the stairs, and he checked out the strange noise. Subordinator Coordinator Which type of sentence is this?

71 Your Turn!


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