5Penalty PrincipleA response becomes less frequent if loss of a reinforcer or a decrease in a reinforcer has immediately followed it in the past.
6Punishment, penalty, or escape? BeforeBehaviorAfterEd has painful rock in shoeEd shakes rock out of shoeEd has no painful rockJo has no dust in eyesJo blows on dusty surfaceJo has painful dust in eyesBill has $2Bill jumps on furnitureBill loses $1
7What contingency? Before Behavior After Shock Lever press No shock Food pelletsNo food pellets
8Contingency Table Stimulus, event, or condition Present Remove ReinforcerReinforcementPenaltyAversive ConditionPunishmentEscape
9Specific Penalty Contingencies Response costTime out from positive reinforcement
10Response-Cost Contingency The immediate response-contingent removal of a tangible reinforcer resulting in a decreased frequency of the response
15Response Cost vs. Time-Out Removal of the reinforcers themselvesLoss of earned reinforcersLost forevertangiblesTime-OutRemoval of access to reinforcersLoss of opportunity to earn reinforcersLost temporarilyActivities
24Penalty & Reinforcement Inappropriate Natural Reinforcement ContingencyBefore:Sam has no attentionAfter:Sam has attentionBehavior:Sam bounces ball off his mother’s headAfter:Sam can’t play with the toysBefore:Sam can play with toysPerformance-Management Penalty Contingency
27Contingency TableStimulus, Event, or ConditionRemove
28Contingency TableStimulus, Event, or ConditionRemove
29Contingency Table Stimulus, event, or condition Reinforcer Aversive conditionRemovePenaltyEscapePresentReinforcementPunishment
30Contingency Table Stimulus, event, or condition Present Remove ReinforcerReinforcementPenaltyAversive ConditionPunishmentEscape
31Reversal DesignsAn experimental design in which we reverse between intervention and baseline conditions to assess the effects of those conditions.
32Definition of ABA Design An experimental design in which the intervention and baseline conditions are reversed to assess the effects of those conditionsBAA
33BeforeBehaviorAfterEd has painful rock in shoeEd shakes rock out of shoeEd has no painful rockJo has no dust in eyesJo blows on dusty surfaceJo has painful dust in eyesBill has $2Bill jumps on furnitureBill loses $1