Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

EMOTION, AROUSAL AND MEMORY Why emotion and memory? –motivational foundations of cognition –Neurologic links of memory and emotion –Claims about emotion.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "EMOTION, AROUSAL AND MEMORY Why emotion and memory? –motivational foundations of cognition –Neurologic links of memory and emotion –Claims about emotion."— Presentation transcript:

1 EMOTION, AROUSAL AND MEMORY Why emotion and memory? –motivational foundations of cognition –Neurologic links of memory and emotion –Claims about emotion and memory Flashbulb memories Intrusion of memories for traumatic events Repression of memories for traumatic events? Cortical regions involved in emotional cognition –Limbic system Amygdala and the Papez Circuit –Medial frontal cortex Phineas Gage syndrome –fMRI activation recent work at UF

2 Pleasant unpleasant Calm Aroused A TWO-FACTOR APPROACH TO EMOTION Emotion as motivational “action dispositions” (Lang et al.) –Approach and avoidance = valence (pleasant / unpleasant) –Intensity = arousal (calm / aroused) Norming the “emotional space” of stimuli butterprettyhero personhistorycancer

3 How emotion could affect memory –Attentional focus and intensity –Encoding depth and elaboration –Degree of rehearsal and review –Rate or extent of “consolidation” –Affect as retrieval cue –Inhibitory effect of stress? Memory for emotional life events –Emotional public events –Traumatic personal experiences –Are unpleasant events ever less memorable? Potential for selective rehearsal The Pollyanna effect Amnesia for highly traumatic events: Fugues and dissociative amnesia

4 Main Findings of Research on Emotion and Memory Arousal, more than valence, matters –For lab and life, pleasant and unpleasant events remembered better than neutral events –Differences for memory of pleasant & unpleasant events very domain-specific Emotional arousal can act directly as well as indirectly AMYG HIPPOCAMPUS Release of stress Hormones (cortisol, adrenaline) Systemic arousal

5 EMOTION AND MEMORY IN THE LAB Ebbinghaus (1885): emotional materials “more memorable” Levinger & Clark (1961) –30 neutral, 30 unpleasant words –Ss generate associates to each –Immediate recall of associates, given words, slower & less accurate for unpleasant words –So: repression of unpleasant events? Bradley & Morris (1976) –Add pleasant words, delayed recall –Immediate recall worse for emotional words –Delayed recall better for emotional words –So, in LTM at least, a very typical “arousal” effect, with emotional words better remembered

6 ERP’S AND EMOTIONAL WORDS ERPs to emotional words –emotional words show an enhanced positivity c msec post-onset (e.g., Fischler et al.) –Effect is lost when looking only at words subsequently not recalled

7 The “attentional narrowing” hypothesis (Easterbook 1959: Cue Utilization) –Some evidence that stress narrows the “scope” of the spotlight –The “weapon focus” hypothesis (Christianson, 1990) Heuer & Reisberg (1990): emotion and “detail memory” arousing slide show (visit surgeon father, gory pics) neutral slide show (visit auto mechanic father) unexpected recall two weeks later:

8 The “Papez circuit”

9 The “Limbic” System


Download ppt "EMOTION, AROUSAL AND MEMORY Why emotion and memory? –motivational foundations of cognition –Neurologic links of memory and emotion –Claims about emotion."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google