Presentation on theme: "Is Privacy Dead? Do we Care? Anne H Anderson University of Dundee Director ESRC/EPSRC/DTI the Centre of Communication and Information Technologies."— Presentation transcript:
Is Privacy Dead? Do we Care? Anne H Anderson University of Dundee Director ESRC/EPSRC/DTI the Centre of Communication and Information Technologies (PACCIT) Research Programme
Security & Privacy: Balancing threats & civil liberties ‘Sleep walking into a surveillance society?’
What about our individual responsibilities ? We all have access to more surveillance technology than George Orwell’s Big Brother ever dreamed of Are we all paparazzi now? Or Citizen reporters? Or spies ? Or peeping toms?
Professional Responsibilities Design for privacy Design against crime Mobile phones in Korea Legal changes in US and elsewhere Technology awareness & informed use Many social, ethical and engineering challenges to design for informed use
Most surveyed society After CCTV comes? You’ve been nicked – by a lamppost (Guardian, March 30 th, 2005) Flashcam trials in UK – cameras high on lampposts in high crime areas Sense human movement and shout ‘ Stop if you are engaging in illegal activity! Your photograph will be taken and used to prosecute you. Please leave the area.’ Claim is wrongdoers flee the scene Do we accept the privacy/civil liberties issues?
Principle of Reciprocity? Nannycam Social Networking – privacy policies Privacy safegaurds – social etiquette Accessing Facebook to screen employees
Privacy in Social Networking MySpace 150 million users FaceBook 34 million active members Privacy policies changed & criticised Hinduja & Patchin (in press) 40% teenagers on MySpace restrict access Only 9% gave full names 8% of sample were cleraly lying about their age <16 Sophos report on geography networks and Freddi Staur – 41% ‘friends’ divulged personal data
Technology Development Privacy and Social Implications Web2.0 Flikr TiVo Social Networking Are these changing our notion of privacy? Are they leading to a social revolution or …? How far are we responsible for protecting our own privacy? Can or should we design features to protect ourselves?
Are all technologies acceptable? RFID tags have raised concerns in UK and US ‘RFID Tracking Pilot Programme ended in Sutter School’ – US School ID tags with RFID rejected ‘Our children should never have been tagged like pieces of inventory or cattle. The RFID tags violated the students’ privacy and were demeaning’ ‘Big Brother at the supermarket till’ BBC news Some consumer groups fear being spied on TESCO & MS deny the intention or capability
Instant News vs Happy Slapping Mobile phones provided some of the more immediate and vivid images of the bomb attacks in London. BBC News ‘Floods of photos: before TV ‘ Happy Slappers attack women with baseball bats’ ‘Happy slapping youths convicted of manslaugther’ ‘Happy slappers attack star’ ‘Does happy slapping exist?’
Is Privacy Dead?? Well it is looking a bit peaky The boundaries between /virtual/private/public/ are blurring We have a role in stimulating debate on the implications, costs/benefits What should the penalties be for privacy breaches? We are social beings with ethical concerns We also have individual responsibilities We can develop privacy conventions We can also design & implement technologies with privacy in mind
For Further Discussions of these Issues: Royal Academy of Engineering Report Dilemmas of Privacy and Surveillance: Challenges of Technological Change