Presentation on theme: "Marriage. Marriage is an institution which admits men and women to family life. It is universally present in all civilised societies though its forms."— Presentation transcript:
Marriage is an institution which admits men and women to family life. It is universally present in all civilised societies though its forms and objectives can be different.In India it is a basic institution,and religious sacrament.The important and essential thing about marriage is that it is a stable relationship in which a man and woman are socially permitted to have children.
“It is a relatively permanent bond between permissible mates.” Lowie “Marriage consists of the rules and regulations which defines the rights, duties and privileges of husband and wife with respect to each other.” Lundberg
This institution is universal in nature. This institution provides provision to satisfy sexual need. Marriage is not based on sexual relationships only. Marriage determines one’s social status.
Marriage is socially and legally sanctioned by the society Religious Sacrament Requires social approval.
Satisfaction of sexual instict Formation of family Production of children Procreation and bringing up of children Provision of economic co-operation Performance of religious duties
Performance of duties towards family Development of personality Provides social status Economic unit Mental peace
Regulation of sex life Leads to the establishment of the family Provides for economic cooperation Contributes to emotional and intellectual interstimulation of the partners Aims at social solidarity
Monogamy Merits- Universally practicable Economically better suited Promotes better understanding between husband and wife Contributes to stable family and sex life Helps in better socialisation Aged parents are not neglected Better status for women
Demerits- Unnatural concept Leads to Monopoly No-one to help in the time of crises Polygamy is of two types Polygyny in which one man marries more than one woman at a given time. Soral Polygyny and Non-Soral Polygyny
Causes- Disproportionate sex ratio Out-migration of male population Hypergamy Desire for the male child Economic reasons Variety of sex relations
Enforced celibacy Need for more children To have children Religious reasons Patriarchal society
Advantages of Polygyny- Better status of children Rapid growth of population Importance of males Division of labour Variety of sex relations Continuity of family
Disadvantages of Polygyny- Lower status of women Jealousy Low economic status Population growth Fragmentation of property Uncongenial atmosphere
Polyandry in which one woman marries more than one man at a given time Fraternal & Non-Fraternal Polyandry Causes of Polyandry Lesser number of women Infanticide Matrilineal system Poverty Bride Price
Division of Property Production and labour Solcial Custom Advantages of Polyandry- Checks Population Growth Economic Standard Greater security
Property remains intact Higher Status of women Disadvantages of Polyandry- Jealousy Lack of model Low standard of health of the women Leads to Sterility among women
Low status of husband Lack of attachment Less population Loose morality Unnatural Bad influence on children Increase in divorce rate Group Marriage
Endogamy- partner to be selected within the group Types Caste Endogamy Class Endogamy Racial Endogamy Religionus Endogamy Regional Endogamy Causes Racial differences Child marriage Propoganda of different religions increased alienation Merits
Exogamy- partner to be selected outside ones group Types Clan Exogamy Sapinda Exogamy Gotra Exogamy Village Exogamy causes Hypergamy- marriage between high caste boy and low caste girl Hypogamy- marriage between high caste girl and low caste boy Levirate- marriage with ones bhabhi Sororate- marriage with ones salli