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Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIA Director of Neurosciences – Sterling Hospital Prof. and head, Department of Neurology - VSGH I.P. Chairman, National.

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Presentation on theme: "Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIA Director of Neurosciences – Sterling Hospital Prof. and head, Department of Neurology - VSGH I.P. Chairman, National."— Presentation transcript:

1 Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIA Director of Neurosciences – Sterling Hospital Prof. and head, Department of Neurology - VSGH I.P. Chairman, National Jain Doctors’ Federation, INDIA International Coordinator, NJDF July 2007 New Jersey, USA

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3 The contribution of Jain religion Lord Mahavir (omniscient tirthankar parmatma) out of compassion, applied the Gyana for spiritual uplift and liberation of the soul. In addition, this path also leads to physical well being, mental peace, emotional control and total health of an individual undoubtedly. Also if practiced universally, Jain religion can bring universal peace, ecological balance and welfare of the universe : Global Religion What he preached, has turned out to be permanent and absolute truth – the super science. He was the great scientist earth has ever seen. His preachings and his vision were beyond Raga, Dwesha and Moha, so there is no reason to disbelieve, all that he said - Aptapurush Lord Mahavir (omniscient tirthankar parmatma) out of compassion, applied the Gyana for spiritual uplift and liberation of the soul. In addition, this path also leads to physical well being, mental peace, emotional control and total health of an individual undoubtedly. Also if practiced universally, Jain religion can bring universal peace, ecological balance and welfare of the universe : Global Religion What he preached, has turned out to be permanent and absolute truth – the super science. He was the great scientist earth has ever seen. His preachings and his vision were beyond Raga, Dwesha and Moha, so there is no reason to disbelieve, all that he said - Aptapurush

4 One of the Oldest : References are also in holy vedas. Tripitak has acknowledged Chaturyama dharma and mentioned about lord Mahavir Great personalities and genius people were existing in India between 500 BC to 300 AD. We have lost great opportunities, to change the history and future of mankind. One of the Oldest : References are also in holy vedas. Tripitak has acknowledged Chaturyama dharma and mentioned about lord Mahavir Great personalities and genius people were existing in India between 500 BC to 300 AD. We have lost great opportunities, to change the history and future of mankind. Jain Philosophy

5 A complete philosophy A complete philosophy Complete knowledge Way of life & ethics Perfect way of liberation Ecology Classic karmic theory Anekant and Syadvada : principle of relativity and other viewpoints Compatible with principles of modern science Physics, biology, psychology, physiology & medicine (Life Science) mathematics, astronomy and chemistry Indian - Foreign dignitaries have written wonderful words of praise Jain Philosophy

6 Anushreni Gatihi Bhedad Anuhu Tadbhav – Avyayam Nityam Upayogo Laxanam Sagninah Samanska Is it a text book of science or a religion ? How old is it ? Anushreni Gatihi Bhedad Anuhu Tadbhav – Avyayam Nityam Upayogo Laxanam Sagninah Samanska Is it a text book of science or a religion ? How old is it ?

7 I have taken help from experts. And I need your help and input…

8 Purpose of my talk To open vision Thought process Human welfare Uplift of soul Spread of Jain Thought (No wish to convert) To open vision Thought process Human welfare Uplift of soul Spread of Jain Thought (No wish to convert) Incentive for reading Need for Research Animal welfare Global peace Respect for whole Indian Culture Incentive for reading Need for Research Animal welfare Global peace Respect for whole Indian Culture “This talk is completely dedicated to reinstate our faith in our religion” Everybody wants EVIDENCE Relevance and Context The issue is how scientific our school is, and not of total scientific proof

9 Science and Religion 1.Two sides of the same coin 2.Science looks outward and religion looks inward : but both are searching….. 3.Matter Vs. Soul : God 4.Experiment Vs. Experience 5.Languages are different, but there is no need for conflict. Both are complimentary – Samanvaya 6.Science without religion is blind, religion without science is lame. If science is the motion, religion is the direction 7.Look science with the eyes of religion and reversely True religion should be free of fear, temptation and wrong methods 1.Two sides of the same coin 2.Science looks outward and religion looks inward : but both are searching….. 3.Matter Vs. Soul : God 4.Experiment Vs. Experience 5.Languages are different, but there is no need for conflict. Both are complimentary – Samanvaya 6.Science without religion is blind, religion without science is lame. If science is the motion, religion is the direction 7.Look science with the eyes of religion and reversely True religion should be free of fear, temptation and wrong methods

10 Observations Questions Hypothesis (Thinking) Experiments Theory/quantifications or Principles Prediction Prove/Disprove/modify THEORY: Applications More Q’s… pyramid builds up..unending pursuit….TOE Observations Questions Spiritual Practices Meditation Enlightenment Principles Path Practice Moksha/ Nirvan: The goal is achieved ScienceReligion Methodology

11 Problem in decoding verses Words have changed meaning Translator’s or scriptwriter’s errors, language, memory, time Missing of Texts. Poor understanding by science. Knowledge-evidence based- is evolving. e.g. Plant kingdom. Problem in decoding verses Words have changed meaning Translator’s or scriptwriter’s errors, language, memory, time Missing of Texts. Poor understanding by science. Knowledge-evidence based- is evolving. e.g. Plant kingdom. I am proud of science : Limitation : Laboratory based : Iceberg Science – knowledge is still evolving e.g. plants It changes every time with change in evidence Our senses have limitations. Also dimension theory Several parallel worlds Religion has absolute truth : Shashwat : Faith bound I am proud of science : Limitation : Laboratory based : Iceberg Science – knowledge is still evolving e.g. plants It changes every time with change in evidence Our senses have limitations. Also dimension theory Several parallel worlds Religion has absolute truth : Shashwat : Faith bound The Problems in understanding Texts

12 Sections 1.Basic Sciences 2.Science behind Jain tenets and practices (Meditation.. etc) 3.Ahaarvigyan (Food Philosophy) 4.Medical Sciences (Life Sciences) 5.Allied Sciences 1.Basic Sciences 2.Science behind Jain tenets and practices (Meditation.. etc) 3.Ahaarvigyan (Food Philosophy) 4.Medical Sciences (Life Sciences) 5.Allied Sciences

13 Lord Mahavir & Scientists

14 Basic Sciences

15 Samyag Darshan Gyan Charitrani Mokshamargah: - Purpose & essence of Tatwarthadhigam sutra is Moksha through ratnatraya - To achieve moksha, one must know the dravya, tatva & the causation of karmabandh. Then to understand the way of liberation. Hence, we have to study physics, biology, astronomy, types of knowledge,characteristics of soul,matter, time and space, stages of evolution of soul. As if Science and Religion is one and inseparable Samyag Darshan Gyan Charitrani Mokshamargah: - Purpose & essence of Tatwarthadhigam sutra is Moksha through ratnatraya - To achieve moksha, one must know the dravya, tatva & the causation of karmabandh. Then to understand the way of liberation. Hence, we have to study physics, biology, astronomy, types of knowledge,characteristics of soul,matter, time and space, stages of evolution of soul. As if Science and Religion is one and inseparable Tatwarthadhigam Sutra The 1 st ever written complete text book of science …… (also in samaysaar, niyamsaar and pravachansaar) The 1 st ever written complete text book of science …… (also in samaysaar, niyamsaar and pravachansaar)

16 Tatvarthsutra 1 st complete book of science of mankind 1. Categories of Truth 2. Nature of the soul 3. The lower & middle regions (Astronomy) 4. The Gods (Devas) 5. Substances (Dravya) 6. Inflow of Karma (Ashrava) 7. The vows 8. The Karmic Bondage 9. Inhibiting & wearing off Karma (Samvar, Nirjara) 10. Liberation (Moksha) 1. Categories of Truth 2. Nature of the soul 3. The lower & middle regions (Astronomy) 4. The Gods (Devas) 5. Substances (Dravya) 6. Inflow of Karma (Ashrava) 7. The vows 8. The Karmic Bondage 9. Inhibiting & wearing off Karma (Samvar, Nirjara) 10. Liberation (Moksha)

17 Section I : Basic Sciences PHYSICS Atoms

18 Atomic Science Atom - indivisible unit. Atom - indivisible unit. Tatwarth Sutra : P.P.Umaswatiji : 1st Century Anavah skandhas cha - Matter has two varieties : 5/25 atoms & clusters. Samghata-bhedebhya- - Clusters are produced by 5/26 utpadyante fission, fusion or both. Samghata-bhedebhya- - Clusters are produced by 5/26 utpadyante fission, fusion or both. Bhedad anuh - Atom is the final product 5/27 of fission-disintegration. Bhedad anuh - Atom is the final product 5/27 of fission-disintegration.

19 Bheda-samghatabhyam caksusah - 5/28 The visibility of clusters is produced by the combination of disintegration & reintegration. Bheda-samghatabhyam caksusah - 5/28 The visibility of clusters is produced by the combination of disintegration & reintegration. Utpada-vyaya-dhrauvyayuktam sat - 5/29 Origin, cessation & persistence constitute existence. Utpada-vyaya-dhrauvyayuktam sat - 5/29 Origin, cessation & persistence constitute existence. Tadbhavavyayam nityam - 5/30 What remains as it is : eternal : Universal Tadbhavavyayam nityam - 5/30 What remains as it is : eternal : Universal Atomic Science

20 Snigdha-ruksatvad bandhah – Atomic 5/32 integration is due to their positive & negative charge ( tactile qualities of viscosity & dryness ) Snigdha-ruksatvad bandhah – Atomic 5/32 integration is due to their positive & negative charge ( tactile qualities of viscosity & dryness ) Atomic Science

21 Na jaghanyagunanam - There cannot be integration of atoms (and clusters) that possess the minimum one degree of difference (viscosity or dryness) 5/33 Gunasamye sadrasanam - Atoms with similar (same degree of) charges cannot integrate. 5/34 Gunasamye sadrasanam - Atoms with similar (same degree of) charges cannot integrate. 5/34 Atomic Science

22 Subatomic Particles Description of subatomic particles is mind-boggling. 4 different types of qualities of atoms have been described ( Sheet-snigdha, Sheet-ruksha, Ushna-snigdha, Ushna- ruksha) Two types of matter (a) with charge (b) without charge (Photon, Graviton, Gluon) Dravya naya: Total Quantity of Atoms is Constant Paryaya naya : Changeable Divisions & Subdivisions of Atoms are Plenty Small & Big, Cause & Effect Atoms, Dravya & Bhava Atoms, Atoms carrying Touch,Smell,Vision etc. Qualities.

23 Here, formation of matter, concept of universal matter, atomic fusion, integration & disintegration of matter,constancy & transformability of objects - all high principles of atomic science-physics are discussed. The concepts of subatomic particles are even mind boggling. Here, formation of matter, concept of universal matter, atomic fusion, integration & disintegration of matter,constancy & transformability of objects - all high principles of atomic science-physics are discussed. The concepts of subatomic particles are even mind boggling. Atomic Science Aren’t you Surprised ?KEWALGYANA

24 Applied Physics Ajivakaya dharmadharma kasa pudgalah : 5/1 Dravyani jivas cha : 5/2 kalaschetyeke : 5/38 Media of dharma (motion) & adharma (inertia- rest), space, matter and souls are Dravyas (substances). Time is also a substance according to some preachers. Ajivakaya dharmadharma kasa pudgalah : 5/1 Dravyani jivas cha : 5/2 kalaschetyeke : 5/38 Media of dharma (motion) & adharma (inertia- rest), space, matter and souls are Dravyas (substances). Time is also a substance according to some preachers.

25 Adharmastikaya All that we see in universe is 4% matter 1% dark matter 75% dark energy – is it Adharmastikaya or is it supporting the inertia as against Dharmastikaya which supports motion

26 Vartana parinamah kriya paratva - paratve cha kalasya : 5/22 The functions of time are : Becoming ( Inspiring ), change, motion & sequence. Research area Time in physics : several, but not related (six) Absolute time, astronomical time, change etc. Vartana parinamah kriya paratva - paratve cha kalasya : 5/22 The functions of time are : Becoming ( Inspiring ), change, motion & sequence. Research area Time in physics : several, but not related (six) Absolute time, astronomical time, change etc. Applied Physics

27 Sarira-van-manah-prana-panah pudgalanam : 5/19 * Matter functions as the material cause of body, speech, mind & breath. Sarira-van-manah-prana-panah pudgalanam : 5/19 * Matter functions as the material cause of body, speech, mind & breath. Sukha-dukha-jivita-maranopagrahas cha : 5/20 * The production of pleasure, pain, life & death is also due to matter (chemical properties). Research area Sukha-dukha-jivita-maranopagrahas cha : 5/20 * The production of pleasure, pain, life & death is also due to matter (chemical properties). Research area Applied Physics

28 Thought SPECT studies : Mana, vachana, kaya, Pudgala. SPECT studies : Mana, vachana, kaya, Pudgala.

29 Mati : Smruti : Sangya chintaabhinibodh ityanarthantaram Mati (knowledge about existing thing), memory, recall, thinking process and conclusion is matigyana. And this is the function of senses and mind. Thoughtfulness & perception, discrimination between good & bad, useful & harmful are all functions of mind. Mind has two aspects : 1) Physical 2) Psychic mind Science does not know about Dravyamana & Bhavamana so far. However, if we take mind as interface between the consciousness and intellect, then we can explain. Mati : Smruti : Sangya chintaabhinibodh ityanarthantaram Mati (knowledge about existing thing), memory, recall, thinking process and conclusion is matigyana. And this is the function of senses and mind. Thoughtfulness & perception, discrimination between good & bad, useful & harmful are all functions of mind. Mind has two aspects : 1) Physical 2) Psychic mind Science does not know about Dravyamana & Bhavamana so far. However, if we take mind as interface between the consciousness and intellect, then we can explain. Psychology

30 Intellectuals have both minds. Only psychic mind doesn’t help in the thought process. Sangninah samanaska : 2/25 The higher developed the mind, the animal will be more intelligent. (Devas,Narakas,Garbhaj (womb) human & Garbhaj animals have higher mind.) Concept of psychotherapy and psychic treatment. Intellectuals have both minds. Only psychic mind doesn’t help in the thought process. Sangninah samanaska : 2/25 The higher developed the mind, the animal will be more intelligent. (Devas,Narakas,Garbhaj (womb) human & Garbhaj animals have higher mind.) Concept of psychotherapy and psychic treatment.

31 Biology Classification of living beings Ekendriya, Beyindriya …. Panchendriya Tras, sthaavar Concept of Pratyek and Sadharan Nigod Sammurchhim jiva

32 Plant Kingdom They have leshya, kashaya, instincts and feelings (perceptions). (1) Leshya:Colourful plants : Nilleshya thorns, bad smells : Kapot (2) Kashaya:Carrots, potato : Lobha : accumulation Coloured plants : Maya Eating food can change our thought process (3) Instincts:Ahaar, fear, accumulation and reproduction. (4) Samvedana (feelings) :Dr.Jagdishchandra Bose : Pain : Shame – Lajamani :Mr.T.N.Singh : Effect of music on plants :Dr.Bexter : Trees keep watch even on spiders

33 Upayogo lakshanam : 2/8 ▪ Sentinence is the defining characteristic of the soul. Constant awareness, consciousness & application of knowledge is upayoga. Dravyasangraha ▪ The one that survives, applies knowledge, does not disintegrate (does not die), is Karta and is equal to the proportion of body is called Jeeva. P arasparopagraho Jivanam : 5/21 The function of the soul is to render services – usefulness - to one another. Each soul is entangled with all the rest in the universe. We are influenced by the rest (Non-violence). Upayogo lakshanam : 2/8 ▪ Sentinence is the defining characteristic of the soul. Constant awareness, consciousness & application of knowledge is upayoga. Dravyasangraha ▪ The one that survives, applies knowledge, does not disintegrate (does not die), is Karta and is equal to the proportion of body is called Jeeva. P arasparopagraho Jivanam : 5/21 The function of the soul is to render services – usefulness - to one another. Each soul is entangled with all the rest in the universe. We are influenced by the rest (Non-violence). Applied Biology

34 The inertial mass of a particle is a result of the “interaction” of mass of other bodies in the rest of the universe Extending it to life Life: Life of even the smallest being is a result of “interaction” of life in the rest of the universe. “No one can survive by himself” That is if I destroy all life for this earth, I will automatically cease to exist. So when I destroy any life, I also destroy a part of myself. This immediately leads to the principle of non-violence MACH’s Principle

35 Entanglement: EPR paradox Whatever happened to one particle would thus immediately affect the other particle, wherever in the universe it may be. Einstein called this "Spooky action at a distance." We are all entangled

36 Dharma has many meanings True nature The Path Is there an absolute Dharma (Path) which the nature has shown us The answer is yes Dharma Live and Let Live Non Violence

37 Anushreni Gatihi : 2/27 Avigraha Jivasya : 2/28 The movement of souls (as well as matter) is in straight line (unless there is an external force.) The liberated soul moves straight.

38 Classification of substance (Dravya). Classification of matter. Classification of Jiva (Soul). Unit of space (pradesh), unit of time (samaya) and unit of matter (anu) : are unique to Jainism. Classification of substance (Dravya). Classification of matter. Classification of Jiva (Soul). Unit of space (pradesh), unit of time (samaya) and unit of matter (anu) : are unique to Jainism.

39 Astronomy Description of Earth : Bharat & Airawat. Other lokas : Interpretation problems. Life in earth,water,fire,air & plant : Mobile & immobile (Jagdishchandra). Recent notes : air is having living beings & life.

40 The eternal truth of Tripadi. Matter (and objects) have always dual virtue : eternity (dravya) & nonversatility (paryaya) both at the same time. Quantum physics and anekantvada Matter has its own space.Space contains matter. If matter is zero, then space is zero. The eternal truth of Tripadi. Matter (and objects) have always dual virtue : eternity (dravya) & nonversatility (paryaya) both at the same time. Quantum physics and anekantvada Matter has its own space.Space contains matter. If matter is zero, then space is zero.

41 Karmavada is the heart of Jain darshan & Anekant-Syadvada is the brain of Jain darshan. Karmavada has some relevance with genetic coding also. Also it explains principle of causality of physics. Karmic bonds are atomic, is a unique theory. Research area Karmavada is the heart of Jain darshan & Anekant-Syadvada is the brain of Jain darshan. Karmavada has some relevance with genetic coding also. Also it explains principle of causality of physics. Karmic bonds are atomic, is a unique theory. Research area

42 Mahaviracharya 9th Century Ganitsaar sangraha : 9 chapters Algebra, Geometry and Arithmatics Square root, Cube root, Time, Interest, Fractions Joytishpatal : Not available at present Swayambhuv, Adinath, Devnandi, etc. Fractions in Jain Literature : Suryapragnapti Fractions in Tatvartha sutra (Ch.III – Bhashya) Mathematics Science cannot progress without maths. Maths is above all sciences, as there is no provision for conflict or ambiguity.

43 1.Subjects common to science and Jain scriptures: Astronomy: Surya Pragyapti, Chandra Pragyapti, Geography (3 rd chapter of Tattavartha Sutra: primitive, Nature of physical Universe (T.S.Chapter 5: jiva/Ajiva, Energy, forces etc) can be tested. 2.Subjects exclusive to Jain Darshan Atma, Karma, Moksha etc have not (yet) come under purview of science 3.Operative Principles: some may be common to spiritual and physical domains Jainism Non-violence, Anekantavad, Saptabhangi, Dharma, Karma theory Krambaddha-Paryay Physics Quantum mechanics, Causality, Entanglement, Determinism, Mach’s Principle, Evolution Biology…… plant life, invisible forms Domains of Science and Jain Scriptures

44 Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 1)Reality:Physical realities - can be taken to laboratory, as Science is evidence based. 1.Matter and Energy 2.Energy Fields (Action at a distance) 3.-Electricity, Magnetism and Light (EM Force) -Strong nuclear force -Weak Nuclear force (EM, weak force) -Gravitation force 4.Space and Time Jain darshan dwells on realities. 1) Six Substances ( matter, time, space, motion / energy, inertia & jiva) 2) Nine elements. 1)Reality:Physical realities - can be taken to laboratory, as Science is evidence based. 1.Matter and Energy 2.Energy Fields (Action at a distance) 3.-Electricity, Magnetism and Light (EM Force) -Strong nuclear force -Weak Nuclear force (EM, weak force) -Gravitation force 4.Space and Time Jain darshan dwells on realities. 1) Six Substances ( matter, time, space, motion / energy, inertia & jiva) 2) Nine elements.

45 2) Pudgal : Purayati va Galayati va. - Matter changes forms, disintegrates & reintegrates. - But, the total mass remains constant. Tadbhavavyayam nityam - 5/30 - What remains as it is : eternal : Universal 2) Pudgal : Purayati va Galayati va. - Matter changes forms, disintegrates & reintegrates. - But, the total mass remains constant. Tadbhavavyayam nityam - 5/30 - What remains as it is : eternal : Universal Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

46 3) Motion & Inertia : Dharmastikaya & Adharmastikaya. They help motion or static property of Jiva & pudgala, just by their nature. That is their function. 3) Motion & Inertia : Dharmastikaya & Adharmastikaya. They help motion or static property of Jiva & pudgala, just by their nature. That is their function. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

47 4) Quantum theory of Max Planck : Energy is radiated in quanta. Disintegration and reintegration is the nature of matter. Thus objects can disintegrate but can reintegrate elsewhere. 4) Quantum theory of Max Planck : Energy is radiated in quanta. Disintegration and reintegration is the nature of matter. Thus objects can disintegrate but can reintegrate elsewhere. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion Max Planck

48 Jain syadvad is a conceptual thinking. It applies not only to matter which is visible, but everywhere. It is so perfectly designed-it can never be challenged. It accounts the other view points and different references. - Vyavhar satya - Nischaya satya. It also explains the relativity principle of matter, but is more philosophical. If understood & applied, worldly quarrels will stop forever. Jain syadvad is a conceptual thinking. It applies not only to matter which is visible, but everywhere. It is so perfectly designed-it can never be challenged. It accounts the other view points and different references. - Vyavhar satya - Nischaya satya. It also explains the relativity principle of matter, but is more philosophical. If understood & applied, worldly quarrels will stop forever. 5) Syadvad – Relativity Anekantvad - multifacedness Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

49 Laws governing Macro world and micro-world are different: Classical (Whole= sum of the parts) Quantum (dual behavior of electron or photon) Some states in quantum world are indescribable What is called avyakta. Seven such states are possible: May be yes, May be No, May be both, may be indescribable, may be yes and indescribable, May be No and indescribable, May be both and indescribable (Saptabhangi) As we go to the world of finer and finer (sukshma ) particles, new properties (or attributes) come into play ( In science they are termed as quantum numbers or states) and all do not exist at once. Many of them could be contradictory properties. This is the basic nature of certain things (multifacedness = Anekantavad). Thus I have argued that anekantavad is a physical reality Laws of Physics

50 6) Telepathy + : ManahparyavGyan / ShrutGyan 7) Television, Radio, Telefax : AvadhiGyan (space & time) 7) Television, Radio, Telefax : AvadhiGyan (space & time) 8) Teleporting & Recent experiments : Aharak sharir. 8) Teleporting & Recent experiments : Aharak sharir. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

51 9) Properties of sound : Anuyogadwara Sutra Music & its effect on body : Malkauns Music (sound) can affect health, mental peace, temperament and fate. Chanting mantra (Alignment & Sound) Science of yantra (shape & form with momentum) 12 th Drastiwad : 14 purva 9) Properties of sound : Anuyogadwara Sutra Music & its effect on body : Malkauns Music (sound) can affect health, mental peace, temperament and fate. Chanting mantra (Alignment & Sound) Science of yantra (shape & form with momentum) 12 th Drastiwad : 14 purva Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

52 5/8/2015 Various modes of music mentioned in Ajitshanti stotra are useful as remedies. Malkauns & Deshana Anuyogadwara Sutra, Samveda and Gandharvaveda

53 Mr. Emoto decided to see what effects music had upon the structure of water. He placed distilled water between two speakers for several hours while playing music and then photographed the crystals that formed after the water was frozen. The results of the effects of these two very different types of music speak for themselves. This is the effect of Bach’s “Air for the G String” This is the effect of Heavy Metal Music

54 A Yantra is a graphic representation of the sound of Mantra

55 Mr. Emoto decided to see how thoughts and words affected the formation of untreated, distilled water crystals by typing words onto paper and then taping them on glass bottles overnight. These are effects of the words “Love and Appreciation” These are the effects of “You make me sick. I will kill you!” Effect of sound - chanting

56 Physiology in Jain Scriptures Various types of bone-joints which are called SAMGHAYANs, number of ribs, position and weight of various parts representing Anatomy of Human body are discussed. There are also some references about embryology in Tandulveyaliya payanna. Reproductive systems and the abilities of men and women are also described in literature. Various types of bone-joints which are called SAMGHAYANs, number of ribs, position and weight of various parts representing Anatomy of Human body are discussed. There are also some references about embryology in Tandulveyaliya payanna. Reproductive systems and the abilities of men and women are also described in literature.

57 Science behind Jain tenets and practices Science behind Jain tenets and practices

58 Samayik :- Samatvabhava - karmanirjara - way to liberation Samata towards living beings : No raga – dwesha Samata towards objects : No moha – shoka Pratikraman Samatva followed by meditation & Kayotsagra with six requisites (Shad Avashyak) Creates blissful state. Presence of Gurudeva – so you are stress free, guilt free, disease free. This is followed by prayaschita and sadhana Prayaschitta takes care of past tense Vishuddhi takes care of present tense Vishalya takes care of future tense Samayik :- Samatvabhava - karmanirjara - way to liberation Samata towards living beings : No raga – dwesha Samata towards objects : No moha – shoka Pratikraman Samatva followed by meditation & Kayotsagra with six requisites (Shad Avashyak) Creates blissful state. Presence of Gurudeva – so you are stress free, guilt free, disease free. This is followed by prayaschita and sadhana Prayaschitta takes care of past tense Vishuddhi takes care of present tense Vishalya takes care of future tense

59 The Tapas (Penance) : Bahya : Anashan, Unodari, Vrutisankshep, Rastyaga, Kayaklesha, Samlinata. The Tapas (Penance) : Bahya : Anashan, Unodari, Vrutisankshep, Rastyaga, Kayaklesha, Samlinata. Abhyantar : Prayaschita, Vinaya, Veyavacha, Swadhyaya, Kayotsarga, Meditation.

60 MEDITATION, ITS TECHNIQUES AND ITS SCIENCE

61 Meditation Jaindhyana Dharmadhyana & shukladhyana… excellent remedy for all types of health. Jain religion is Bhavadharma,so meditation is of utmost importance. Several types of meditations. Samayik & kayotsarga are super meditations. Kayotsarga takes care of asana and pratyahaar. Preksha, vipashyana, granthibheda and atmadhyana. Dharmadhyana & shukladhyana… excellent remedy for all types of health. Jain religion is Bhavadharma,so meditation is of utmost importance. Several types of meditations. Samayik & kayotsarga are super meditations. Kayotsarga takes care of asana and pratyahaar. Preksha, vipashyana, granthibheda and atmadhyana.

62 What is meditation ? Exercise of mind to keep it healthy and clean, as we do for body. A state of altered consciousness. Fourth stage of consciousness. Spiritual ecstasy with neurological manifestation. Not really a Hallucination

63 Rituals Morality Character Charity RELIGION Karmayoga Devotion Philosophy Meditation Spirituality

64 Meditation techniques Focus on Breathing Focus on an object Focus on a sound Focus on a thought Focus on sensual object Focus on sensory perception Imagery Soul meditation

65 Meditation-Techniques Vipashyana : To see –To observe ( Buddha) - Breathing - Thoughts - Body and perception of sensations Prekshadhyana : To see –To observe( Jain) - Breathing (Shwas-Preksha) - Thoughts (Vichar-Preksha) - Body (Sharir-Preksha) - Mind (Anupreksha) - Leshyadhyana etc

66 Effect of meditating music BETA: Alert/Working waves per second ALPHA: Relaxed/Reflecting waves per second THETA: Drowsy/Meditating 4-7 waves per second DELTA: Sleep/Dreaming 3-4 waves per second DELTA: Deep & Dreamless Sleep.5-2 waves per sec

67 SPECT Images at Baseline and During Meditation BaselineMeditation Prefrontal Cortex

68 Superior Parietal Lobe Superior Parietal Lobe Baseline Meditation SPECT Images at Baseline and During Meditation

69 Increase rCBF in frontal area and shut down of OAA in parietal area is the key finding. This is not hallucination. All Meditators have same findings. Summary of SPECT findings

70 Ahaarvigyan

71 The philosophy of food : Quantitative & Qualitative (satva,Rajas,Tamas) Modern science has confined at determining the caloric values and its classification into vitamins, proteins and carbohydrate content. The jain school of thought has gone deep into subtler properties of various types of food items and deal with its psychic as well as physical effects. The philosophy of food : Quantitative & Qualitative (satva,Rajas,Tamas) Modern science has confined at determining the caloric values and its classification into vitamins, proteins and carbohydrate content. The jain school of thought has gone deep into subtler properties of various types of food items and deal with its psychic as well as physical effects. Section III : Ahaarvigyan Purity of Food is necessary for Purity of Soul

72 Vigai is a Rajsik food, while Mahavigai is a Tamsik food so every one should abstain form Mahavigai. Science of Tithi habits Types of Ahaar Prakshepahar Ojahar Lomahar (c) Boiling & filtering water (d) Life of Different food items : Flour (3,5,7) & mixing

73 Long before existence of microscopic life was shown and plants were considered to be living by modern science, these facts were well established in jain philosophy and formed the foundations of complex practice as a corollary of nonviolence, which is the basic tenet of Jainism. That is why there is severe restriction on Ratribhojan and drinking water without boiling. Also to avoid Kandmul like potato and similar anantkaya plants. Long before existence of microscopic life was shown and plants were considered to be living by modern science, these facts were well established in jain philosophy and formed the foundations of complex practice as a corollary of nonviolence, which is the basic tenet of Jainism. That is why there is severe restriction on Ratribhojan and drinking water without boiling. Also to avoid Kandmul like potato and similar anantkaya plants.

74 Ratribhojan – Terrible sin Physiologically at night : Slow metabolism, Decreased activity Indigestion. Absence of sun light : Excess of organisms. Sunlight can kill them and control pollution. Rule of 48 minutes (for sheet yoni microscopic jiva). Best digestion is at the middle of the day. Ayurveda preaches this for positive health purposes. Allopathy for metabolic purposes. Rajnishji for celebacy

75 Austerities To use very limited items and with caution, is a practice of non violence. Collectiveness and overutilization is violence Biyasana : Disciplined eating habits. No junk. Boiled water. No food & water after sunset. Ekasana : Rest to body so next day stronger. Avoid abhakshya, anatkaya & apathya food, so no perversions. Only eat moderate amount and satvik food. Ayambil : Dry : Avoid vigai. So control of pitta & cough. No spices. Control over tongue, therefore all other senses. Auli to be done twice a year at Sandhikaal. Fast : 36 hours (a) Tivihaar (b) Chauvihar.

76 Tithivigyan Tithivigyan : uplift of individual soul and welfare of all living beings are central themes of jain religion. Avoid lilotaries on twelve tithis, auli days and paryushana. According to lord mahavir, the fate of next birth is created as per the deeds done during these days. So do more religious activities and avoid sachitta. Scientifically it helps in balancing PH & water element during these days (as per lunar cycles).

77 Vigai - Mahavigai Vigai : Perversion. Mahavigai : Worst perversion. The food objects which change the natural tendencies of body, mind and soul and pervert them are vigai. Vigai : 6 : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jaggary – sugar, fried items & sweet objects. Mahavigai : 4 : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-fish, alcohol Non-veg : Saprophytes Alcohol : Pramad, Chitnash etc 16 doshas. Honey : To obtain it we have to kill many bees.

78 Medical Sciences (Life Sciences) Medical Sciences (Life Sciences)

79 Section IV : MEDICAL SCIENCES (LIFE SCIENCES) TOTAL HEALTH SCIENCE Positive health gaining and prevention & treatment of major diseases by JAIN RELIGION

80 Uttaradhyana Brihadvritipatra Vipak sutra Acharang Sukhbodh patra Audh Niryukti Sthanang sutra References of life sciences : how to live, how to avoid diseases and how to cure diseases and create positive health and long life; are available in jain agams. Therapeutics Rasayan vidya Doctor and therapy Disease description Therapy Causation of disease Ref : Acharaya Rajkumar Jain

81 Prevention of heart disease, stroke, cancer & lifestyle diseases and creating positive health Rituals and six avashyak (Samayik & Pratikraman) Padayatra : Exercise Austerities Penance : Tapas Ahaarvigyan : Ayambil etc. Boiled water Avoiding ratribhojan (Research) Vigai : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jeggary, fried objects, sweets. Mahavigai : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-non veg., alcohol. Tithivigyan : Religious, scientific, healthy way (ayurveda) Attitude, positive thoughts : Avoid four Kashaya Meditation and kayostarga Namaskar Mantra chanting Rituals and six avashyak (Samayik & Pratikraman) Padayatra : Exercise Austerities Penance : Tapas Ahaarvigyan : Ayambil etc. Boiled water Avoiding ratribhojan (Research) Vigai : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jeggary, fried objects, sweets. Mahavigai : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-non veg., alcohol. Tithivigyan : Religious, scientific, healthy way (ayurveda) Attitude, positive thoughts : Avoid four Kashaya Meditation and kayostarga Namaskar Mantra chanting Purification of mind – Purification of Body

82 Prevention of coronary disease Padyatra : Exercise Food habits : Satvik food. Avoid vigai. Austerities & Tapas : Weight reduction & healthy body-mind Attitudes : Mental and emotional peace. Samayik, pratikraman Meditation

83 Preventing & treating other diseases Prevention & treatment of :- GI diseases Mental illness Neurological illness Cancer Positive health & long life We at National Jain Doctors’ Federation, did 4 major conferences and discussed the subjects and I, as the chairman of NJDF India, appeal to you to do extensive research as you have better facilities. The other project, we have launched is SHRAMAN - AROGYAM

84  For stress relief philosophical concept of Jainism, food types, austerity, penance and meditation are useful for all men and women  Meditation is one of the Abhyantar penance through which one could be relieved from stress, the miseries and karmic bondage.

85 Secularism 1.Navkar Mantra 2.Bhavbijankur Janana …. 1.Navkar Mantra 2.Bhavbijankur Janana ….

86 Sutra Navkar mantra. Annath Vanditu Tijaypahutta…. We should know their meanings, then only we can add Bhava. Literal chanting does help, but with knowledge it becomes 100 times more powerful. Navkar mantra. Annath Vanditu Tijaypahutta…. We should know their meanings, then only we can add Bhava. Literal chanting does help, but with knowledge it becomes 100 times more powerful.

87 16 Bhavanas 12 Bhavanas will relieve all ragas, dweshas and will be important for liberation of soul. 4 Bhavanas are important guidelines for interpersonal relationship which will create mental peace and stop worldly quarrels.

88 Allied Sciences

89 Ecology ( Ahimsa,Aparigriha,Maitri ) Economy ( Lord Adinath : Asi, Masi, Krushi,Vidya,Vanijya & Shilpa ) Cosmology (Loka) Astrology Metallergy Chemistry With evolution of Science, some religious beliefs have been disreputed however Jainism is rising due to its strong scientific basis Allied Sciences

90 The subjects requiring further research. Disease prevention by jain attitude and life style Three types of Ahaar : (Siddhasen Diwakarji) 1) Ojahar 2) Lomahar 3) Prakshepahar. (Kawal, Drugs, Intravenous ) etc. Karmic theory and Genome project. The concept of autonomous human birth and the cloning of same kind of organisms.

91 Aura is directly related with Leshyas. Colors of Leshyas mention the colors of Aura Leshyas and colors of Aura denote the health of man and woman Krishna, Neela and Kapota leshyas are harmful to health, while Tejo, padma and Shukla leshyas are useful for health.

92 References & Suggested Readings 1.Tatvarthsutra- P.Shri Umaswatiji Samaysaar - P.Shri.Kundkundacharya 2. Bhagavatisutra. 3. Sutrakrutang. 4.Acharang sutra : for psychology. 5.Anuyogdwar sutra : for music etc. 6.Dashvikalik sutra. 1.Tatvarthsutra- P.Shri Umaswatiji Samaysaar - P.Shri.Kundkundacharya 2. Bhagavatisutra. 3. Sutrakrutang. 4.Acharang sutra : for psychology. 5.Anuyogdwar sutra : for music etc. 6.Dashvikalik sutra.

93 7.Other Agams & Sutra. 8.Guideline of Jainism : Bhadrabahuvijay 9.Vigyan & Adhyatma : -Pujya Amrendravijayji. 10.Cosmology old & new -Prof.Jain 11.Scientific secrets of Jainism - P.Shri Nandigoshvijayji. 12.Science and spirituality – P.Shri Chandrashekar Vijayji 13.Dravya Sangraha 7.Other Agams & Sutra. 8.Guideline of Jainism : Bhadrabahuvijay 9.Vigyan & Adhyatma : -Pujya Amrendravijayji. 10.Cosmology old & new -Prof.Jain 11.Scientific secrets of Jainism - P.Shri Nandigoshvijayji. 12.Science and spirituality – P.Shri Chandrashekar Vijayji 13.Dravya Sangraha References & Suggested Readings

94 13.Articles by several Experts and Scientists 1.Dr.Narendra Bhandari (ISRO, Ahmedabad) 2.Dr.Anilkumar Jain (Ahmedabad) 3.Dr.Ashokkumar Jain (Gwalior) 4.Acharya Shri Kanaknandiji maharaj 5.Dr.L.C.Jain (Jabalpur) 6.Dr.Parasmal Agarwal (Udaipur) 7.Dr.Prakashchandra Jain (Sagar) 8.Dr.Rajmal Jain (Ahmedabad) 9.Dr.R.C.Jain (Ujjain) 10.Dr.P.C.Jain (Sagar) 11.Dr.Jitubhai Shah (Ahmedabad) 13.Articles by several Experts and Scientists 1.Dr.Narendra Bhandari (ISRO, Ahmedabad) 2.Dr.Anilkumar Jain (Ahmedabad) 3.Dr.Ashokkumar Jain (Gwalior) 4.Acharya Shri Kanaknandiji maharaj 5.Dr.L.C.Jain (Jabalpur) 6.Dr.Parasmal Agarwal (Udaipur) 7.Dr.Prakashchandra Jain (Sagar) 8.Dr.Rajmal Jain (Ahmedabad) 9.Dr.R.C.Jain (Ujjain) 10.Dr.P.C.Jain (Sagar) 11.Dr.Jitubhai Shah (Ahmedabad) References & Suggested Readings

95 My message Samyaka Darshan – Absolute faith in Jinwani Daily Swadhyaya - Reading scriptures Religion requires to be presented in the context of science Do research Spread the knowledge and Darshan for global welfare, as science needs direction Samyaka Darshan – Absolute faith in Jinwani Daily Swadhyaya - Reading scriptures Religion requires to be presented in the context of science Do research Spread the knowledge and Darshan for global welfare, as science needs direction

96

97

98 Michhami Dukkadam

99 JAI JINENDRA

100 Dharma has many meanings True nature The Path Is there an absolute Dharma (Path) which the nature has shown us The answer is yes Dharma Live and Let Live Non Violence

101 ► Humans ► Earth is 4.5 billion years old ► Life appeared at 3.5 billion years ago History of Life

102 Life has evolved from unicellular to multi cellular insects trees….mammals………..Humans.. New species with higher level of consciousness replace the older species with lower level of consciousness, sometimes gradually and sometimes suddenly. History of life is the evolution of consciousness. The scriptures talk about higher levels of gyan (or consciousness). Some day Man will be replaced by a species of higher conscious level”. This is the direction in which Nature is moving. This is the Path. “If we help nature in pursuing that path, it is Dharma; if our action is against it, it is Adharma.” Who knows the next level of consciousness will evolve from which species. So if we destroy any of the life bearing species, we hinder the nature in its goal. it is adharma. The Nature’s Path

103 6) Syadvada & Theory of Relativity : General theory of relativity & special theory of relativity. These apply to the visible universe only and are entirely on fixed suppositions, where the motion of light is considered fixed & rather absolute for a reference. But, there are problems. Particles are discovered faster than light (tachyon). According to Jain religion paramanu can be propagated faster than light ( Shri Bhagavatisutra). 6) Syadvada & Theory of Relativity : General theory of relativity & special theory of relativity. These apply to the visible universe only and are entirely on fixed suppositions, where the motion of light is considered fixed & rather absolute for a reference. But, there are problems. Particles are discovered faster than light (tachyon). According to Jain religion paramanu can be propagated faster than light ( Shri Bhagavatisutra). Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

104 7) Matter & atoms : Science deals with matter & atoms. Movement & forms of atom have been largely studied in Jainism. Even the mind & thought process is atomic. Atom has enormous energy & matter has several properties right from, material cause of body, speech, mind & breath to perceptions of pleasure, pain & existence of life & achieving death. 7) Matter & atoms : Science deals with matter & atoms. Movement & forms of atom have been largely studied in Jainism. Even the mind & thought process is atomic. Atom has enormous energy & matter has several properties right from, material cause of body, speech, mind & breath to perceptions of pleasure, pain & existence of life & achieving death. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

105 Anekantvada - Saptabhangi

106 Ecology 1.Lord Adinath : Asi, Masi, Krushi,Vidya,Vanijya & Shilpa

107 Chemistry 1.Rasayan shastra

108 Allied Sciences Maths – The numericals, infinity, log tables and scales. Karmic theory and Genome project. The concept of autonomous human birth and the cloning of same kind of organisms. Maths – The numericals, infinity, log tables and scales. Karmic theory and Genome project. The concept of autonomous human birth and the cloning of same kind of organisms. Are you aware ?

109 3) Entropy : The second law of thermodynamics. Anything that is borne, starts travelling towards its end. Any object is always moving towards its end. Movement is duration.Duration means time. Duration of object is movement of object in time. This is the function of time.(vide 5/22) Exactly same principle is in Jainism. 3) Entropy : The second law of thermodynamics. Anything that is borne, starts travelling towards its end. Any object is always moving towards its end. Movement is duration.Duration means time. Duration of object is movement of object in time. This is the function of time.(vide 5/22) Exactly same principle is in Jainism. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion

110 1.Matter and Energy 2.Energy Fields (Action at a distance) 3.-Electricity, Magnetism and Light (EM Force) -Strong nuclear force -Weak Nuclear force (EM, weak force) -Gravitation force 4.Space and Time Physics

111 The universe can be built With 61 sub atomic particles The Material Universe

112 Three generations of particles Ist generation: 2quarks (Down and Up)+electron and its neutrino IInd generation: 2 quarks (strange and Charm) + mu meson and neutrino III generation: 2 quarks (Bottom and Top)+Tau meson and its neutrino Numbers of Particles

113 6 quarks x 3colors each = 18 and their antiparticles = 18 Gluons = 8 6 leptons and their antiparticles = 12 4 carriers of electromganetic forces = 4 Graviton: carrier of force of gravity = 1 ( predicted but not yet discovered) Total building blocks of matter = 61 Basic Particles

114 Particle-LikeWave-Like Dual Behavior of Electrons / Photons

115 Fast : 36 hours (a) Tivihaar (b) Chauvihar. Purpose : (a) sublimation & purification of soul (b) self control (c) purification of body 1-2 / month to upto days. Thus spiritual + physical advantages (Health & scientific purpose). Austerities

116 Life is a condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects, i.e. non-life, and dead organisms, being manifested by growth through metabolism, reproduction, and the power of adaptation to environment through changes originating internally. In physical terms, life is an organism that feeds on negative entropy.[1][2] In more detail, according to physicists such as John Bernal, Erwin Schrodinger, Wigner, and John Avery, life is a member of the class of phenomena which are open or continuous systems able to decrease their internal entropy at the expense of substances or free energy taken in from the environment and subsequently rejected in a degraded form (see: entropy and life).organisms inorganicnon-lifedeadmetabolism reproductionadaptation physical negative entropy[1][2]John BernalErwin Schrodinger WignerJohn Averyentropyfree energyentropy and life Definition of Life

117 1.Homeostasis: Regulation of the internal environment to maintain a constant state; for example, sweating to reduce temperature.Homeostasis 2.Organization: Being composed of one or more cells, which are the basic units of life.cells 3.Metabolism: Consumption of energy by converting nonliving material into cellular components (anabolism) and decomposing organic matter (catabolism). Living things require energy to maintain internal organization (homeostasis) and to produce the other phenomena associated with life.energyanabolismcatabolism 4.Growth: Maintenance of a higher rate of synthesis than catalysis. A growing organism increases in size in all of its parts, rather than simply accumulating matter. The particular species begins to multiply and expand as the evolution continues to flourish.Growth 5.Adaptation: The ability to change over a period of time in response to the environment. This ability is fundamental to the process of evolution and is determined by the organism's heredity as well as the composition of metabolized substances, and external factors present.evolutionheredity 6.Response to stimuli: A response can take many forms, from the contraction of a unicellular organism when touched to complex reactions involving all the senses of higher animals. A response is often expressed by motion, for example, the leaves of a plant turning toward the sun or an animal chasing its prey. 7.Reproduction: The ability to produce new organisms. Reproduction can be the division of one cell to form two new cells. Usually the term is applied to the production of a new individual (either asexually, from a single parent organism, or sexually, from at least two differing parent organisms), although strictly speaking it also describes the production of new cells in the process of growth.asexuallysexually Definition of Life

118 Living things are systems that tend to respond to changes in their environment, and inside themselves, in such a way as to promote their own continuation.[citation needed][citation needed] Life is a characteristic of self-organizing, cannibalistic systems consisting of a population of replicators that are capable of mutation, around most of which homeostatic, metabolizing organisms evolve. This definition does not include flames, but does include worker ants, viruses and mules. Self reproduction and energy consumption is only one means for a system to promote its own continuation. This explains why bees can be alive and yet commit suicide in defending their hive. In this case the whole colony works as such a living system.systemsantsvirusesmules Type of organization of matter producing various interacting forms of variable complexity, whose main property is to replicate almost perfectly by using matter and energy available in their environment to which they may adapt. In this definition "almost perfectly" relates to mutations happening during replication of organisms that may have adaptative benefits. Life is a potentially self-perpetuating open system of linked organic reactions, catalyzed simultaneously and almost isothermally by complex chemicals (enzymes) that are themselved produced by the open system. Definition of Life


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