Presentation on theme: "JAINISM : A SUPER SCIENCE SCIENTIFIC SECRETS OF JAIN RELIGION"— Presentation transcript:
1JAINISM : A SUPER SCIENCE SCIENTIFIC SECRETS OF JAIN RELIGION DR. SUDHIR V. SHAHM.D.,D.M. (NEUROLOGY)Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIADirector of Neurosciences – Sterling HospitalProf. and head, Department of Neurology - VSGHI.P. Chairman, National Jain Doctors’ Federation, INDIAInternational Coordinator, NJDFJuly 2007New Jersey, USA
3The contribution of Jain religion Lord Mahavir (omniscient tirthankar parmatma) out of compassion, applied the Gyana for spiritual uplift and liberation of the soul. In addition, this path also leads to physical well being, mental peace, emotional control and total health of an individual undoubtedly.Also if practiced universally, Jain religion can bring universal peace, ecological balance and welfare of the universe : Global ReligionWhat he preached, has turned out to be permanent and absolute truth – the super science. He was the great scientist earth has ever seen.His preachings and his vision were beyond Raga, Dwesha and Moha, so there is no reason to disbelieve, all that he said - Aptapurush
4Jain Philosophy One of the Oldest : References are also in holy vedas. Tripitak has acknowledged Chaturyama dharma and mentioned about lord MahavirGreat personalities and genius people were existing in India between 500 BC to 300 AD. We have lost great opportunities, to change the history and future of mankind.
5Jain Philosophy A complete philosophy Complete knowledgeWay of life & ethicsPerfect way of liberationEcologyClassic karmic theoryAnekant and Syadvada : principle of relativity and other viewpointsCompatible with principles of modern sciencePhysics, biology, psychology, physiology & medicine (Life Science)mathematics, astronomy and chemistryIndian - Foreign dignitaries have written wonderful words of praise
6Anushreni GatihiBhedad AnuhuTadbhav – Avyayam NityamUpayogo LaxanamSagninah SamanskaIs it a text book of science or a religion ?How old is it ?
7My Attempt I have taken help from experts. And I need your help and input…
8Everybody wants EVIDENCE Purpose of my talkEverybody wants EVIDENCERelevance and ContextThe issue is how scientific our school is, and not of total scientific proof“This talk is completely dedicated to reinstate our faith in our religion”To open visionThought processHuman welfareUplift of soulSpread of Jain Thought(No wish to convert)Incentive for readingNeed for ResearchAnimal welfareGlobal peaceRespect for whole Indian Culture
9Science and Religion Two sides of the same coin Science looks outward and religion looks inward : but both are searching…..Matter Vs. Soul : GodExperiment Vs. ExperienceLanguages are different, but there is no need for conflict. Both are complimentary – SamanvayaScience without religion is blind, religion without science is lame. If science is the motion, religion is the directionLook science with the eyes of religion and reverselyTrue religion should be free of fear, temptation and wrong methods
10Methodology Science Religion Observations Questions Hypothesis (Thinking)ExperimentsTheory/quantifications or PrinciplesPredictionProve/Disprove/modifyTHEORY: ApplicationsMore Q’s… pyramid builds up ..unending pursuit….TOEObservationsQuestionsSpiritual PracticesMeditationEnlightenmentPrinciplesPathPracticeMoksha/ Nirvan:The goal is achieved
11I am proud of science : Limitation : Laboratory based : Iceberg Science – knowledge is still evolving e.g. plantsIt changes every time with change in evidenceOur senses have limitations. Also dimension theorySeveral parallel worldsReligion has absolute truth : Shashwat : Faith boundThe Problems in understanding TextsProblem in decoding versesWords have changed meaningTranslator’s or scriptwriter’s errors, language, memory, timeMissing of Texts.Poor understandingby science.Knowledge-evidence based- is evolving.e.g. Plant kingdom.
15Tatwarthadhigam Sutra The 1st ever written complete text book of science……(also in samaysaar, niyamsaar and pravachansaar)Samyag Darshan Gyan Charitrani Mokshamargah:- Purpose & essence of Tatwarthadhigam sutra is Mokshathrough ratnatraya- To achieve moksha, one must know the dravya,tatva & the causation of karmabandh. Thento understand the way of liberation. Hence,we have to study physics, biology, astronomy,types of knowledge,characteristics of soul,matter,time and space, stages of evolution of soul.As if Science and Religion is one and inseparable
16Tatvarthsutra 1st complete book of science of mankind Categories of TruthNature of the soulThe lower & middle regions (Astronomy)The Gods (Devas)Substances (Dravya)Inflow of Karma (Ashrava)The vowsThe Karmic BondageInhibiting & wearing off Karma (Samvar, Nirjara)Liberation (Moksha)
18Atomic Science Tatwarth Sutra : P.P.Umaswatiji : 1st Century Anavah skandhas cha- Matter has two varieties : 5/25atoms & clusters.Samghata-bhedebhya- - Clusters are produced by 5/26utpadyante fission, fusion or both.Bhedad anuh Atom is the final product 5/27of fission-disintegration.Atom indivisible unit.
19Atomic Science Bheda-samghatabhyam caksusah - 5/28 The visibility of clusters is produced by thecombination of disintegration & reintegration.Utpada-vyaya-dhrauvyayuktam sat /29Origin, cessation & persistence constitute existence.Tadbhavavyayam nityam /30What remains as it is : eternal : Universal
20Atomic ScienceSnigdha-ruksatvad bandhah – Atomic 5/32 integration is due to their positive &negative charge ( tactile qualities ofviscosity & dryness )
21Atomic ScienceNa jaghanyagunanam - There cannot be integration of atoms (and clusters) that possess the minimum one degree of difference (viscosity or dryness) 5/33Gunasamye sadrasanam - Atoms with similar(same degree of) charges cannot integrate. 5/34
22Subatomic ParticlesDescription of subatomic particles is mind-boggling. 4 different types of qualities of atoms have been described ( Sheet-snigdha, Sheet-ruksha, Ushna-snigdha, Ushna-ruksha)Two types of matter (a) with charge (b) without charge (Photon, Graviton, Gluon)Dravya naya: Total Quantity of Atoms is Constant Paryaya naya : ChangeableDivisions & Subdivisions of Atoms are PlentySmall & Big, Cause & Effect Atoms , Dravya & Bhava Atoms, Atoms carrying Touch,Smell,Vision etc. Qualities.
23Atomic Science Aren’t you Surprised ? KEWALGYANA Here, formation of matter, concept of universal matter, atomic fusion, integration & disintegration of matter,constancy & transformability of objects - all high principles of atomic science-physics are discussed. The concepts of subatomic particles are even mind boggling.Aren’t you Surprised ?KEWALGYANA
24Applied Physics Ajivakaya dharmadharma kasa pudgalah : 5/1 Dravyani jivas cha : 5/2 kalaschetyeke : 5/38Media of dharma (motion) & adharma (inertia-rest), space, matter and souls are Dravyas (substances). Time is also a substance according to some preachers.
25Adharmastikaya All that we see in universe is 4% matter 1% dark matter 75% dark energy – is it Adharmastikayaor is it supporting the inertia as against Dharmastikaya which supports motion
26Applied PhysicsVartana parinamah kriya paratva - paratve cha kalasya : /22The functions of time are :Becoming ( Inspiring ), change, motion & sequence.Research areaTime in physics : several, but not related (six)Absolute time, astronomical time, change etc.
27Applied Physics Sarira-van-manah-prana-panah pudgalanam : 5/19 * Matter functions as the material causeof body, speech, mind & breath.Sukha-dukha-jivita-maranopagrahas cha : 5/20* The production of pleasure, pain, life& death is also due to matter (chemical properties).Research area
29Psychology Mati : Smruti : Sangya chintaabhinibodh ityanarthantaram Mati (knowledge about existing thing), memory, recall, thinking process and conclusion is matigyana. And this is the function of senses and mind.Thoughtfulness & perception, discrimination between good& bad, useful & harmful are all functions of mind.Mind has two aspects : ) Physical2) Psychic mindScience does not know about Dravyamana & Bhavamana so far. However, if we take mind as interface between the consciousness and intellect, then we can explain.
30Intellectuals have both minds Intellectuals have both minds. Only psychic mind doesn’t help in the thought process.Sangninah samanaska : 2/25The higher developed the mind, the animal will be more intelligent.(Devas,Narakas,Garbhaj (womb) human & Garbhaj animals have higher mind.)Concept of psychotherapy and psychic treatment.
31Biology Classification of living beings Ekendriya, Beyindriya …. PanchendriyaTras, sthaavarConcept of Pratyek and SadharanNigodSammurchhim jiva
32Plant KingdomThey have leshya, kashaya, instincts and feelings (perceptions).Leshya : Colourful plants : Nilleshyathorns, bad smells : Kapot(2) Kashaya : Carrots, potato : Lobha : accumulationColoured plants : MayaEating food can change our thought process(3) Instincts : Ahaar, fear, accumulationand reproduction.(4) Samvedana (feelings): Dr.Jagdishchandra Bose : Pain : Shame – Lajamani: Mr.T.N.Singh : Effect of music on plants: Dr.Bexter : Trees keep watch even on spiders
33Applied Biology Upayogo lakshanam : 2/8 Sentinence is the defining characteristic of the soul. Constant awareness, consciousness & application of knowledge is upayoga.DravyasangrahaThe one that survives, applies knowledge, does not disintegrate (does not die), is Karta and is equal to the proportion of body is called Jeeva.Parasparopagraho Jivanam : 5/21The function of the soul is to render services –usefulness - to one another.Each soul is entangled with all the rest in theuniverse. We are influenced by the rest (Non-violence).
34MACH’s PrincipleThe inertial mass of a particle is a result of the “interaction” of mass of other bodies in the rest of the universeExtending it to lifeLife: Life of even the smallest being is a result of “interaction” of life in the rest of the universe.“No one can survive by himself” That is if I destroy all life for this earth, I will automatically cease to exist. So when I destroy any life, I also destroy a part of myself.This immediately leads to the principle of non-violence
35We are all entangled Entanglement: EPR paradox Whatever happened to one particle would thus immediately affect the other particle, wherever in the universe it may be.Einstein called this "Spooky action at a distance."
36Dharma Dharma has many meanings True nature The Path Is there an absolute Dharma (Path) which the nature has shown usThe answer is yesLive and Let LiveNon Violence
37Anushreni Gatihi : 2/27 Avigraha Jivasya : 2/28 The movement of souls (as well as matter) is in straight line (unless there is an external force.)The liberated soul moves straight.
38Classification of substance (Dravya). Classification of matter.Classification of Jiva (Soul).Unit of space (pradesh), unit of time (samaya) and unit of matter (anu) : are unique to Jainism.
39Astronomy Description of Earth : Bharat & Airawat. Other lokas : Interpretation problems.Life in earth,water,fire,air & plant : Mobile & immobile (Jagdishchandra).Recent notes : air is having living beings & life.
40The eternal truth of Tripadi. Matter (and objects) have always dual virtue :eternity (dravya) & nonversatility (paryaya) both at the same time.Quantum physics and anekantvadaMatter has its own space.Space contains matter.If matter is zero, then space is zero.
41Karmavada is the heart of Jain darshan &Anekant-Syadvada is the brain of Jain darshan.Karmavada has some relevance with genetic coding also. Also it explains principle of causality of physics. Karmic bonds are atomic, is a unique theory.Research area
42MathematicsScience cannot progress without maths. Maths is above all sciences, as there is no provision for conflict or ambiguity.Mahaviracharya 9th CenturyGanitsaar sangraha : 9 chaptersAlgebra, Geometry and ArithmaticsSquare root, Cube root, Time, Interest, FractionsJoytishpatal : Not available at presentSwayambhuv, Adinath, Devnandi, etc.Fractions in Jain Literature : SuryapragnaptiFractions in Tatvartha sutra (Ch.III – Bhashya)
43Domains of Science and Jain Scriptures Subjects common to science and Jain scriptures:Astronomy: Surya Pragyapti, Chandra Pragyapti, Geography (3rd chapter of Tattavartha Sutra: primitive, Nature of physical Universe (T.S.Chapter 5: jiva/Ajiva, Energy, forces etc) can be tested.Subjects exclusive to Jain DarshanAtma, Karma, Moksha etc have not (yet) come under purview of scienceOperative Principles: some may be common to spiritual and physical domainsJainismNon-violence, Anekantavad, Saptabhangi, Dharma, Karma theory Krambaddha-ParyayPhysicsQuantum mechanics, Causality, Entanglement, Determinism,Mach’s Principle, EvolutionBiology……plant life, invisible forms
44Common principles of science as embodied in Religion Reality : Physical realities - can be taken to laboratory, as Science is evidence based.Matter and EnergyEnergy Fields (Action at a distance)- Electricity, Magnetism and Light (EM Force)- Strong nuclear force- Weak Nuclear force (EM, weak force)- Gravitation forceSpace and Time• Jain darshan dwells on realities.1) Six Substances ( matter, time, space, motion / energy, inertia & jiva)2) Nine elements.
45Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 2) Pudgal : Purayati va Galayati va.- Matter changes forms, disintegrates & reintegrates.- But, the total mass remains constant.Tadbhavavyayam nityam /30- What remains as it is : eternal : Universal
46Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 3) Motion & Inertia : Dharmastikaya & Adharmastikaya.• They help motion or static property of Jiva &pudgala, just by their nature. That is theirfunction.
47Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 4) Quantum theory of Max Planck :Energy is radiated in quanta.Disintegration and reintegration is the nature of matter.Thus objects can disintegrate but can reintegrate elsewhere.Max Planck
48Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 5) Syadvad – Relativity Anekantvad - multifacednessJain syadvad is a conceptual thinking. It applies not only to matter which is visible, but everywhere. It is so perfectly designed-it can never be challenged. It accounts the other view points and different references.- Vyavhar satya- Nischaya satya.It also explains the relativity principle of matter, but is more philosophical. If understood & applied, worldly quarrels will stop forever.
49Laws of PhysicsLaws governing Macro world and micro-world are different: Classical (Whole= sum of the parts)Quantum (dual behavior of electron or photon)Some states in quantum world are indescribableWhat is called avyakta. Seven such states are possible: May be yes, May be No, May be both, may be indescribable, may be yes and indescribable, May be No and indescribable, May be both and indescribable (Saptabhangi)As we go to the world of finer and finer (sukshma ) particles, new properties (or attributes) come into play ( In science they are termed as quantum numbers or states) and all do not exist at once. Many of them could be contradictory properties. This is the basic nature of certain things(multifacedness = Anekantavad) .Thus I have argued that anekantavad is a physical reality
50Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 6) Telepathy + : ManahparyavGyan / ShrutGyan7) Television, Radio, Telefax : AvadhiGyan(space & time)8) Teleporting & Recent experiments : Aharak sharir.
51Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 9) Properties of sound : Anuyogadwara SutraMusic & its effect on body : MalkaunsMusic (sound) can affect health, mentalpeace, temperament and fate.• Chanting mantra (Alignment & Sound)• Science of yantra (shape & form withmomentum) 12th Drastiwad : 14 purva•
52Anuyogadwara Sutra, Samveda and Gandharvaveda Various modes of music mentioned in Ajitshanti stotra are useful as remedies.Malkauns & DeshanaAnuyogadwara Sutra, Samvedaand Gandharvaveda4/15/2017
53Bach’s “Air for the G String” This is the effect of Heavy Metal Music Mr. Emoto decided to see what effects music had upon the structure of water. He placed distilled water between two speakers for several hours while playing music and then photographed the crystals that formed after the water was frozen. The results of the effects of these two very different types of music speak for themselves.This is the effect ofBach’s “Air for the G String”This is the effect of Heavy Metal Music
54A Yantra is a graphic representation of the sound of Mantra
55Effect of sound - chanting Mr. Emoto decided to see how thoughts and words affected the formation of untreated, distilled water crystals by typing words onto paper and then taping them on glass bottles overnight.These are effects of the words “Love and Appreciation”These are the effects of “You make me sick. I will kill you!”
56Physiology in Jain Scriptures Various types of bone-joints which are called SAMGHAYANs, number of ribs, position and weight of various parts representing Anatomy of Human body are discussed.There are also some references about embryology in Tandulveyaliya payanna.Reproductive systems and the abilities of men and women are also described in literature.
57Jain tenets and practices Science behindJain tenets and practices
58THE ACT WHICH LINKS TO MOKSHA IS YOGA Samayik :- Samatvabhava - karmanirjara - way to liberationSamata towards living beings : No raga – dweshaSamata towards objects : No moha – shokaPratikraman• Samatva followed by meditation & Kayotsagrawith six requisites (Shad Avashyak)• Creates blissful state.• Presence of Gurudeva – so you arestress free, guilt free, disease free.This is followed by prayaschita and sadhana• Prayaschitta takes care of past tense• Vishuddhi takes care of present tense• Vishalya takes care of future tense
61Meditation Jaindhyana Dharmadhyana & shukladhyana…excellent remedy for all types of health.Jain religion is Bhavadharma,so meditation is of utmost importance.Several types of meditations.Samayik & kayotsarga are super meditations.Kayotsarga takes care of asana and pratyahaar.Preksha, vipashyana, granthibheda and atmadhyana.
62What is meditation ?Exercise of mind to keep it healthy and clean, as we do for body.A state of altered consciousness.Fourth stage of consciousness.Spiritual ecstasy with neurological manifestation.Not really a Hallucination
63Spirituality Philosophy Devotion Karmayoga Charity RELIGION Character RitualsMoralityCharacterCharityRELIGIONKarmayogaDevotionPhilosophyMeditationSpirituality
64Meditation techniques Focus on BreathingFocus on an objectFocus on a soundFocus on a thoughtFocus on sensual objectFocus on sensory perceptionImagerySoul meditation
65Meditation-Techniques Vipashyana : To see –To observe ( Buddha)- Breathing- Thoughts- Body and perception of sensationsPrekshadhyana : To see –To observe( Jain)- Breathing (Shwas-Preksha)- Thoughts (Vichar-Preksha)- Body (Sharir-Preksha)- Mind (Anupreksha)- Leshyadhyana etc
66Effect of meditating music BETA: Alert/Working waves per secondALPHA: Relaxed/Reflecting 8-13 waves per secondTHETA: Drowsy/Meditating 4-7 waves per secondDELTA: Sleep/Dreaming 3-4 waves per secondDELTA: Deep & Dreamless Sleep .5-2 waves per sec
67SPECT Images at Baseline and During Meditation Prefrontal CortexPrefrontal CortexBaselineMeditation
68SPECT Images at Baseline and During Meditation SuperiorParietal LobeSuperiorParietal Lobe
69Summary of SPECT findings Increase rCBF in frontal area and shut down of OAA in parietal area is the key finding.This is not hallucination.All Meditators have same findings.
71Section III : Ahaarvigyan Purity of Food is necessary for Purity of SoulThe philosophy of food : Quantitative & Qualitative (satva,Rajas,Tamas)Modern science has confined at determining the caloric values and its classification into vitamins, proteins and carbohydrate content.The jain school of thought has gone deep into subtler properties of various types of food items and deal with its psychic as well as physical effects.
72Types of Ahaar Prakshepahar Ojahar Lomahar habits& mixing(c) Boiling & filtering water(d) Life of Different food items : Flour (3,5,7)Vigai is a Rajsik food, while Mahavigai is a Tamsik food so every one should abstain form Mahavigai. Science of Tithi
73Long before existence of microscopic life was shown and plants were considered to be living by modern science, these facts were well established in jain philosophy and formed the foundations of complex practice as a corollary of nonviolence, which is the basic tenet of Jainism.That is why there is severe restriction on Ratribhojan and drinking water without boiling. Also to avoid Kandmul like potato and similar anantkaya plants.
74Ratribhojan – Terrible sin Physiologically at night : Slow metabolism,Decreased activityIndigestion.Absence of sun light : Excess of organisms.Sunlight can kill them and control pollution.Rule of 48 minutes (for sheet yoni microscopic jiva).Best digestion is at the middle of the day.Ayurveda preaches this for positive health purposes.Allopathy for metabolic purposes.Rajnishji for celebacy
75AusteritiesTo use very limited items and with caution, is a practice of non violence. Collectiveness and overutilization is violenceBiyasana : Disciplined eating habits. No junk. Boiled water. No food & water after sunset.Ekasana : Rest to body so next day stronger. Avoid abhakshya, anatkaya & apathya food, so no perversions. Only eat moderate amount and satvik food.Ayambil : Dry : Avoid vigai. So control of pitta & cough. No spices. Control over tongue, therefore all other senses. Auli to be done twice a year at Sandhikaal.Fast : 36 hours (a) Tivihaar (b) Chauvihar.
76TithivigyanTithivigyan : uplift of individual soul and welfare of all living beings are central themes of jain religion.Avoid lilotaries on twelve tithis, auli days and paryushana.According to lord mahavir, the fate of next birth is created as per the deeds done during these days. So do more religious activities and avoid sachitta.Scientifically it helps in balancing PH & water element during these days (as per lunar cycles).
77Vigai - Mahavigai Vigai : Perversion. Mahavigai : Worst perversion. The food objects which change the natural tendencies of body, mind and soul and pervert them are vigai.Vigai : 6 : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jaggary – sugar, fried items & sweet objects.Mahavigai : 4 : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-fish, alcoholNon-veg : SaprophytesAlcohol : Pramad, Chitnash etc 16 doshas.Honey : To obtain it we have to kill many bees.
79Section IV : MEDICAL SCIENCES (LIFE SCIENCES) TOTAL HEALTH SCIENCE Positive health gainingandprevention & treatmentofmajor diseasesbyJAIN RELIGION
80References of life sciences : how to live, how to avoid diseases and how to cure diseases and create positive health and long life; are available in jain agams.UttaradhyanaBrihadvritipatraVipak sutraAcharangSukhbodh patraAudh NiryuktiSthanang sutraTherapeuticsRasayan vidyaDoctor and therapyDisease descriptionTherapyCausation of diseaseRef : Acharaya Rajkumar Jain
81Purification of mind – Purification of Body Prevention of heart disease, stroke, cancer & lifestyle diseases and creating positive healthPurification of mind – Purification of BodyRituals and six avashyak (Samayik & Pratikraman)Padayatra : ExerciseAusteritiesPenance : TapasAhaarvigyan : Ayambil etc. Boiled waterAvoiding ratribhojan (Research)Vigai : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jeggary, fried objects, sweets. Mahavigai : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-non veg., alcohol.Tithivigyan : Religious, scientific, healthy way (ayurveda)Attitude, positive thoughts : Avoid four KashayaMeditation and kayostargaNamaskar Mantra chanting
83Preventing & treating other diseases Prevention & treatment of :-• GI diseases• Mental illness• Neurological illness• CancerPositive health & long lifeWe at National Jain Doctors’ Federation, did 4 major conferences and discussed the subjects and I, as the chairman of NJDF India, appeal to you to do extensive research as you have better facilities.The other project, we have launched is SHRAMAN - AROGYAM
84For stress relief philosophical concept of Jainism, food types, austerity, penance and meditation are useful for all men and womenMeditation is one of the Abhyantar penance through which one could be relieved from stress, the miseries and karmic bondage.
86Sutra Navkar mantra. Annath Vanditu Tijaypahutta…. • We should know their meanings, then onlywe can add Bhava. Literal chanting doeshelp, but with knowledge it becomes 100times more powerful.
8716 Bhavanas12 Bhavanas will relieve all ragas, dweshas and will be important for liberation of soul.4 Bhavanas are important guidelines for interpersonal relationship which will create mental peace and stop worldly quarrels.
89Allied Sciences Ecology ( Ahimsa,Aparigriha,Maitri ) Economy ( Lord Adinath : Asi, Masi, Krushi,Vidya,Vanijya & Shilpa )Cosmology (Loka)AstrologyMetallergyChemistryWith evolution of Science, some religious beliefs have been disreputed however Jainism is rising due to its strong scientific basis
90Karmic theory and Genome project. The subjects requiring further research.Disease prevention by jain attitude and life styleThree types of Ahaar : (Siddhasen Diwakarji)1) Ojahar 2) Lomahar 3) Prakshepahar.(Kawal, Drugs, Intravenous ) etc.Karmic theory and Genome project.The concept of autonomous human birth and the cloning of same kind of organisms.
91Aura is directly related with Leshyas. Colors of Leshyas mention the colors of AuraKrishna, Neela and Kapota leshyas are harmful to health, while Tejo, padma and Shukla leshyas are useful for health.Leshyas and colors of Aura denote the health of man and woman
92References & Suggested Readings Tatvarthsutra - P.Shri UmaswatijiSamaysaar P.Shri.Kundkundacharya2. Bhagavatisutra.3. Sutrakrutang.Acharang sutra : for psychology.Anuyogdwar sutra : for music etc.Dashvikalik sutra.
93References & Suggested Readings Other Agams & Sutra.Guideline of Jainism : BhadrabahuvijayVigyan & Adhyatma :-Pujya Amrendravijayji.Cosmology old & new-Prof.JainScientific secrets of Jainism- P.Shri Nandigoshvijayji.Science and spirituality – P.Shri Chandrashekar VijayjiDravya Sangraha
94References & Suggested Readings Articles by several Experts and ScientistsDr.Narendra Bhandari (ISRO, Ahmedabad)Dr.Anilkumar Jain (Ahmedabad)Dr.Ashokkumar Jain (Gwalior)Acharya Shri Kanaknandiji maharajDr.L.C.Jain (Jabalpur)Dr.Parasmal Agarwal (Udaipur)Dr.Prakashchandra Jain (Sagar)Dr.Rajmal Jain (Ahmedabad)Dr.R.C.Jain (Ujjain)Dr.P.C.Jain (Sagar)Dr.Jitubhai Shah (Ahmedabad)
95My message Samyaka Darshan – Absolute faith in Jinwani Daily Swadhyaya - Reading scripturesReligion requires to be presented in the context of scienceDo researchSpread the knowledge and Darshan for global welfare, as science needs direction
100Dharma Dharma has many meanings True nature The Path Is there an absolute Dharma (Path) which the nature has shown usThe answer is yesLive and Let LiveNon Violence
101History of Life Earth is 4.5 billion years old Life appeared at 3.5 billion years agoHumans
102The Nature’s PathLife has evolved from unicellular to multi cellular insectstrees….mammals………..Humans..New species with higher level of consciousness replace the olderspecies with lower level of consciousness, sometimes gradually and sometimes suddenly.History of life is the evolution of consciousness.The scriptures talk about higher levels of gyan (or consciousness).Some day Man will be replaced by a species of higher conscious level”. This is the direction in which Nature is moving. This is the Path.“If we help nature in pursuing that path, it isDharma; if our action is against it, it is Adharma.”Who knows the next level of consciousness will evolve from which species. So if we destroy any of the life bearing species, we hinderthe nature in its goal. it is adharma.
103Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 6) Syadvada & Theory of Relativity :• General theory of relativity & special theoryof relativity.• These apply to the visible universe only andare entirely on fixed suppositions, where themotion of light is considered fixed & ratherabsolute for a reference.• But, there are problems. Particles arediscovered faster than light (tachyon).• According to Jain religion paramanu can bepropagated faster than light ( ShriBhagavatisutra).
104Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 7) Matter & atoms : Science deals with matter & atoms.• Movement & forms of atom have been largelystudied in Jainism. Even the mind & thoughtprocess is atomic.• Atom has enormous energy & matter has severalproperties right from, material cause of body,speech, mind & breath to perceptions of pleasure,pain & existence of life & achieving death.
108Allied Sciences Are you aware ? Maths – The numericals, infinity, log tablesand scales.Karmic theory and Genome project.The concept of autonomous human birth and the cloning of same kind of organisms.
109Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 3) Entropy : The second law of thermodynamics.• Anything that is borne, starts travelling towardsits end. Any object is always moving towardsits end.• Movement is duration.Duration means time.• Duration of object is movement of object intime. This is the function of time.(vide 5/22)• Exactly same principle is in Jainism.
110Physics Matter and Energy Energy Fields (Action at a distance) - Electricity, Magnetism and Light (EM Force)- Strong nuclear force- Weak Nuclear force (EM, weak force)- Gravitation forceSpace and Time
111The Material Universe The universe can be built With 61 sub atomic particles
112Numbers of Particles Three generations of particles Ist generation: 2quarks (Down and Up)+electron and its neutrinoIInd generation: 2 quarks (strange and Charm) + mu meson and neutrinoIII generation: 2 quarks (Bottom and Top)+Tau meson and its neutrino
113Basic Particles6 quarks x 3colors each = 18and their antiparticles = 18Gluons = 86 leptons and their antiparticles = 124 carriers of electromganetic forces = 4Graviton: carrier of force of gravity = ( predicted but not yet discovered)Total building blocks of matter = 61
114Dual Behavior of Electrons / Photons Particle-LikeWave-Like
115Austerities Fast : 36 hours (a) Tivihaar (b) Chauvihar. Purpose : (a) sublimation & purification of soul(b) self control(c) purification of body1-2 / month to upto days.Thus spiritual + physical advantages (Health & scientific purpose).
116Definition of LifeLife is a condition that distinguishes organisms from inorganic objects, i.e. non-life, and dead organisms, being manifested by growth through metabolism, reproduction, and the power of adaptation to environment through changes originating internally. In physical terms, life is an organism that feeds on negative entropy. In more detail, according to physicists such as John Bernal, Erwin Schrodinger, Wigner, and John Avery, life is a member of the class of phenomena which are open or continuous systems able to decrease their internal entropy at the expense of substances or free energy taken in from the environment and subsequently rejected in a degraded form (see: entropy and life).
117Definition of LifeHomeostasis: Regulation of the internal environment to maintain a constant state; for example, sweating to reduce temperature.Organization: Being composed of one or more cells, which are the basic units of life.Metabolism: Consumption of energy by converting nonliving material into cellular components (anabolism) and decomposing organic matter (catabolism). Living things require energy to maintain internal organization (homeostasis) and to produce the other phenomena associated with life.Growth: Maintenance of a higher rate of synthesis than catalysis. A growing organism increases in size in all of its parts, rather than simply accumulating matter. The particular species begins to multiply and expand as the evolution continues to flourish.Adaptation: The ability to change over a period of time in response to the environment. This ability is fundamental to the process of evolution and is determined by the organism's heredity as well as the composition of metabolized substances, and external factors present.Response to stimuli: A response can take many forms, from the contraction of a unicellular organism when touched to complex reactions involving all the senses of higher animals. A response is often expressed by motion, for example, the leaves of a plant turning toward the sun or an animal chasing its prey.Reproduction: The ability to produce new organisms. Reproduction can be the division of one cell to form two new cells. Usually the term is applied to the production of a new individual (either asexually, from a single parent organism, or sexually, from at least two differing parent organisms), although strictly speaking it also describes the production of new cells in the process of growth.
118Definition of LifeLiving things are systems that tend to respond to changes in their environment, and inside themselves, in such a way as to promote their own continuation.Life is a characteristic of self-organizing, cannibalistic systems consisting of a population of replicators that are capable of mutation, around most of which homeostatic, metabolizing organisms evolve. This definition does not include flames, but does include worker ants, viruses and mules. Self reproduction and energy consumption is only one means for a system to promote its own continuation. This explains why bees can be alive and yet commit suicide in defending their hive. In this case the whole colony works as such a living system.Type of organization of matter producing various interacting forms of variable complexity, whose main property is to replicate almost perfectly by using matter and energy available in their environment to which they may adapt. In this definition "almost perfectly" relates to mutations happening during replication of organisms that may have adaptative benefits.Life is a potentially self-perpetuating open system of linked organic reactions, catalyzed simultaneously and almost isothermally by complex chemicals (enzymes) that are themselved produced by the open system.