2MeningitisMeningitis is the inflammation of the meninges on the outer layer of the brain and spinal cord
3Background Information Joseph Gebhardt, 32, 5’6” and 164lbs has been waking up with severe headaches, joint pain and has been having sensitivity to light. His wife Sara had recently had meningitis and Joseph had been cleaning up her vomit and had unknowingly gotten some of her vomit on his hand and then went to itch his nose.
4Symptoms General poor feeling Sudden high fever Severe, persistent headacheNeck stiffnessNausea or vomitingDiscomfort in bright lightsDrowsiness or difficulty wakingJoint pain
5Affected Regions It affects the brain and spinal chord The bloodstream is affectedThe sinusesEarsUpper respiratory tract
6Diagnosis Tests Blood Cultures Imaging Spinal Tap Blood drawn to check for bacteriaImagingCT scans of head, chest, and sinusSpinal TapAnalysis of cerebrospinal fluid for a low blood sugar and increased white blood cell count
7Treatments Mild cases Oxygen Therapy Supportive Care Stay home and hydrationMedicine for pain and feverGeneral antibiotics and steroidsMedicines that reduce feverOxygen TherapySupportive CareHospitalized for IVClose watch by doctors
8Prognosis Bacterial Meningitis Viral Meningitis Serious neurological damage to bodyDeath within hoursViral MeningitisLess likely to have permanent brain damageMore likely to make full recovery
9Communication ErrorError in the communication in the neurons between Broca and Wernicke’s area leads to a disturbance in speech productionThe inflammation of the temporallobe leads to a loss of hearing
10Medical Professionals Infectious Disease SpecialistSpecialize in the diagnosis and treatment of complex infectionsTreat patients with chronic infection or disordersEducation: 4 years of medical school, 3 years of doctor training and 10 years of training in order to practiceAssist doctor in diagnosis and treatmentLaboratory TechnicianThey test the spinal tissue and fluid to look for bacteriaEducation: Associate’s degree in medical technology, licensing and certification
11EtiologyCausesInflammation of protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cordInfection of fluid surrounding spinal cordPhysical injuryDrugsCancerous tumorsParasites
12Conclusion QuestionsThe disease you investigated involved a problem in the nervous system. Explain how other body systems were affected by this error:The skeletal system is affected in that meningitis causes bone and joint damage which limits mobility.The circulatory system is affected in that the bacteria in your blood can release toxins and while your blood pressure rises and falls, the blood vessels may be damaged.
13Conclusion QuestionsBrainstorm and describe at least two types of medical interventions that may help your patient:Corticosteroids relieve inflammation and pressure in the brainOxygen therapy is used to increase the amount of oxygen in the blood which is found to be lower in patients with meningitis
14Conclusion QuestionsExplain why even when their bodies seem to be failing, people with ALS have all of their mental functions and senses intact:ALS affects the motor neurons of the body which are responsible for muscle movement and sensory neurons are not affected which are responsible for transmitting information from the senses.
15BibliographyMeningitis. (2014, April 1). Retrieved November 7, 2014, fromWhat Is Meningitis? Bacterial, Viral, and Fungal Meningitis Causes. (2014, March 17). Retrieved November 7, 2014, from