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8-10% OF THE AP EXAM AN INTRO TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND BEHAVIOR Biological Bases of Behavior.

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Presentation on theme: "8-10% OF THE AP EXAM AN INTRO TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND BEHAVIOR Biological Bases of Behavior."— Presentation transcript:

1 8-10% OF THE AP EXAM AN INTRO TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND BEHAVIOR Biological Bases of Behavior

2 The Brain Is there anything you do in a 24 hour period, which is not related to operations in your brain? Intro to Biopsychology to-biological-psychology.html#lesson Pinky and The Brain ature=em-share_video_user

3 Key Structures of the Brain Make 4 Colum's Titled: Structure, Function, Location, Damage Wernicke’s Area  Temporal/parietal lobe (left side)  Center for understanding language  Damage = may result in losing ability to understand speech or parts of it. Ex: may be able to understand nouns and verbs, but not prepositions. Broca’s Area  Frontal lobe (left side)  Center for expressing language  Damage = loss of speech or inability to say what is intended

4 Key Structures, con’t Thalamus  Forebrain  Sends sensory and motor messages to other parts of brain  Damage = may result in sensory experiences not being sent to other areas of brain to be recorded as memories Cerebellum  Hindbran  Controls walking, balance, coordination  Damage = ability to walk smoothly or coordinate sight with action

5 Key Structures, con’t Auditory Cortex  Temporal lobe  Center for hearing  Damage = sensations from ear recv’d by brain but may not be interpreted ‘ “perceptive deafness” Primary visual cortex  Occipital lobe  Reconstruct  Damage = signals sent from eye may not be coded into recognizable images

6 Key Structures, con’t Hypothalamus  Between thalamus and pituitary gland  Regulates emotions, hunger & thirst  Damage = may result in eating disorders (either over-eating or under-eating) Pituitary gland  Beneath hypothalamus  Controls body’s endocrine system  Damage = may affect growth, metabolism and sex drive

7 Key Structures, con’t Cerebral Cortex  Forebrain  Center for info processing, rational thought, decision making  Damage = reasoning abilities may be altered = may react more emotionally Medulla  Hindbrain  Regulates vital involuntary functions like breathing & blood flow  Damage = severe damage could result in death

8 About The Brain Video Resources Phineas Gage Parts of the brain of-the-brain.html#lesson Genes To Cognition 3 D Brain The Brain: Understanding Neurobiology ddiction/activities/lesson1_brainparts.htm


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