Presentation on theme: "By: Abel De la Trinidad. Lobes of the brain The average human brain weights about 1,4oo grams (3lb) Dived down the middle lengthwise into two halves called."— Presentation transcript:
Lobes of the brain The average human brain weights about 1,4oo grams (3lb) Dived down the middle lengthwise into two halves called the cerebral hemispheres Each cerebral hemisphere is divided into the FOUR lobes.
The four lobes Frontal lobe Temporal lobe Occipital lobe Parietal lobe
Frontal lobe The frontal lobes are one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. The frontal lobe is located in front of the central sulcus of the brain. Its also aware if its prefrontal formation that is made within the its process
What it does? The prefrontal cortex is responsible for personality expression and the planning of complex cognitive behaviors They are positioned at the front most region of the cerebral cortex and are involved in movement, decision-making, problem solving, and planning.
damage frontal function”, as the frontal lobes represent the largest part of the brain. Damage to the these lobes has potential to impact wide ranging aspects of cognition and behavioral. Damage happens as a result of trauma as, in addition to whatever identifiable specific focal injury may occur
Temporal lobe The temporal lobes process emotions, fight-or-flight reactions, and are important for short-term memory Some symptoms of a temporal lobe seizure may be related to these functions having odd feelings s uch as euphoria, fear, panic.
The function During a temporal lobe seizure, you may remain partially conscious You also may make repetitive movements of your lips and hands. temporal lobe seizure is more intense, you may be unresponsive. located in front of the occipital lobe and containing the sensory center of hearing in the brain.
Causes of damages Damage to the temporal lobe most often occurs as a result of vehicle crashes. When damage occurs to these areas of the brain, patients may experience disturbance of auditory sensation and perception. An inability to pay attention to what they see or hear, impaired ability to comprehend language.
Occipital lobe The occipital lobe is the visual processing center of the brain containing most of the anatomical region of the visual cortex. The occipital lobe is important to being able to correctly understand what your eyes are seeing. The occipital lobe makes sense of visual information so that we are able to understand it
About it the most posterior lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, Located behind the parietal and temporal lobes The rearmost lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, containing the main visual centers of the brain
Injuries that can happen… If occipital lobe is damaged, it can cause hallucinations and illusions through your eyes. Objects may appear either smaller or larger to you You may be unable to detect certain movements of objects. Words become blurry and unreadable when your occipital lobe is damaged.
Parietal lobe The parietal lobes can be divided into two functional regions The first function integrates sensory information to form a single perception The second function constructs a spatial coordinate system to represent the world around us Damage to the right parietal lobe can result in neglecting part of the body
What is it?? The parietal lobe is a part of the brain positioned above (superior to) the occipital lobe and behind (posterior to) the frontal lobe. Its located below the central sulcus.
injury A parietal lobe injury can affect both sensory function and perception, with the precise symptoms varying greatly depending on the extent of the brain damage as well as the type of injury sustained loss of coordination and an inability to process sensory information the patient may be partially or completely unaware of his own body