We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byIsabella Annabel Webster
Modified about 1 year ago
© West Educational Publishing 500 pound gorilla vs. 150 pound human
© West Educational Publishing How much do each of their brains weigh?
© West Educational Publishing Gorilla’s Brain = 1 pound Human’s Brain = 3 pounds
© West Educational Publishing Brain to Body Ratio 1:500 Brain to Body Ratio 3:150 If the human brain were of the same ratio as the gorilla’s, our brain would only weigh 5 ounces!
© West Educational Publishing OBJECTIVES: ● List consequences that can occur if the frontal lobe is damaged. ● Discover how verbal tasks interfere with right-handed motor skills – results of the Kinsbourne & Cook study (1971) ● Describe condition known as agnosia. ● Identify which parts of the brain were activated while viewing a video clip.
© West Educational Publishing Temporal Lobe “Hearing” Demonstration (Humming the Star Spangled Banner)
© West Educational Publishing FRONTAL LOBE CORE OF THE PERSONALITY
© West Educational Publishing FRONTAL LOBE If damaged, here’s a likely list of consequences: Inappropriate emotions Socially unacceptable behaviors (usually meaning fewer inhibitions) Inability to make long-range plans Easily distracted Difficulty integrating facts
© West Educational Publishing FRONTAL LOBE Example of a person with frontal lobe damage: He/she goes into the bedroom to make the bed, becomes distracted by the wallpaper, which he/she decides need to be changed, and rips it down!
© West Educational Publishing Hemisphere Dominance Demonstration
© West Educational Publishing Kinsbourne & Cook Study - 1971 Subjects completed a verbal task while balancing a wooden rod on either the left or the right finger. Subjects were able to balance the rod longer on their left finger than on their right. Apparently, a verbal task (left-hemisphere skill) interferes with a right-handed motor skill (a left-hemisphere motor-strip task).
© West Educational Publishing Imagine gazing at a running shoe, taking in the laces and the color of the stripes, drawing the shoe on a big piece of paper with crayons, yet not being able to identify the object as a shoe…
© West Educational Publishing AGNOSIA…. AKA: Mindblindness - Results from brain injury
© West Educational Publishing If a person with agnosia is able to feel the object (however), he/she can then name the object without hesitation. Several senses need to be stimulated in order for a whole picture to develop. Some people develop facial agnosia, where they may not be able to identify their own family members until they hear their voices.
© West Educational Publishing OBJECTIVES: ● Describe what the Broca’s area is and results if the area is damaged. ● Discover which of your motor strips is dominant. ● Describe the Mozart effect. ● Name/list famous left-handed people. ● Describe what split brain is & how it affects a person with a split brain.. ● Discover how to utilize both sides of the brain while taking notes.
© West Educational Publishing Broca’s Area Wernicke’s Area
© West Educational Publishing Question: If both a woman and a man have a stroke that damages this area (Broca’s area), who is more likely to recover?
© West Educational Publishing Question: If both a woman and a man have a stroke that damages this area (Broca’s area), who is more likely to recover? Brain imaging techniques reveal that many women process speech and language in both hemispheres, so a woman is much more likely to recover her verbal skills.
© West Educational Publishing WERNICKE’S area is located in the left temporal lobe and is involved in the process of understanding (processing) words we hear spoken.
© West Educational Publishing Exploration – Motor Strip Dominance Make tallies under these categories: Left Right No Preference when I ask you the following questions……. (Go with what comes first/naturally.)
© West Educational Publishing Exploration – Motor Strip Dominance 1)Which hand do you write with? 2)Which hand holds scissors? 3)Which hand holds a hammer? 4)Which arm goes first into a jacket? 5)Which arm goes into the loop of a backpack/book bag first? 6)Which hand is on top when you clap? 7)Which hand deals out cards? 8)Which foot kicks a ball?
© West Educational Publishing
Tom Cruise David Archuleta & & Kasey Kahne
© West Educational Publishing In 1998, Governor Zell Miller of Georgia made sure every baby born in his state received an audiotape with classical music on it. A number of studies have show the positive effects music can have on the brain and this was one attempt at applying some of these findings.
© West Educational Publishing THE MOZART EFFECT Study done at the University of California at Irvine. Researchers found that listening to Mozart prior to completing a spatial task improved spatial reasoning.
© West Educational Publishing SPLIT BRAIN -David McNeil (@University of Chicago) -Left-Hemisphere seems to specialize in linguistic coding: Syntax & Grammar -Right-Hemisphere seems to specialize in imagery, which may be reflected through gestures. -During discourse, it’s common for split-brain patients to speak, pause, then gesture, then resume speaking again. -CONCLUSION: BOTH HEMISPHERES ARE INVOLVED IN LANGUAGE.
© West Educational Publishing SPLIT BRAIN – Story Problem Split-Brain Sam is blind-folded. With his LEFT hand, he picks up a bell. He feels it… He rings it…. He knows it’s a bell. Would he be able to SAY it is a bell?
© West Educational Publishing SPLIT BRAIN – Story Problem (Answer) Since he CAN HEAR it, since BOTH EARS hear the bell, both hemispheres also “hear” it, and the talking left-hemisphere would be able to say, “It’s a bell.” HOWEVER, if he just picked it up and did NOT ring it, Split-Brain Sam probably would NOT be able to verbalize that the object name is “bell.”
© West Educational Publishing Kent State (Front Campus)
© West Educational Publishing Kent State (Front Campus) HIPPOCAMPUS = MEMORIES
© West Educational Publishing
© West Educational Publishing 500 pound gorilla vs. 150 pound human.
Lateralization & The Split Brain and Cortical Localization of Language.
HEMISPHERES, SENSORY AND MOTOR CORTEXES, SPLIT BRAIN, PLASTICITY, ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Chapter 2.
THE BRAIN: OUR CONTROL CENTER. Most left-brained people. The same hemisphere that contains most language functions also is usually more involved in logic,
Brain Lateralization One Brain or Two? Gazzaniga, M. S. (1967)
Biological Psychology – Module 4 The Split-Brain Phenomenon Synaptic Plasticity Intro Psych Feb 12-19, 2010 Classes #11-13.
Psych. DMA Please take out a piece of paper and complete the following: 1.Write down the vocabulary word and definition.2 2. Choose ONE of these options.
EQ: What is split brain? One Brain or Two?. BR: Read and annotate pg.81 and add to the diagram at the bottom Do you think you are more right or left brained?
Hemispheric Differences Module 8: The Brain. The Right Brain vs Left Brain test do you see the dancer turning clockwise or anti- clockwise? If clockwise,
Lateralization of the Brain: Hemispheric Specialization.
AP Exam Review Lectures Biological Approach
BRAIN HEMISPHERES. HOW ARE MY TWO HEMISPHERES CONNECTED? By the CORPUS CALLOSUM network of nerve fibers that relays information between the two hemispheres.
EQ: What is split brain? One Brain or Two?. BR: Read pg.81 and add to the diagram at the bottom Do you think you are more right or left brained? Why?
Language and the Brain Understanding how language is represented and processed in the brain.
Our Newer Brain “What makes us distinctively human mostly arises from the complex function of the cerebral cortex.” - David G. Myers.
INTRODUCTION TO THE BRAIN YEAR 10 SCIENCE. HTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=JUYB7NO0EYY.
1.REFLECTION QUESTIONS: Are you left-brained or right-brained? What does this mean? How do you know?
1. Why was Ms. Jensen worried about her son? 2. What is significant about teen’s frontal lobes? 3. What is the role of the frontal lobe? 4. What are some.
Hemispheric Specialisation The cognitive and behavioural functions of the right and left hemispheres The non-verbal vs verbal and analytical functions.
Hemispheric Specialisation Contribution of studies to the investigation of cognitive processes of the brain and implications for the understanding.
A cerebral hemisphere is defined as one of the two regions of the brain that are delineated by the body's median plane.
Specialization of Cerebral Hemisphere and Plasticity By: Chase Bartlett, Brittanie Butler, Bryan King, Beau Collett.
The most obvious difference between the human brain and the brain of a carp would be in the a. hypothalamus. b. thalamus. c. cerebellum. d.
Brain Lateralization Left Brain vs Right Brain. Corpus callosum Bridge between left and right hemispheres of the brain.
The Cerebral Cortex. Cerebral Cortex Cerebral Cortex – the interconnected neural cells that form the cerebral hemispheres This is the body’s ultimate.
General Psychology Matthew 5:5 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.
The Brain Module 08. Lower - Level Brain Structures brainstem: oldest, most basic part of brain medulla – controls life-support functions like breathing.
The Brain Frontal Lobe Contains: Prefrontal Cortex, Premotor area, & Motor area.
The Brain. Ways we Study the Brain Accidents Lesions CAT Scan PET Scan MRI Functional MRI.
Cerebral Cortex 2. Heteromodal Association Cortex Multimodal association cortical areas –Integration of sensory information for multiple modalities Most.
BIOLOGICAL BASES OF BEHAVIOR Chapter Which part of the brain is responsible for combining sounds into words and arranging words into meaningful.
B IOLOGY AND B EHAVIOR The Brain. O BJECTIVE Identify the major structures of the brain, and explain the functions of each structure.
The Brain By the end of the lesson you should be able to Describe the structure and function of the brain State the function and location of cerebrum,
Language and Brain. Is Language Situated in our Brain? Neurolinguistics is the study of how the brain processes language.
1 Neuroscience and Behavior Chapter 2. The Cerebral Cortex The intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres. It.
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes on pg. 25 Topic: 11.5: The Cerebrum Essential Question: 1.Explain the functions of the association areas. 2.1 Atoms, Ions,
The frontal lobe of the brain. By Josue Gonzalez Almanza.
Physiology and behavior: Localization of function Explain one study related to localization of function in the brain. Examine one interaction between cognition.
1 Neuroscience and Behavior Chapter 2 Sections
Language Aphasia is an impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca’s area (impaired speaking) or to Wernicke’s area.
The Brain Module 08. I. Lower-Level Structures Brainstem, Thalamus, and Cerebellum.
SPLIT-BRAIN SURGERY Elisa Janami. Background o The corpus callosum is the think band of about 200 million nerve fibres that connect the left and right.
PowerPoint® Presentation by Jim Foley © 2013 Worth Publishers The Biology of Mind.
Jeopardy damage emotions study languageGrab bag Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Final Jeopardy.
Explain one study related to localization of function in the brain.l Liz Hofman and Grant Scott.
Module 6: The Cerebral Cortex and Our Divided Brain.
What part of the brain is a relay station for sensory information? The thalamus.
Four lobes of the cerebral cortex FRONTAL LOBE OCCIPITAL LOBE TEMPORAL LOBE PARIETAL LOBE.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.