Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Principles of Memory Organization in the Monkey Medial Temporal Lobe Wendy A. Suzuki Center for Neural Science New York University.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Principles of Memory Organization in the Monkey Medial Temporal Lobe Wendy A. Suzuki Center for Neural Science New York University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Principles of Memory Organization in the Monkey Medial Temporal Lobe Wendy A. Suzuki Center for Neural Science New York University

2 24/25/32 Pi Ia Id Ig Frontal LobeTemporal LobeInsular Cortex Cingulate Gyrus Parietal Lobe V4 23/29/30 7a/LIP STSdSTG TE STSv TEO 11/ DG Sub HPC 30-60% 18-29% 5-17% <5% Entorhinal Parahippocampal Perirhinal Suzuki and Amaral, 1994

3 Take Home Message: All structures of the MTL appear to provide a similar complement of associative learning- related signals.

4 24/25/32 Pi Ia Id Ig Frontal LobeTemporal LobeInsular Cortex Cingulate Gyrus Parietal Lobe V4 23/29/30 7a/LIP STSdSTG TE STSv TEO 11/ DG Sub HPC 30-60% 18-29% 5-17% <5% Entorhinal Parahippocampal Perirhinal Suzuki and Amaral, 1994

5 Take Home Message: All structures of the MTL appear to provide a similar complement of associative learning-related signals. There appears to be a conditionally dynamic relationship between different MTL structures such that depending on task demands different MTL structure can either contribute in similar/cooperative ways or in more clearly distinct way to mnemonic functions.

6 Location-Scene Association Task Gaffan (1994), Murray and Wise (1996), Murray et. al., (1998) ++ + New Scenes (n = 2-4) Fixation/ Baseline (300 ms) Scene/Target Presentation (500 ms) Delay (700 ms) Eye Movement Response

7 Probability Correct Behavioral Learning Curve and Delay Activity Over Time to Scene 653 Response (Spikes/Sec ) Baseline Activity Trials C Wirth et al., 2003

8 Probability Correct Behavioral Learning Curve and Delay Activity Over Time to Scene 386 Response (Spikes/Sec ) Trials Wirth et al., 2003

9 2 Categories of Changing Cells A. Sustained Changing cells: 56% of all changing cells B. Baseline Sustained Changing cells: 44% of all changing cells

10 What about the Perirhinal cortex? Yanike et al., 2008, In press

11 Selective Hippocampus (n = 2 monkeys) 89/145 (61 %) Changing Cells 25/89 (28%) Sustained Baseline Sustained PR Cortex (n = 2 monkeys) 83/128 (65 %) 26/83 (31%) 8/26 (31%) 18/26 (69%) 14/25 (56%) 11/25 (44%)

12 Yanike et al., 2008, In press

13 Object-Place Association Task Wirth et al, 2009 Fixation 500ms Cue 500ms Delay 700ms Early 500ms Late 500ms Reward ITI 2000ms Bar Release Period Fixation 500ms Cue 500ms Delay 700ms Early 500ms Late 500ms Reward ITI 2000ms Bar Release Period

14 Reward Release No Reward ITI Correct Trial Incorrect Trial Wirth et al, 2009

15 50% are outcome-selective Do hippocampal cells differentiate between correct and error trials?

16 Correct Up Cells N = 30 Error Up Cells N = 38 Wirth et al, 2009

17

18 Fixation 500ms Cue 500ms Delay 700ms Early 500ms Late 500ms Reward ITI 2000ms Bar Release Period Standard Trials Fixation Only Trials

19 Correct Up Cells N = 30 Error Up Cells N = 38 Wirth et al, 2009

20 Fixation 500ms Cue 500ms Delay 700ms Early 500ms Late 500ms Reward ITI 2000ms Bar Release Period Standard Trials Fixation Only Trials

21 Wirth et al, 2009

22 Correct Up Cells N = 30 Error Up Cells N = 38 Wirth et al, 2009

23 Object-Place Association Task Wirth et al, 2009 Fixation 500ms Cue 500ms Delay 700ms Early 500ms Late 500ms Reward ITI 2000ms Bar Release Period Fixation 500ms Cue 500ms Delay 700ms Early 500ms Late 500ms Reward ITI 2000ms Bar Release Period

24 Wirth et al, 2009

25 24/25/32 Pi Ia Id Ig Frontal LobeTemporal LobeInsular Cortex Cingulate Gyrus Parietal Lobe V4 23/29/30 7a/LIP STSdSTG TE STSv TEO 11/ DG Sub HPC 30-60% 18-29% 5-17% <5% Entorhinal Parahippocampal Perirhinal Suzuki and Amaral, 1994

26 Take Home Message: All structures of the MTL appear to provide a similar complement of associative learning-related signals. There appears to be a conditionally dynamic relationship between different MTL structures such that depending on task demands different MTL structure can either contribute in similar/cooperative ways or in more clearly distinct way to mnemonic functions.

27 Temporal Order Task 0.3 s0.9 s0.3 s0.5 s0.4 s 1.0 s> 4.0 s Encoding Phase Retrieval Phase 1st Cue2nd Cue 1st Choice2nd Choice Small Reward Large Reward s Pre-response Delay Inter-phase Delay Naya and Suzuki, SFN 2008

28 24/25/32 Pi Ia Id Ig Frontal LobeTemporal LobeInsular Cortex Cingulate Gyrus Parietal Lobe V4 23/29/30 7a/LIP STSdSTG TE STSv TEO 11/ DG Sub HPC 30-60% 18-29% 5-17% <5% Entorhinal Parahippocampal Perirhinal Suzuki and Amaral, 1994

29 Findings The most stimulus selective response are found in area TE and the perirhinal cortex. Perirhinal cortex has the strongest proportion of order and stimulus selective responses The hippocampus has the highest proportion of trial outcome selective responses.

30 Take Home Message: All structures of the MTL appear to provide a similar complement of associative learning-related signals. There appears to be a conditionally dynamic relationship between different MTL structures such that depending on task demands different MTL structure can either contribute in similar/cooperative ways or in more clearly distinct way to mnemonic functions.

31 Sylvia Wirth Marianna Yanike Emin Avsar

32 Eric Hargreaves Yuji Naya


Download ppt "Principles of Memory Organization in the Monkey Medial Temporal Lobe Wendy A. Suzuki Center for Neural Science New York University."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google